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  • State Disaster Recovery Planning Guide

    September 2012

    U.S. Department of Homeland Security

    Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence

    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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    State Disaster Recovery Planning Guide

    September 2012

    Gavin Smith, Ph.D Associate Research Professor

    Department of City and Regional Planning

    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    Executive Director

    Center for the Study of Natural Hazards and Disasters

    Department of Homeland Security

    Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence

    Dylan Sandler, MRP Research Associate

    Center for the Study of Natural Hazards and Disasters

    The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

    Department of Homeland Security

    Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence

    For more information about the Coastal Hazards Center, visit www.coastalhazardscenter.org

    The Coastal Hazards Center is housed within the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Center for

    the Study of Natural Hazards and Disasters. For more information, visit www.hazardscenter.unc.edu

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

    This material is based upon work supported by the Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence, a US

    Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Center of Excellence under Award Number:

    2008-ST-061-ND 0001.

    DISCLAIMER:

    The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be

    interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the US

    Department of Homeland Security.

    http://www.coastalhazardscenter.org/ http://www.hazardscenter.unc.edu/

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    Table of Contents INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE .................................................................................................................... 6

    WHAT IS DISASTER RECOVERY? ................................................................................................................ 7

    The Disaster Recovery Process ............................................................................................................. 8

    WHY PLAN FOR DISASTER RECOVERY? ................................................................................................... 10

    Disaster Resilience .............................................................................................................................. 12

    The Timing of Assistance ..................................................................................................................... 13

    Disaster Recovery Assistance Network ............................................................................................... 14

    THE ROLE OF THE STATE IN DISASTER RECOVERY ...................................................................................... 18

    THE STATE DISASTER RECOVERY PLANNING PROCESS ............................................................................... 24

    STATE DISASTER RECOVERY COMMITTEE ............................................................................................... 25

    THE PURPOSE OF THE RECOVERY COMMITTEE ...................................................................................... 28

    WRITING THE STATE RECOVERY PLAN ........................................................................................................ 29

    INTERNAL PLAN QUALITY PRINCIPLES .................................................................................................... 30

    EXTERNAL PLAN QUALITY PRINCIPLES .................................................................................................... 37

    STATE DISASTER RECOVERY POLICIES ......................................................................................................... 40

    ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES ....................................................................................................................... 40

    Leadership ........................................................................................................................................... 41

    Inter-organizational Coordination ...................................................................................................... 41

    Communication ................................................................................................................................... 42

    Financial Management........................................................................................................................ 42

    State Personnel and Network Staffing ................................................................................................ 47

    Disaster Recovery Operations ............................................................................................................. 49

    State Capacity Building Initiatives ....................................................................................................... 51

    Resolving Disaster Recovery Disputes ................................................................................................ 55

    Legal Issues, Laws, and Authorities ..................................................................................................... 58

    Collection, Analysis, and Archiving of Post-Disaster Data .................................................................. 58

    Linking the State Disaster Recovery Plan to Federal Guidance .......................................................... 61

    Linking the State Disaster Recovery Plan to Other State Planning Guidance ..................................... 63

    TOPICAL ISSUES ....................................................................................................................................... 64

    Housing ............................................................................................................................................... 64

    Infrastructure ...................................................................................................................................... 66

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    Debris Management ........................................................................................................................... 66

    Critical Public Facilities ........................................................................................................................ 67

    Reconstruction .................................................................................................................................... 67

    Hazard Mitigation ............................................................................................................................... 67

    Social Services ..................................................................................................................................... 70

    Economic Development ...................................................................................................................... 71

    Environment........................................................................................................................................ 72

    CONCLUSIONS ............................................................................................................................................. 73

    INDEX .......................................................................................................................................................... 75

    REFERENCES ................................................................................................................................................ 78

    APPENDIX: STATE DISASTER RECOVERY PLAN OUTLINE ............................................................................. 84

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    Table of Figures

    Figure 1: The State and its Connectivity to Federal and Local Recovery Planning ......................... 7

    Figure 2: The Disaster Recovery Process ........................................................................................ 8

    Figure 3: Insured Disaster Losses in the United States 1980 - 2011. ............................................ 10

    Figure 4: State Disaster Recovery Committee .............................................................................. 25

    Figure 5: Proposed State Recovery Committee Membership ...................................................... 26

    Figure 6: Plan Quality Principles ................................................................................................... 29

    Figure 7: Disaster Recovery Planning Hierarchy ........................................................................... 31

    Figure 8: Recovery Support Functions .......................................................................................... 62

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    INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE This document is written for those tasked with the development, maintenance, and

    implementation of a state disaster recovery plan.i It is intended to serve as an evaluative

    guidebook from which users can draw from widely accepted steps derived from planning

    processes and informative best practices adopted in other states. The Guide also includes a

    series of questions following each major section of the document that

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