Click here to load reader

Stephen Jay Gould

  • View
    34

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Stephen Jay Gould. 1941-2002 American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of science http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Jay_Gould http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/gouldsj.html. Education. Undergraduate at Antioch - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Stephen Jay Gould

  • Stephen Jay Gould1941-2002American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, historian of sciencehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Jay_Gouldhttp://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/gouldsj.html

  • EducationUndergraduate at Antioch Studied at the University of Leeds, in EnglandCompleted his graduate work at Columbia Immediately hired by Harvard University

  • CareerProfessor of geology and curator of Invertebrate Paleontology at harvards museum of comparative zoology Awarded the title of professor of zoologyAwarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of ScienceServed as president of the paleontological society (1985-1986) and the society for the study of evolution (1990-1991)Elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences

  • Gould As a Public FigureWrote popular science essays in Natural History magazine essays were reprinted in collected volumes, such as The Panda's Thumb and The Flamingo's Smilebooks such as The Mismeasure of Man Wonderful Life and Full Housepassionate advocate of evolutionary theory and wrote prolifically on the subject

  • Gould As a Public Figurerecurring theme in his writings is the history and development of evolutionary, and pre-evolutionary, thinking an enthusiastic baseball fan and made frequent references to the sport proud Darwinist

  • Gould As a Public Figurespent much of his time fighting against creationism(and the related constructs such as Intelligent Design), including providing expert testimony against creationism in the McLean vs Arkansas, and what he regarded as other forms of pseudoscience.Once voiced a cartoon version of himself on an episode of the animated television program, The Simpsons

  • Personal LifeBorn and raised in Queens in New York CityFather Leonard was a court stenographer, and his mother Eleanor an artistWhen five years old his father took him to the "Hall of Dinosaurs" in the American Museum of Natural History, where he first met Tyrannesaurus rex. "I had no idea there were such thingsI was awestruck," Gould once recalled. It was in that moment that he decided he would become a paleontologist.

  • Personal LifeRaised in a Jewish home but preferred to be called an agnostictwice married; to Deborah Lee in 1965 which ended in divorce, and to artist Rhonda Roland Shearer in 1995 two children, Jesse and Ethan, by his first marriage

  • Gould As a ScientistMost closely identified with his theory of punctuated equilibrium, first formulated in 1972. Punctuated equilibrium holds that evolution occurred primarily in relatively rapid periods of speciation rather than taking place in slow, gradual transformations through the process of natural selection. Believed that most species remain largely stable over long periods of time before some cataclysmic event sets rapid change in motion. Once controversial theory has become the consensus view of paleontologists based on fossil record.

  • Gould As a ScientistDistinguished between evolution, which he described as a fact, and the theory of evolution, which is a theory.Empirical evidence for evolution easily met that high standard, he believed, despite the conceivability that new evidence could arise to raise doubts.

  • Gould As a ScientistMade three general arguments for evolution. First, he pointed to the undeniable evidence of evolution within species, such as the evolving of anti-biotic resistant strains of bacteria. Second, Gould argued from the imperfections that appear in so many species. An engineer, starting from scratch, could design better limbs in each than legs of rat, wings of birds, fins of fish and hands of human

  • Gould As a ScientistFinally, Gould found compelling evidence for evolution in the fossil record of transitional species. Gould pointed to examples of fossils that demonstrated the route from one species to another.

  • ControversiesExpressed frustration that creationist critics frequently cited his attempts to refine aspects of Darwins theory of natural selection as evidence that scientists seriously questioned the underlying fact of evolution, not just its mechanismsMans presence on earth, in Goulds view, is an incredibly improbable event, not the realized vision of an intelligent designer. Without just the right events wiping out just the right species at just the right times, none of us would be here

  • ControversiesClaimed creationism is nonscientific and thus has no place in a science classroom. Counts among his proudest achievements his part in the legal battle to keep creationism out of public schoolsHe appeared as anexpert witnesses in a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of that states new balanced treatment law The law, backed by fundamentalists, required teachers who covered evolution in their biology classes to also discuss the creationist critique of evolution and the evidence for intelligent design.

  • ControversiesAt the trial, Gould testified creationists distorted both geological evidence and scientific studies on fossil evidence of evolutionary transformationWrote of one high school teacher, asked what he would do if the law was upheld, looked up and said, in his calm and dignified voice: It would be my tendency not to comply. I am not a revolutionary or a martyr, but I have a responsibility to my students, and I cannot forego them. Recalling the incident, Gould added a benediction: God bless the teachers of this world.

  • ControversiesBelieved science education was in a sorry state after the Scopes trial in Tennessee and the trial in ArkansasNo improvement came about, he argued, until the success of the Russian Sputnick in 1957 finally roused Americans to see the dangers of a second-rate science curriculum. Argued that a strong consensus accepted for decades by leading scientific and religious thinkers alike saw no conflict between evolution and religion

  • ControversiesIn 1999 book, Rock of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life, he strenuously contended that science and religion occupied separate non-overlapping domains and if each stuck to their appropriate missions, no difficulties between the two could ever arise Religion and science can, each in their own way, enrich our practical and ethical lives. Just as science is of no help in answering the question of how we ought to live, Gould insisted, religion tells us nothing about the laws of nature.

  • Controversies

    In 1999 book, Rock of Ages: Science and Religion in the Fullness of Life, he strenuously contended that science and religion occupied separate non-overlapping domains and if each stuck to their appropriate missions, no difficulties between the two could ever arise Religion and science can, each in their own way, enrich our practical and ethical lives. Just as science is of no help in answering the question of how we ought to live, Gould insisted, religion tells us nothing about the laws of nature.

  • Life Challenges

    Diagnosed with abdominal mesothelioma in 1982Later published a column in Discover titledThe Median Isnt the Message in which he discusses his discovery that mesotheliomapatients had only a median lifespan of eight months after diagnosisDescribed the research he uncovered behind this number, and his relief upon the realization that statistics are not prophecyAfter his diagnosis and receiving an experimental treatment, Gould continued to live for nearly twenty years

  • Life Challenges

    It was during his bout with abdominal mesothelioma that became a user of marajaunia to alleviate the nausea associated with his cancer treatmentsAccording to Gould, his use of the illegal drug had the "most important effect" on his eventual cureHis personal success with the substance led him to become a medical marijuana advocate later in his life

  • Steven Jay Gould died from a metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung (i.e.lung cancer which was unrelated to his abdominal mesothelioma) at his home in New York on May 20, 2002.

    graduating with a degree in geology in 1963which may have influenced the development of his nascent political awarenessin 1967\where he worked until the end of his life.. In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    . In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    . In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    . In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    . In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    . In 1973 Harvard promoted him 1982 was awarded the title of Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology.In 1983 he was awarded fellowship into the American Association for the Advancement of Science, where he later served as president (2000).In 1989 Gould was elected into the body of the National Academy of Sciences.

    , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , Gould argued, 65 million years ago, following the impact of the meteor near the Yucatan Peninsula and the resultant death of dinosaurs, the burrowing mammals that survived rapidly evolved and filled vacated ecological niches , His column became a source of comfort for many cancer patients., His column became a source of comfort for many cancer patients., His column became a source of comfort for many cancer patients.