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8/15/2019 Student Handout 3 How to Assemble and Disassemble PC http://slidepdf.com/reader/full/student-handout-3-how-to-assemble-and-disassemble-pc 1/12 Student Handout #3 Topic: How to Install Computer Hardware  prepared by Mr. Lemuel C. Condes 3.1 OBJECTIVES  After going through this lesson you would be able to: 1. plan and prepare for assembling a computer 2. identify the Occupational Health and Safety policies and procedures related to the system requirements. 3. identify different tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the assembly work. 4. identify different materials necessary to complete the work in accordance with established procedures and checked against systems requirements. 5. perform the assembly process or procedures of a computer hardware. 6. check and analyze the BIOS for configuration to ensure that the system is assembled properly. 7. perform the disassembly process or procedures of a computer hardware. 3.2 INTRODUCTION This instruction will teach you how to make a personal desktop computer. There are some steps for you to follow. But first, you will have to prepare the following: TOOLS Phillips Screwdriver Standard Screwdriver Mechanical Pliers Longnose Pliers Anti-static Wrist Strap or Wrist Band – to discharge your body’s static electricity. Flash light/Head mounted light Eye Protector Glasses MATERIALS Motherboard-the main board in the computer also called the system board. Central processing Unit (CPU)  – (Please refer to image 1.1 on page 10) Random access memory (RAM)  – Used to temporarily hold data and programs while the CPU processes both. Hard drive  – The main secondary storage device of a PC. Power supply  – a box inside the computer case that supplies power to the motherboard and other installed devices. SATA and/or IDE Cables- connects Hard drive or CD- ROM drive to the motherboard.  Power Cable-provides connection between power source and the system unit. Case-houses the hardware components of a computer.

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Student Handout #3

Topic: How to Install Computer Hardware prepared by Mr. Lemuel C. Condes 

3.1 OBJECTIVES

 After going through this lesson you would be able to:

1. plan and prepare for assembling a computer

2. identify the Occupational Health and Safety policies and procedures related to the system requirements.3. identify different tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the assembly work.4. identify different materials necessary to complete the work in accordance with established procedures and

checked against systems requirements.5. perform the assembly process or procedures of a computer hardware.6. check and analyze the BIOS for configuration to ensure that the system is assembled properly.7. perform the disassembly process or procedures of a computer hardware.

3.2 INTRODUCTION

This instruction will teach you how to make a personal desktop computer. There are some steps for you to follow.But first, you will have to prepare the following:

TOOLS

Phillips Screwdriver Standard Screwdriver Mechanical Pliers Longnose Pliers

Anti-static Wrist Strap or WristBand  – to discharge your body’sstatic electricity. 

Flash light/Head mountedlight

Eye Protector Glasses

MATERIALS

Motherboard-the main board inthe computer also called thesystem board.

Central processing Unit(CPU)  – (Please refer toimage 1.1 on page 10)

Random accessmemory (RAM)  – Used totemporarily hold data andprograms while the CPUprocesses both.

Hard drive  – The mainsecondary storagedevice of a PC.

Power supply  – a box inside thecomputer case that supplies powerto the motherboard and otherinstalled devices.

SATA and/or IDE Cables-connects Hard drive or CD-ROM drive to themotherboard. 

Power Cable-providesconnection betweenpower source and thesystem unit.

Case-houses thehardware components ofa computer.

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Monitor (please refer to Table1.2 on page 10) 

Keyboard (please refer to Table1.12 on page 9)

Mouse (please referto Table 1.12 onpage 9)

EQUIPMENT

Working Table with rubber mat

Uninterruptible PowerSupply (UPS) - Rechargeablepower supply but only lasts for30 minutes. 

3.3 PREPARATION

Proper preparation is the key to a successful build. Before you begin, make sure:

  you have all the tools you will need,

  secure a clear, well-lit workspace,

  gather all the components you’ll be using,  

  verify that everything that is supposed to be there is actually present, and read the manuals if it’s a new unit. 

3.4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 

Safety precautions are important for your own security.Please read the following Occu pational Health and Safety

policies and procedures thoroughly.

1. Do not work alone so that there's someone who can

take care of you in case of emergency.

2. Take away any liquid near your working area to avoid

getting electrocuted or accidentally damaging computer

parts.

3. Be careful with tools that may cause short circuit.

4. Always ground or discharge yourself before touching any part of the computer.

5. Do not use excessive force if things don't quite slip into place.

6. Hold the components on the edges and do not touch the Integrated Circuit (IC) parts.

7. Always wear personal protective equipment (PPE).

8. Contingency measures should be recognized.

3.5 PROCEDURES ON ASSEMBLING COMPUTER HARDWARE

STEPS AND PROCEDURE PICTURE REPRESENTATIONS

Step 1: Prepare the Motherboard theninstall the CPU on it.

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Step 2: Connect the CPU cooler to theMotherboard. Be sure to apply thermalpaste to the CPU before installing thecooling fan. 

Step 3: Attach the RAM (memory)modules on its corresponding slots in themotherboard.

Step 4: Open the case and mount in thepower supply.

Step 5: Suitably position the Motherboardand install it in the case.

Step 6: Mount the Hard disk and connectit to the power supply and themotherboard.

Step 7: Connect the SATA (or IDE)connectors to the drives and to theMotherboard. 

Step 8: Connect the case switches to themotherboard.

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Step 9: Connect the 20 or 24-pin ATXconnector and the 4-pin power supplycontrol connector to the motherboard.

Step 10: Cover the case and stand it upready for connecting it to the mainperipherals.

Step 11: Connect the VGA cable of themonitor to the VGA port of themotherboard located at the back of thesystem unit.

Step 12: Connect the keyboard andmouse cord to the back of the system unit.

Step 13: Connect one power cord to thesystem unit and one to the monitor.

Step 14: Plug-in the power cords to theUPS.

Step 15: Plug-in the UPS to the powersource outlet.

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Step 16: Switch on the UPS then turn onthe Computer.

Step 17: Check the BIOS forconfiguration. Press F1, F2 or Delete  keys upon booting to enter the BIOSSetup then check the contents. If the HardDrive is detected, then the computer isproperly assembled.

3.6 PROCEDURES ON DISASSEMBLING COMPUTER HARDWARE

Follow the “Safety Precautions” then perform the “Steps on Assembling Procedures” in reverse order, startingfrom “Step 16”.

3.7 HOW TO CHANGE COMPUTER BIOS SETTINGS 

Knowing how to access and change settings in your BIOS can save you a lot of headaches when troubleshootinga computer. The method varies for every computer, but this guide will show you how to access and change your BIOSsettings.

METHOD 1 OF 3: Enter the BIOS

1. Boot the computer. As themanufacturer’s logo appears, pressthe designated setup button to enterthe BIOS. The key varies bymanufacturer. Typical setups keys areF2, F10, F12, and Del. The key will bedisplayed on the screen with themanufacturer’s logo. 

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2. Rapidly strike the setup key. Newercomputers can boot very fast. Onceyou figure out your setup key, rapidlypress it when booting the computer.This will give you a greater chance ofentering the BIOS. You may have torepeat the process several times ifyou have difficulty with the timing.

NOTE: If you are running Windows 8and cannot access the BIOS, see theEntering Windows 8 Boot Optionssection.

3. Wait for your BIOS to load. Aftersuccessfully hitting the setup key, theBIOS will load. This should only take afew moments. When the loading iscomplete, you will be taken to theBIOS settings menu. 

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METHOD 2 OF 3: Adjust Settings

1. Navigate the BIOS. Everymanufacturer has a different layout fortheir BIOS menu, but most sharesome common settings. These includepower settings, date and time settings,

boot order, and more.

NOTE: BIOS menus do not supportmouse input. You will need tonavigate the menus using yourkeyboard. Most BIOS allow you tomove through menus with the arrowkeys, while some use specific keys forspecific menus, or + and  – keys fornavigation.

2. Change your settings carefully.When adjusting settings in your BIOS,be sure that you certain what thesettings will affect. Changing settingsincorrectly can lead to system or

hardware failure. 

3. Change the boot order. If you wantto change what device to boot from,enter the Boot menu. From here, youcan designate which device thecomputer will attempt to boot fromfirst. This is useful for booting from adisc to install or repair an operatingsystem. 

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4. Create a BIOS password. You can

create a password that will lock thecomputer from booting unless thecorrect password is entered. 

5. Change your date and time. YourBIOS’s clock will dictate yourWindows clock. If the battery hasbeen recently replaced, your clock willmost likely have been reset. You canadjust your clock settings from theBIOS. 

6. Change fan speeds and systemvoltages. These options are foradvanced users only. In this menu,you can overclock your CPU,potentially giving more performance.This should be performed only if youare comfortable with your computer’shardware. Check out our [[Overclock aPC | guide on overclocking] for moreinformation. 

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7. Save and exit. When you are finishedadjusting your settings, you will need

to save and exit in order for yourchanges to take effect. When yousave and restart, your computer willreboot with the new settings. 

METHOD 3 OF 3: Enter Windows 8 Boot Options

1. Understand what is new withWindows 8 booting. Windows 8often boots too quickly to manuallyenter the BIOS menu via the setupkey. If you are running a solid statedrive, you may have as little as .2seconds to successfully press thesetup key. Windows 8 allow you toenter a new Advanced Startup menuthat replaces the functions of theBIOS.

NOTE: This method only works if youhave a UEFI-enabled motherboard. Theseare relatively recent releases, so oldersystems running Windows 8 will have toenter BIOS the old manual way.

2. Open Windows Settings. You can dothis by pressing the Windows key + Cto open the sidebar. Click the Settingsbutton in the sidebar. Once theSettings menu is open, select theGeneral tab. 

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3. Restart with Advanced startup.Under the Advanced startup section inthe General settings, click Restart

Now. This will reboot the computerinto the Advanced Startup menu.

NOTE: Alternatively, you can hold downthe Shift key while clicking the Restartbutton in the Shut Down menu.

4. Adjust your settings. To access theBIOS settings, click the Troubleshootbutton. This will open the “Advancedoptions” menu. From this menu, youcan adjust your BIOS settings byclicking UEFI Firmware Settings. Ifyou don’t see this option, you do nothave a UEFI-enabled motherboard. 

5. Change the boot device. If youwould like to boot from a disc oranother drive, return to the main Advanced Startup menu. Click the“Use a device” button. This will allowyou to select which device you wouldlike to boot from, such as your DVDdrive or a flash drive. 

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3.7.1 Tips

  A useful task is to check the boot order. If you have the OS on the hard drive, make sure that the hard drive is thefirst in the boot order. This can save a few seconds off boot time.

  Keep a copy of your motherboard's documentation (a.k.a. User Manual) with you in case you can't get in or out ofthe BIOS, or you need help changing something.

  Backup your BIOS settings by recording them on paper once your PC is running and before you make anychanges to them.

3.7.2 Warnings

  Don't change anything if you don't know what you're doing.

  If you are going to flash the BIOS after, do NOT attempt this. If you have already changed settings, you mustreset your BIOS. Instructions on how to reset your BIOS can be found here: Reset Your BIOS  

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STUDENT STUDY GUIDE

PART 1  – MULTIPLE-CHOICE: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Please write your choice on your answersheet.

1. __________ It is an input device that allows the user to move a cursor around a screen and select programs with theclick of a button.a. Monitorb. Mouse

c. Keyboardd. Printer

2. __________ Refers to the legislation, policies, procedures and activities that aim to protect the health, safety andwelfare of all people at the workplace.a. Republic Actb. House Rulesc. Occupational Health and Safetyd. Presidential Decree

3. __________ A person that deals with the troubleshooting of a computer.a. Computer Technicianb. Computer Programmerc. Computer Troubleshooterd. Computer Doctor

4. __________ What is the most important hardware component of a computer?a. Processorb. Monitorc. Moused. Keyboard

5. __________ The two primary components of a computer are:a. Input and Outputb. Hardware and Softwarec. Keyboard and Moused. Monitor and Printer

PART 2  – TRUE OR FALSE: Write true if the following statement is true and write wrong if it is wrong. Pleasewrite your choice on your answer sheet.

1. ______________________ It is okay to work alone when assembling a computer.

2. ______________________ It is important to hold the components on its edges so that the ICs won’t be damaged.  

3. ______________________ The RAM is also called the Central Processing Unit.

4. ______________________ Input device shows the information after processing in an understandable and usableform.

5. ______________________ Software is the physical component of a computer.

PART 3  – IDENTIFICATION: Identify each item below. Please write your choice on your answer sheet.

1. __________________ - a rechargeable power supply that only lasts for 30 minutes.

2. __________________ - used to temporarily hold data and programs while the CPU processes both.

3. __________________ - provides connection between power source and the system unit.

4. __________________ - the main secondary storage device of a PC.

5. __________________ - the main board in the computer also called the system board.

6. __________________ - a common input device through which data and instructions may be typed into computer

memory.7. __________________ - houses the hardware components of a computer.

8. __________________ - it is used for Electro-Static Discharge or ESD.

9. __________________ - the primary storage device which holds the data while processing.

10. __________________ - a box inside the computer case that supplies power to the motherboard and other installed

devices.