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SUPLEMENTASI METHIONIN PADA PAKAN AYAM BROILER: Solusi untuk Mencapai Swasembada Daging Ayam Nasional Diah Nugrahani P (B04090039)

Suplementasi methionin pada pakan ayam broiler

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  • 1. SUPLEMENTASI METHIONINPADA PAKAN AYAM BROILER:Solusi untuk Mencapai Swasembada Daging Ayam NasionalDiah Nugrahani P (B04090039)

2. 83 g/ kapita seminggu 11 g/ kapita (BPS 2012) seminggu 3. MurahAmanBerkhasiatBerkualitas 4. 1. Memberikan ALTERNATIF SOLUSI untuk meningkatkan produktivitas dan kualitas daging ayam2. Memberikan PENGETAHUAN tentang penggunaan methionin di bidang peternakan ayam sebagai pemacu tumbuh 5. Methionin 6. Perkembangan otot dada (Zhai et al. 2012) Peningkatan S6KI dan Insulin(Everaet et al. 2010) (Sweenen et al. 2010) BB, FCR, kadar lemak daging (Wallis 1999) 7. sistem kekebalan tubuh total leukosit antibody dalam tubuh interleukin persentasi limfosit sistein heterofil sitokin IgG respons mitothen PHA-P mortalitas 8. Kecerahan organ (Mc Devit et al. 2010) PermintaanMethionine Konsumen Kecerahan daging (Peng et al. 2010) 9. Kecepatan tumbuh 0.24% dl- 3.23-6.90methionine gram/ekor/hari(Vasco et al. 2013)Populasi ayam1.266.902.718 ekor (Kementan 2012) 4 092 8 742 ton/hari 10. A. Pakan FCRHarga pakan Biaya produksi(/10 000) tanpa methionin 1.88 4500.08 460.000 dengan methionin1.58 4689.67 409.568Selisih 1 050.43210 504 320B. Penurunan Jumlah Kematian PersenJumlahHarga Jumlah ayamLabakematianayam matiayam tanpa methionin 1.30% 10 000 130 dengan methionin1.03% 10 000 103UNTUNG 2717 000 459 000 11. BB Harga ayamTotalJumlah ayamLaba akhir (/ekor) penjualandengan methionin 1.827 17 0009 897 307 390 923 37 249 023tanpa methionin1.610 17 0009 870 270 141 900 12. Pemberian methionin0.24 % di atas kebutuhan basal merupakan salahsatu cara menujuswasembada daging nasional denganmeningkatkanproduktivitas dankualitashidupayam broiler 13. Daftar PustakaBwain BK, Johri TS. 2000. Effect of supplemental methionine, choline, and their combination on the performance andimmune response of broiler. British Poult. Sci. 41 (1): 83-88.[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2012. Perkembangan Beberapa Indikator Utama Sosial-Ekonomi Indonesia:Trends of SelectedSocio-Economic Indicators of Indonesia. Jakarta (ID): Badan Pusat Statistik.[Deptan] Departemen Pertanian. 2012. Populasi ayam ras pedaging menurut provinsi: tahun 2008-2012 [Internet]. [diunduhpada 2013 Maret 14]. Tersedia pada:http://www.deptan.go.id/infoeksekutif/nak/EIS_NAK2012/Pop_AyamRasPedaging_Prop_2012.pdf.Everaet N, Sweenen Q, Coustard SM, Willemsen H, Careghi C, Buyse J, Bruggeman V, Decuypere E, Tesseraud S. 2010. Theeffect of the protein level in a pre-starter diet on the post-hatch performance and activation of ribosomal protein S6kinase in muscle of neonatal broilers. British J. Nutr. 103:206211.[Fao] Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation. 2011. Mapping Supply and Demand for Animal-Source Foods to2030. Caracalla (IT): Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation.Mc Devit RM, S Mack, IR Walls. 2010. Can betaine partially replace or enhance the effect of methionine by improving broilergrowth and carcase characteristics?.British Poult. Sci. 41(4): 473-480[NRC] National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirement of Poultry. 9th Ed. Canada (US): National Academy Sciences.Peng J, Yuming G, Xin Y, Fangyu L. 2010. Effect of dietary arginine and methionine level on broiler carcass traits and meatquality. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 9 (11): 1546-1551.Purnamasari E, Legowo AM, Bintoro VP. 2011. Sifat warna dan kimia daging ayam cemani yang direndam dalam larutan asamsitrat. [Proseding]. Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner 2011, Bogor, 7-8 Juni 2011.Sweenen Q, Coustard SM, Everaert N. 2010. The effect of the protein level in a pre-starter diet on the post-hatchperformance and activation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase in muscle of neonatal broilers. British J. Nutr. 103:206211.Tresnandika G. 2009. Efek penggunaan DL-methionin dalam ransum terhadap organ dalam serta histopatologi usus dan hatiayam broiler umur 6 minggu. [Skripsi]. Program Studi Ilmu Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, InstitutPertanian Bogor.Tsiagbe VK, ME Cook, AE Harper, & ML Sunde. 1987. Enhanced Immune Responses in Broiler Chicks Fed Methionine-Supplemented Diets. Poult. Sci.66 (7): 1147-1154.Vesco APD, Gasparino E, Neto ARO, Rossi RM, Soares MAM, da Silva SCC. 2013. Effect of methionine supplementation onmitochondrial genes expression in the breast muscle and liver of broilers. Livest. Sci.151: 284-291.Wallis IR. 1999. Dietary supplements of methionine increase breast meat yield and decrease abdominal fat in growing broilerchickens. Aus.J. Exp. Agri. 39(2): 131141.Yodserance R, Bunchasak C. 2012. Effect of dietary methionine source on productive performance, blood chemical, andhematological profiles in broiler chickens under tropical conditions. Trop. Anim. Health. Prod.44: 1957-1963.Zhai W, Araujo LF, Burgess SC, Cooksey AM, Pendarvis K, Mercier Y, Corzo A. 2012. Protein expression in pectoral skeletalmuscle of chickens as influenced by dietary methionine. Poult. Sci. 91(10):2548-2555. 14. Terima kasih 15. konsentrasi 0.35%pendarahan dan proliferasi sel radangpada organ hatikonsentrasi 0.59%bobot badan, nilai hematokrit konsentrasi hemoglobinkerusakan pancreasgangguan syaraf 16. Diah Nugrahani Pristihadi18 Maret 2013Fakultas Kedokteran HewanInstitut Pertanian Bogor