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SURAH AL-IKHLAS - Quran Study Group · PDF file 11/17/2019  · Generally the Surah Names are just identification and not related to contents But this Surah has the name which is about

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Text of SURAH AL-IKHLAS - Quran Study Group · PDF file 11/17/2019  · Generally the Surah...

  • SURAH AL-IKHLAS

    Quran Study Sessions – Session 3

    Nov 17, 2019

  • ❑ Objective

    ❑ To learn from each other the book of Allah (inspired by the Hadith: َلََّمهُ َخْيُرُكْم َمْن تَعَلََّم اْلقُْرآَن َوع meaning “Best among you are those who learn the Quran and teaches it”

    ❑ Mode

    ❑ Online (beyond geographical boundaries)

    ❑ Study circle

    ❑ Learn from various source: scholars, tafaseer (explanation of Quran) and share the learnings

    ❑ Interactive, not one way

    ❑ Some notes

    ❑ None of us claim to be scholars

    ❑ Any contentious issue, we will go back to scholars.

    ❑ Purpose of learning is to ponder over and implement in our own lives

    About these Sessions

  • ❑ Need for divine guidance

    ❑ Quran is words of GOD, revealed on the last Prophet (ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص)

    ❑ Neither prose nor poetry but series of divine orations

    ❑ Divine orations at different times but beautifully organized

    ❑ What this book demands

    ❑ Believe in it

    ❑ Understand it

    ❑ Ponder over it

    ❑ Act upon

    ❑ Spread the message

    Quick Recap on Introduction to Quran

  • ❑ Oath by Time to convey the importance of the message

    ❑ Address to Humanity

    ❑ Everybody is in Loss

    ❑ Exceptions:

    ❑ Believe

    ❑ Do good deeds

    ❑ Enjoin Truth

    ❑ Enjoin Patience

    Quick Recap on Surah Al-Asr

  • Axis of Belief

    Belief (α) Disbelief (α)

    Good Deeds

    Bad Deeds

  • Axis of Belief

    Belief (α) Disbelief (α)

    Good Deeds

    Bad Deeds

    • Conditions of Success

    • Belief

  • Axis of Belief

    Belief (α)

    Disbelief (α)

    Good Deeds

    Bad Deeds

    • Conditions of Success

    • Belief

    • Good deeds

    • Enjoin Truth

    • Enjoin Patience

  • Axis of Belief

    Belief (α)

    Disbelief (α)

    Good Deeds

    Bad Deeds

    • Conditions of Success

    • Belief

    • Good deeds

    • Enjoin Truth

    • Enjoin Patience

    • Loss

    • Loss

    • Loss

  • ❑ ال إله إال هللا محمد رسول هللا

    ❑ There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed (ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص) is His messenger.

    ❑ Surah Al-Ikhas is the introduction to this One GOD

    Belief

  • Surah Al-Ikhlas -112

    ❑ Say, “He is Allah, [who is] One

    ❑ Allah, the Eternal Refuge

    ❑ He neither begets nor is born

    ❑ Nor is there to Him any equivalent

  • ❑ Generally the Surah Names are just identification and not related to contents

    ❑ But this Surah has the name which is about the content

    ❑ Ikhlas – meaning purification

    ❑ This Surah purifies the faith from Shirk (Polytheism)

    ❑ There are multiple names of this Surah

    Surah Name

  • ❑ According to the most scholars this Surah was revealed in Makkah

    ❑ One of the earliest Surahs to be revealed

    ❑ One of the last to be arranged in the Mushaf (Quran)

    ❑ Revealed as a result of Questions:

    ❑ Tell us the ancestry of your Lord?”

    ❑ Tell us if you Lord is made of gold or silver?

    ❑ What is his sex, does he eat or drink?

    ❑ Tell us the attributes of your Lord who sent you as a Prophet

    ❑ Many beliefs existed at the time (Polytheism, Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Sabeans, etc.)

    ❑ Theme of this Surah – Tauheed (Oneness of God)

    Time and Context of Revelation

  • ❑ Many traditions of Hadith says the Surah is equivalent to 1/3rd of the Quran

    ❑ Three main doctrines in Quran

    ❑ Tauheed (Oneness of God)

    ❑ Apostleship

    ❑ Hereafter

    ❑ Love of this Surah leads to Paradise and Love of Allah

    Merits

  • ❑ Say - proclaim or declare or openly announce something

    ❑ First addressee is Prophet (ملسو هيلع هللا ىلص), after him every believer

    ❑ He is Allah

    ❑ Allah was familiar name to the people of Makkah

    ❑ There are many (99+) names (such as Al- Rahman, Al-Raheem) of Allah, but Allah is considered as proper name by most scholars.

    First verse – Oneness

  • ❑ Ahad (more singular) vs Wahed

    ❑ Allah in its being is Ahad

    ❑ Allah in His attributes is Wahed

    ❑ One God is important for the universe to exist and sustain

    ❑ Say, [O Muhammad], "If there had been with Him [other] gods, as they say, then they [each] would have sought to the Owner of the Throne a way.“ (17-42)

    First verse – Oneness

  • ❑ Single code of ethics and morals are important

    ❑ Idea of oneness – extremely liberating

    ❑ Oneness should be internalizes and deeply rooted

    First verse – Oneness

  • ❑ Implications of Oneness of God:

    ❑ He alone is sustainer, no else share his providence

    ❑ He alone is the deity of worship

    ❑ He is the Creator of the universe, no one else is His associate in this

    ❑ He alone has been and will be God forever, neither there was a God before Him will there be any

    ❑ There no race or sex God, He is single and none is homogenous with Him

    ❑ He is free from every plurality

    First verse – Oneness

  • ❑ Scholastic breadth in the meaning of Al-Samad

    ❑ Allah, The Everlasting Sovereign

    ❑ The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks).

    ❑ Allah, the eternally Besought of all!

    ❑ Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;

    ❑ God the eternal.

    ❑ Allah is Besought of all, needing none.

    ❑ Allah, Who is in need of none and of Whom all are in need

    ❑ Allah, the Eternal Refuge.

    Second verse – Al-Samad

  • ❑ Many meaning of Samad:

    ❑ One who has no superior

    ❑ Chieftain who chieftaincy is perfect of most extraordinary kind

    ❑ He to whom people turn in times of calamity

    ❑ He who is independent of others and others are dependent on him

    ❑ He who is perfect all his attributes

    ❑ He who is immune to calamity

    ❑ He who is faultless, ever living and immortal

    ❑ Al-Samad – The …

    Second verse – Al-Samad

  • ❑ Wrong beliefs

    ❑People had concepts of God, like similar to men, married and had children

    ❑ Polytheist of Makkah used to believe angels as daughters

    ❑ Christians/Jews modified their beliefs that God has son

    ❑ If we to believe the above then

    ❑ God is not unique/one

    ❑ God needs help and support from children

    ❑ if God was born, then he didn’t existed before

    Third verse

  • ❑ All these have been negated

    ❑ Particularly in the first two verses (Ahad and As- Samad)

    ❑ But in this verse it is emphasized

    ❑ He neither begets

    ❑ He is nor begotten

    Third verse - Neither begets nor begotten

  • ❑ No one in the entire universe who is

    ❑ Similar to Allah

    ❑ Equal in rank with Him

    ❑ Resembling in His attributes works and powers in any degree

    Fourth verse – No equivalent

  • ❑ Have you seen the one who takes as his god his own desire? (25:43)

    ❑ Slave of own desires, lusts, own passions, carnal desires

    ❑ According to Prophet “Of all false gods being worshipped and served, instead of Allah, worst in the sight of Allah is one’s own lust (Tabrani)

    Hidden Idols

    َههُ َهَواهُ أَفَأَنتَ ًا أََرأَْيَت َمِن اتََّخَذ إِلََٰ 25:43- تَُكوُن َعلَْيِه َوِكي

  • Summary

    ❑ Belief of One God important for success

    ❑ Fundamental doctrine of Islam

    ❑ 1/3rd of the Quran

    ❑ Its love leads to paradise

    ❑ Belief should internalize and should be deeply rooted

  • ❑ http://www.quranwebsite.com/tadaddbur-e- quran%20english/112%20Surah%20Ikhlas.pdf

    ❑ http://www.quranwebsite.com/read/025%20Al-Furqan.pdf

    ❑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2_AbXfd28A

    ❑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmsOlTxVjDs

    ❑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSnU2wAnBP8

    References

    http://www.quranwebsite.com/tadaddbur-e-quran%20english/112%20Surah%20Ikhlas.pdf http://www.quranwebsite.com/read/025%20Al-Furqan.pdf https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2_AbXfd28A https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EmsOlTxVjDs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSnU2wAnBP8

  • Thank You