Surah Ar Rahman (Ayah 31 36 - SISTERSNOTES ?· Surah!Ar’Rahman!(Ayah!31’36)! •!•!•! •!•!•!!!1!…

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    Surah Ar-Rahman (Ayah 31-36)

    Class  7  -­‐‑  April  13,  2013  

     

    [This  is  a  transcript  of  a  lecture  given  by  Sister  Eman  al  Obaid.  We  ask  Allah  subhana  wa  ta’ala  for  His   forgiveness  and  His  Mercy.  Anything  that  is  good  from  these  notes  is  from  Allah  subhana  wa  ta’ala.  Any   mistakes  &  misrepresentations  are  my  own.  I  ask  Allah  subhana  wa  ta’ala  for  His  forgiveness  and  to  put  

    forgiveness  in  the  hearts  of  those  who  read  them.  JazakAllah  Khairan.]  

  • Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman  (Ayah  31-­‐‑36)   •  •  •   •  •  •  

      1  

    Surah Ar-Rahman (Ayah 31-36) Class  7  -­‐‑  April  13,  2013  

    Introduction   In   this   life  our  existence   is  because  of  Allah’s  Rahmah.  Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman   from  beginning   till   the  end   is  

    about  ذذوو االجاللل ووااإلكراامم.    In  Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman  we  are  told  that  nothing  will  remain  except  the  Owner  of   The  Honor  and  Majesty.  Therefore  if  we  want  honor  we  need  to  seek  from  ذذوو االجاللل ووااإلكراامم   and  the   only  one  we  need  to  magnify  is  Allah.  Knowing  this  is  important  for  our  attachment  to  Allah.  We  need  to  

    magnify  and  honor  Allah.    Also  knowing   ووااإلكرااممذذوو االجاللل    tells  us  that  Allah  will  honor  whomever  He   wills  and  He  will  put  down  whom  ever  he  wills.     The  Ayat  in  the  Quran  are  signs  of  Allah.  The  Ayah  studied  in  the  previous  class  tells  us  that  everyone  is   asking  Allah  and  He  is  disposing  the  affairs  of  a  person  as  he  needs.  Here  we  see  relation  between  Allah   and   his   servants.   Everyone   in   his   creation   is   asking   him   and   Allah   is   disposing   of   his   or   her   affairs.   Therefore  we  need  to  attach  to  Allah  and  ask  him  and  Allah  will  dispose  of  our  affairs  as  it  suits  us.  The   whole  of  Quran  is  telling  us  to  attach  ourselves  to  Allah.  Infact  if  we  observe  the  whole  universe  is  telling   us  to  attach  ourselves  to  Allah.  

    (Ayah 26-32) ممننن لطططططاىىففف االننعممم Ayah 31  

     

     

     

     

  • Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman  (Ayah  31-­‐‑36)   •  •  •   •  •  •  

      2  

     

    In   this   Ayah   there   is   a   warning   from   Allah.   Surah   Rahman   is   full   of   mercy   so   even   the   warnings   mentioned  in  this  Surah  are  surrounded  and  covered  with  mercy.    

    In  the  beginning  of  the  Surah  Allah  mentions  his  bounties  and  blessings  yet  people  reject  Allah’s  signs  so   here  Allah   is  warning   those  people  who  are  not   attaching   themselves   to  Allah.   In   this   life  when  people   commit  a  sin,  will  Allah  punish   them  at   the  same  time?  No.   Infact  Allah  will  bring   them  to  guidance   in   different  ways.  Allah  wants  us  to  be  reformed,  as  Allah  wants  us  to  live  in  Paradise.  Allah  will  afflict  them   so  they  return  to  Him  but  still  if  people  do  not  repent  then  there  will  come  a  day  when  Allah  will  account   them  for  all  they  did  in  this  life.    

    When  people  oppress  others   in   this   life  we   should  not   think   that  Allah   let   them  opress.  Allah  will   give   them  respite  but  he  will  not  neglect  anyone.  Sometimes  when  people  exceed  their   limits   they  think  why   Allah  is  not  punishing  them?  This  is  because  Allah  is  giving  them  time.  It  is  not  for  us  to  judge  as  Allah  is   aware  of  all  that  we  are  doing.  

    Whatever   we   do   in   this   life,   Allah   will   not   neglect   us.   There   will   come   a   time   when   Allah   will   call   everyone   to   accounts.   In   this   life   Allah   gives   us   time   to   reform.   Allah   does   not   like   disobedience   and   disbelief  so  he  gives  us  time  to  reform  ourselves  and  return  to  him.    Nothing  can  occupy  Allah  or  keep  him   busy.    

    Here  we  see  a  warning  that  whatever  we  do  in  our  lives  Allah  will  call  us  for  accounts.  

      ”means  “  We  will  attend  to  you َسنَۡفُرغغُ لَُكمۡ

      ”means  “both  of  you  أأيَیُّهھَ  

      which  means  “having  weight”  or  “heavy”  or  “burden”.    Who ثَّقَلَ   This  is  dual.  Singular  for  this  is ٱٱلثَّقََالننِ is  the  one  having  weight?  Here  the  description  of  human  and  Jinn  is  mentioned  and  they  are  described  as    

      On  the  Day  of  Judgment  Allah  will  call  only  humans  and  jinn  for  their  accounts.  That  is  why  Allah ثَّقََالننِ describes  them  as   ِثَّقََالنن .

    Now  we  will  see  why  the  human  and  the  Jinn  are  called   ِثَّقََالنن ?   1. Weight   on   the   Earth:   The   human   being   and   the   Jinn   are   living   on   the   earth   and   they   are   having   a  

    weight.  Therefore  there  presence  is  like  weight  on  earth.      

    2. Sins:  The  human  being  and  Jinn  are  full  of  sins.  They  disobey  by:    

  • Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman  (Ayah  31-­‐‑36)   •  •  •   •  •  •  

      3  

    a. Not  doing  what  is  obligatory   b. Doing  what  is  haram/sin   c. Not  being  able  to  give  thanks  to  Allah  for  all  his  blessing  

    Because  of  the  above  we  need  purification  throughout  our  lives.  We  are  made  of  clay  /sand  and  we   are  full  of  faults.  No  one  in  this  life  is  perfect.  Our  imperfection  is  also  a  blessing  from  Allah.  This  is   because  if  we  are  perfect  then  there  is  no  challenge.  Also  if  everybody  is  perfect  in  this  life  then  it   will  make  us  arrogant.   In   the   life,   the  blessing   is  mixed  with  hardship;   in  order   to  reach   to  some   goal  there  is  hardship.  Even  in  our  worship  we  cannot  be  perfect.  This  is  good  for  us  as  our  life  in   this  Duniya  is  temporary.  Alhumdulillah  we  have  a  Lord  who  is  generous  as  whatever  little  we  do,   Allah  will  perfect  it  for  us.  Allah  will  perfect  the  deeds  for  the  Muttaqeen  /  Museneen.  Sometimes   we  have  faults  and  we  want   to  overcome  it  and  yet  despite   trying  we  are  unable   to  overcome  it.   Allah  will  reward  us  for  our  struggle  even  if  we  are  not  successful  in  overcoming  our  faults.    

    3. Responsibility  we  are  carrying:  Our   religion   is  our   responsibility   that  we  are   carrying.   If  we   carry   it   well  it  will  lead  us  to  Paradise  and  if  we  fail  we  will  end  up  in  hell.  We  will  be  accountable  for  how  we   carry  this  responsibility.  On  the  Day  of  Judgment  the  kafireen  will  realize  their  loss.  The  Sahaba  said  the   more  they  know  about  Allah  they  more  they  feel  they  have  a  big  responsibility.  Allah  offered  the  skies,   mountains  and  the  earth  to  carry  this  responsibility  but  who  accepted  to  carry  the  Amanah?  It  was  the   human  being.    

     

  • Surah  Ar-­‐‑Rahman  (Ayah  31-­‐‑36)   •  •  •   •  •  •  

      4  

    Impact of knowing the above: The   impact  of  knowing   the  above  Ayah   is   that  we  will   always  ask   for   forgiveness   from  Allah.  The   sins   make  a  person  very  heavy.  When  we  do  good  deeds  and  we  have  no  sins  then  we  will  fly.  This  is  why  the   heaven  is  high  above  and  hell  is  lower.    

    Ayah 32  

     

    After   the   warning   Allah   tells   us   which   of   Allah’s   blessing   you   both   deny?   Surah   Ar-­‐‑Rahman   is   about   Allah’s   blessing.   How   is   warning   a   blessing   of   Allah?   This   is   because   every   warning   from   Allah   is   benefitting  us.  If  we  are  a  good  doer  then  the  warning  will  tell  us  to  increase  in  our  faith  and  to  not  rely  on   our  deed,  on  our  taqwa  or  deeds.  We  need  to  increase  our  good  deeds  and  faith.  As  long  as  we  are  in  the   life  our  objective  should  be  to  increase  our  faith.  For  the  sinner  the  warning  will  tell  him  tha