Synoptic: Bridging the Development Gap East Africa

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Synoptic: Bridging the Development Gap East Africa. Wordle of advance info whole text. Wordle of advance info edited text. East Africa: The key ideas. Development. Conflict Threats Players. Actions. Futures. East Asia: Geographical overview. Physical factors: - Relief - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Synoptic: Bridging the Development Gap

East Africa

Wordle of advance info whole text

Wordle of advance info edited text

East Africa: The key ideasDevelopment.

Conflict

Threats

Players.

Actions.

Futures.East Asia: Geographical overviewPhysical factors:- Relief- Climate- Natural resources (water / energy / food)

Human factors:- Population density- HDI- Colonial legacy and political allies / groupings- Development- Population structure / change- Agriculture

Physical factors: Relief, water and tectonicsMuch of E.Africas western interior is highland, but wet and fertile> Tectonics/ horst and graben/ volcanic activity> High population densityNot many of the regions rivers/lakes connect the coast to its interior> Barrier to development?> Expensive to create/use land linksE.African coast is low but dry> Low population densityPhysical factors: Tectonicshttp://geology.com/articles/east-africa-rift.shtml

E. African Rift:Early stage constructive (divergent) plate boundaryContinental plate being thinned by mantle plumeHorst and graben topography> fertile valleys from basalt eruptions and erosion of valley sides with wet highlands)Leads to wide altitudinal range > biodiversityPhysical factors: Climatehttp://www.grida.no/publications/other/aeo/?src=/aeo/032.htmhttp://en.climate-data.org/location/541/

What broad summary can you make about rainfall levels in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania?

Physical factors: Climate and ITCZhttp://www.nature.com/ncomms/journal/v4/n5/fig_tab/ncomms2897_F2.htmlPhysical factors: Climate zones and food

http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/students/curriculum/m19/activity2.phpWhat is the link between climate, food production, population density and natural hazards in the region?Physical factors: Climate zones and food

http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/j8227e/j8227e06.htm#TopOfPageWhat is the link between climate, food production, population density and natural hazards in the region?Physical factors: Energy resourceshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/interactive/2012/jun/14/bp-world-energy-statistics-production-consumption-reserves

http://www.eia.gov/countries/regions-topics.cfm?fips=eeaePhysical factors: Energy resourceshttp://www.businessdailyafrica.com/Corporate-News/Kenya-targets-green-energy-invests-in-geothermal-production-/-/539550/1474724/-/14j1594z/-/index.htmlKenyaTanzaniaUgandaThermal (Oil, coal, gas)22%11%1%Hydro6%1%-Geothermal1%--Wind0.5%--Biomass (Wood, Charcoal etc.)70%88%99%

Physical factors: Water resources

http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtmlHuman factors: Population densityhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/core/lw/2.0/html/tileshop_pmc/tileshop_pmc_inline.html?title=Click%20on%20image%20to%20zoom&p=PMC3&id=3283664_pone.0031743.g001.jpg

Average pop. densities:

Kenya: 69 people/km2Tanzania: 46 people/km2Uganda: 136 people/km2Human factors: Development contrasts (HDI)

Human factors: Colonial legacy

Human factors: Cold War allegiances

Further research and definitions of Cold War / WWII:http://www.history.com/topics/cold-warhttp://www.history.com/topics/world-war-iiThemes/ideas: Sustainable development

Sustainable developmentEnvironmental safeguarding/ improvementEconomic needsSocial needsDevelopment: Rostows model

Development: Franks dependency theoryhttp://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2012/oct/22/resource-extraction-colonialism-legacy-poor-countries

Development: Myrdal and cumulative causation

Topic map of overall themeDevelopment Gap: East AfricaFuturesPhysical / human featuresPlayersActionsIssuesEnergyRiftTopic map of overall themeDevelopment Gap:East AfricaFuturesFeatures/ CharacteristicsPlayersActionsIssuesPhysical featuresWaterConflictClimateHuman featuresIGOsTNCsLocalPopulationRegionalGlobalHIPCAidUrbanisationDevelopmentTrade blocsHow can I be synoptic?Use of broad geographical themesLinks to areas of AS and A2 courseUse new information from researchParallel examplesGlobalisationInequalityUpdatesMercosur/CaricomEast AfricaUse of broad geographical themesUse new information from researchParallel examplesAral SeaSustainabilityGoing GlobalWater ConflictLinks to areas of AS and A2 courseEnergy SecurityStatisticsR.NileGeopoliticsSuperpowersTech FixN.AfricaBiodiversityClimate changeSand damsNabuccoParallel examplesGeopolitical tension/conflict over resources (development + water):> Aral Sea> Nile

Regional inequalities and conflicts (link to weak governance):> Middle East> N.Africa (Maghreb)

Trade blocs> Mercosur> Caricom

Major infrastructure project (top-down)> Nabucco pipelineFurther research / updatesUN / World Bank classification of countries as HIC, MIC, LIC etc..www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/wesp_current/2012country_class.pdfwww.data.worldbank.org

UN OCHA country info:http://www.unocha.org/eastern-africa/about-us/about-ocha-eastern-africa/kenya

UN Millennium Development Goals:http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/http://www.mdgtrack.org/index.php?tab=c&c=KEN

World Bank data on the countries:http://data.worldbank.org/country/tanzania

HIPC factsheet (IMF with good links to other sites):https://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/facts/hipc.htm

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTDEBTDEPT/0,,contentMDK:20260411~menuPK:528655~pagePK:64166689~piPK:64166646~theSitePK:469043,00.html

Further research / updatesPopulation growth:http://www.prb.org/Publications/Datasheets/2013/2013-world-population-data-sheet/world-map.aspx#map/world/population/2013http://ilri.org/infoserv/Webpub/fulldocs/Critical/resource.htm

Somalia 2010 (drought/conflict/refugees):http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-22380352http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/DR-2011-000029-KEN_0720.pdfhttp://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/view.php?id=51411

Malaria:Page from EAC (East African Community) websitehttp://www.eac.int/health/index.php?option=com_content&id=95%3Amalaria-prevention-and-control&Itemid=32http://environmentalresearchweb.org/cws/article/news/56351

Africa outlook:http://www.grida.no/publications/other/aeo/Further research / updatesEAF and background:http://www.monitor.co.ug/OpEd/Commentary/Can-the-East-African-federation-beat-history-/-/689364/2056238/-/t9jtk1z/-/index.hamlet

Conflict over Lake Victoria:http://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2011-08-19-uganda-and-kenya-primed-to-draw-arms-over-tiny-lake-victoria-island/#.U47g0l7iltE

Chinese investment:New railway in Kenyahttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-27368877

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/interactive/2013/apr/29/china-commits-billions-aid-africa-interactive

Imports/exports:http://atlas.media.mit.edu/explore/tree_map/hs/export/tza/all/show/2010/Further research /notable gapsNGOs / Appropriate technology/ sustainable development - Sand dams:http://www.excellentdevelopment.com/articles/people-amp-communities/sand-dams-explained-in-film

Role of TNCs in development Camellia plc / tea plantations:http://www.camellia.plc.uk/our-customers/tea

Tourism and link to development/environment:Kenya (safari and marine) e.g. Masai Mara (safari) and coastal tourism)http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/dec/12/tourism-turtles-kenya-populationhttp://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/where_we_work/east_african_coast/Uganda (Gorillas)http://www.albertinerift.org/Wildlife/Apes/MountainGorillas.aspxhttp://www.grida.no/graphicslib/detail/economic-impacts-of-gorilla-tourism-in-uganda_b996Tanzania (Kilimanjaro, Udzungwa NP) http://www.tanzaniaparks.comUdzungwa:http://www.udzungwa.org/default.asp?pagesID=1 (home)http://www.udzungwa.org/default.asp?pagesID=47 (info on management)Ngorongoro: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/39http://www.craterlodge.comSome ideas for questions #1Explain the variations in current levels of development in East Africa.

Explain how the physical, economic and political factors of the region have limited development to date.

Examine the factors that have led to uneven development in the region of East Africa.

Account for the recent changes in levels of development in the East African region.

Examine the factors that have led geopolitical tension in East Africa.

Evaluate the contribution that globalisation has made to development and quality of life in East Africa.

To what extent will trade be important in the development of the East Africa region?

To what extent does political tension threaten the future development of East Africa?

continued on the next slide.Some ideas for questions #2Assess the severity of potential sources of conflict in East Africa in future.

To what extent is conflict in East Africa a threat to the stability and continuing development of the region?

Assess the role of governance in the past and future development of the East African region.

Evaluate the sustainability of the LAPSSET project

Examine the roles that a range of Players and Actions could take in helping East African countries to develop further.

Assess the sustainability of continued development in East Africa.

Evaluate the social, political and economic threats to further development in East Africa.