Syria Crisis - HumanitarianResponse Ashrafia, Old Al-Sarian, New Al-Sarian and Al-Neel street) of Aleppo

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    Syria Crisis

    Monthly humanitarian

    situation report




     The plight of Syrian refugees has been made more complex by the increasing

    number of conflicts across the region. The population displaced by the

    fighting around Sinjar in Iraq are increasingly using the north-east of Syria as

    a crossing route to enter the Kurdish Region of Iraq, with over 40,000

    estimated to have entered Syria to date. Furthermore recent clashes in

    Aarsal, Lebanon, have resulted in the displacement of over 820 Lebanese and

    Syrian refugee households. Informal settlements have been damaged as a

    result of shelling and many tents that provide shelter and a variety of

    activities supported by UNICEF have been destroyed.

     In Lebanon, during the Nutrition Screening Campaign from 21 May to 20

    June, 16,531 Syrian refugee children aged 6-59 months were screened for

    malnutrition. Of this group 77 cases were diagnosed as Moderate Acute

    Malnutrition and 25 cases as Severe Acute Malnutrition without

    complications. These children all received treatment.

     Despite the increasing complexity of the crisis in Syria and the region UNICEF

    Syria remains with a 57 per cent funding gap at mid-August 2014. The largest

    funding gap remains for the WASH programme which remains 32 per cent

    funded in Syria.

    In Syria 5,090,000 # of children in need

    10,803,500 # 0f people in need (SHARP, July 2014)

    Outside Syria 1,518,749 # of registered refugee children and children awaiting registration

    2,966,798 # of registered refugees and persons awaiting registration (15 August 2014)

    UNICEF Funding Appeals Syria Appeal 2014* US$ 193.79 million

    Regional Appeal 2014* US$ 570.28 million *January – December 2014 following the Mid-Year Review.

    54% gap

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    Syria Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs Humanitarian needs are growing immensely in north-east Syria, particularly in Al- Hassakeh governorate, as a result of increased violence and insecurity in Iraq as well as escalated fighting inside the governorate. Since August 7, an estimated 40,000 Iraqi refugees, mainly Yazidis from Sinjar mountain areas of Ninewa province, have crossed into Syria many of whom have re-entered north Iraq. There are 5,000 to 10,000 people expected to arrive on a daily basis in Syria. A transit camp for the families crossing was established by the Syrian Kurdish Relief Committee close to the border with north Iraq, currently hosting 1,700 families. The families are in need for urgent WASH, food, health services, shelter, NFIs, and clothes assistance. In addition, recent fighting on the Iraqi border, around Rabe’a, led to the displacement of over 1,500 families from Yaroubia in Syrian to neighbouring villages. Recent attempts by Armed Opposition Groups (AOG) to take Al-Hassakeh city triggered fear and prompted families in the city and surrounding areas to move to Qamishli and other safe areas. Increased insecurity due to advances by extremist groups in Al-Raqqa and Deir ez-Zour governorates is limiting humanitarian access. In Deir ez-Zour displacement is increasing especially in the east with recent fighting between AOGs and tribal groups. Aleppo remains tense with increased fighting between AOGs and Government forces, constraining the humanitarian response, particularly in east of the city. Three UNICEF humanitarian convoys for rural Aleppo and the east of the city, targeting 60,000 people, have been approved by the Governor, awaiting Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) approval. In the reporting period, heavy fighting in Hamdania, south west of Aleppo city which hosts two large IDP settlements, limited humanitarian access to the area. It is estimated that 150,000 IDPs are hosted in Hamadnia neighbourhood and 25,000 IDPs live in collective shelters.

    Humanitarian leadership and coordination The UN estimates that close to 4.67 million people, of whom up to one million are children, live in hard to reach areas where the humanitarian situation is reportedly deteriorating. UNICEF and partners have devised a comprehensive strategy to provide humanitarian assistance, including through inter-agency cross line convoys. During the reporting period, outreach to cross-line locations has slowed down due to impediments related to the deteriorating security situation, advances made by extremist groups, mainly in north-eastern governorates, and as a consequence of new administrative procedures for authorization of humanitarian convoys out of the field hubs. As a result, of the 5 requests submitted for cross line missions during the reporting period, only Moadamyeh, in Rural Damascus proceeded, where there is a truce agreement between the GoS and AOGs. The mission from 14-21 July delivered assistance for 20,000 people under opposition control in Moadamyeh, and 10,000 people in the government controlled eastern and northern parts of Moadamyeh. UNICEF supplies included 750 new born kits for children, 750 super cereal bags, and 60,000 bars of soap. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) deployed two mobile clinics which provided basic consultations to more than 2,500 people. In addition, on 16 July, at least 1,000 doses of vaccines (including polio and routine immunization) were provided. UNICEF staff also participated in a joint UN mission to Malkiyeh, in Hassakeh, on 12 August to provide immediate response to the refugees arriving from Iraq. The first batch of UNICEF assistance included 1,000 cartons of High Energy Biscuits for 5,000 people, 50,000 bars of soap for 25,000 individuals, 1,100 children’s clothes-sets. Preparations are underway to respond to pressing WASH needs, polio immunization for children under-five and to dispatch additional life-saving supplies, including airlifting additional critical supplies to Qamishli to provide emergency preparedness for up to 50,000 refugees and internally displaced. Sector Coordination and Leadership The UNICEF led Education Sector has rolled out sub-national sector coordination in Hassakeh Governorate chaired by the Directorate of Education and co-chaired by UNICEF. In the previous months, the Sector has rolled out sub-national sector coordination in Tartous and Homs. These coordination mechanisms will further strengthen system-wide preparedness and technical capacity. The Sector is facilitating preparation of the Back to Learning initiative by mapping partner presence in hard to reach areas. Coordination efforts through the UNICEF-led Nutrition Sector were focused on strengthening national community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) through development of guidelines and a working strategy to guide the 10 current partners in the implementation of standardized CMAM. In addition, the Nutrition Sector have received all the data for the nutrition assessment including from Hassakh and Raqqa governorates, which were delayed due to communication challenges. The data is being processed and preliminary results are expected to be released by end of August.

    The WASH sector continue to provide leadership in response to the water crisis in Aleppo caused by the breakdown of main pumping station in Suleiman al Halabi city in June 2014. As of 9th August the pumping station maintained its 30% efficiency through supply of diesel as the power cables need to be restored again. Sector partners have rehabilitated over 30 wells in the western part of the city producing over 12 million litres of drinking water per day, with additional wells not connected to the main network. An estimated, 700,000 people in Aleppo city are not able to meet their daily water needs. To provide an adequate response to the emergency

    Estimated Affected Population * OCHA 2014. The remaining figures are calculated on CBS 2011 demographic distribution and UNOHCHR figures - estimate 46% of population are children under 18 years old

    Total Affected Population* 10,803,500

    Children Affected (Under 18) 5,090,000 Total Displaced Population * 6,455,000

    Children Displaced 3,030,00

    People in hard to reach areas 4.67 million

    People in besieged areas 255,000

    Children in hard to reach areas Up to 1 million

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    requirement for Aleppo, 50 million litres per day is required. Fulfilling this requirement will need substantial resources and additional partners to reach the targets on a sustainable manner. The sector, through its partners, is expanding the contingency plan to ensure adequate drinking water for residents of west and eastern Aleppo is produced and equally distributed. In addition, to respond to the growing needs of WASH in Hassakeh due to the recent increased displacements in the governorate, UNICEF is conducting an assessment to address identified needs.

    Humanitarian Strategy UNICEF continued to scale-up life-saving interventions, with particular focus on routine vac