Click here to load reader

TACTICS OF RULE Indian Voices from the 1857 Rebellion Section III Part 3

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of TACTICS OF RULE Indian Voices from the 1857 Rebellion Section III Part 3

  • Slide 1

TACTICS OF RULE Indian Voices from the 1857 Rebellion Section III Part 3 Slide 2 Coohills Article The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a vastly important event in the history of the British Empire. Because history is written by the victors, few ______________ accounts of the rebellion are extant. To gain insight into the Indian consciousness during the rebellion, ____________________dives into the writings of Sita Ram, Vishnubhat Godse, and Pandurang Mahipat Belsare Slide 3 JOSEPH COOHILL Assistant Professor of History at Duquesne University co-editor of India, Britain and the Rebellion of 1857 _______________worked as the other co-editor of this forthcoming work Sumit Guha translated the extracts from Vishnubhat Godse and Pandurang Mahipat Belsare in this article Slide 4 The Indian Rebellion The Indian Rebellion constitutes one of the most important events in the history of the British Empire also called the Indian____________ Indian soldiers in the East India Companys ___________army revolted against their officers captured and killed civilians, almost overthrowing British rule in_____________India in the process Slide 5 Indian Voices PERSPECTIVES Indian .few and far between Perspectives from Britons and Europeans abound As the adage goes, history is written by the victors The Indian accounts that do survive give great perspective on the rebellion reveal the _____________ of rebels armies as well as their fighting ________________ Many Indians experienced great personal difficulties in remaining _____________ to the British reveal the importance of ____________ communication and rumor throughout the Indian Rebellion Surviving accounts are incredibly personal, detailing narrators personal experiences Very few comments regarding the wider rebellion and its legacy exist in these accounts Some native conceptions of British rule in India do seep through A couple accounts state the involvement of the British government and Parliament in creating the conditions that led to rebellion Slide 6 THE RISING Slide 7 MANGAL PANDEY Slide 8 TIMELINE Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Causes of the rebellion One often-cited cause of the Indian Rebellion is the implementation of new ___________________ Many sepoys believed that ______________________greased these new cartridges Sepoys needed to bite open these cartridges They would thus come into direct contact with pig and cow grease Muslims and Hindus, respectively, found this action offensive The rifle cartridges merely served as a _________________ for grievances that lay just under the surface The Indian infantrymen of the East India Company saw their ______and _________ decline in the years before the Indian Rebellion British officers in the 1840s in the Company army did not grant the ______________and sympathy that previous generations had done Slide 13 Lord ________ introduced the Doctrine of ________ to the East India Company Governor General of India from 18____ to 18____ The doctrine allowed the East India Company to extend its control if a native ruler died without a _____________heir The company determined the legitimacy of heirs Indian tradition maintained that ______________ children maintained the same inheritance rights as birth children The British East India Company did not recognize adopted heirs The application of the Doctrine of Lapse in_______was the straw that broke the camels back The seizure of the rich and historic Oudh constituted a cultural ________________ Slide 14 INDIAN DISCONTENT The sepoys grievance reflected a greater discontent present throughout urban and rural _________ This dissatisfaction prompted the rapid spread of the Indian Rebellion throughout India Slide 15 Sita Ram Sita Ram served as a sepoy in the Bengal army Ram remained loyal to the British throughout 1857 and 1858 In 18_____, the soldier wrote down his experiences through the Indian Rebellion This account provides the strongest opinion about the causes of mutiny Ram stated that the 18____ annexation of ______caused widespread discontent with the British He argues that the greased rifle cartridges were_______the primary cause Ram did acknowledge the quickness with which the cartridge story spread Slide 16 DemiTranslation The British East India Companys seizure of Oudh caused the sepoys to plot the Indian Rebellion. The unjust display of British imperial power over a traditional northern Indian kingdom unsettled many Indians, especially those with social and economic ties to the region. The rumor of greased rifle cartridges only reached sepoys after news of ______s seizure had already enraged them. Slide 17 DemiTranslation The Sirkar coincidentally sent groups of men from each regiment into different garrisons for instructions on how to use the new rifle. These men performed this drill until a report surfaced that the new rifle cartridges used cow and pig fat for grease. The men in our regiment wrote letters containing these facts to the rest of us. Soon, every regiment had heard about the news. Men pointed out that the Sirkar had never insulted our religion in forty years. The sepoys, however, still had the seizure of Oudh on their minds. Some soldiers pointed out that the English strived to turn us all into _________________. These men asserted that the British instituted the greased cartridge in order to make this conversion happen. Both Muslims and Hindus experienced ______________ by using the new rifle cartridges. Slide 18 Vishnubhat Godse Vishnubhat Godse travelled throughout northern India in 18_____ This young ____________ priest observed many important events and held discussions with countless people including native soldiers Godse met two soldiers near ____ in late February or early March 1857 Mau is located in modern-day __________________ Godses 18____recounting of this event grants scholars insight into the early turnouts of a rebellion The rifle cartridge rumors only inflamed tensions followed the seizure of Oudh These soldiers remained convinced that ____________________ itself sanctioned the greased cartridges Parliamentary debate did not actually exist on the greased rifle cartridges prior to the Indian Rebellion The belief of a British-conceived forced conversion perpetuated itself in the army Slide 19 DemiTranslation We stopped to eat and rest for the night at a settlement just three marches from a camp at Mau. No travelers were present at the settlement, but two soldiers were. These men were returning home via ________ (Bombay). A few of us went to sit by the soldiers and chew betel. We talked about all kinds of topics, and the soldiers became quite friendly. The soldiers eventually told us that a revolution would occur in just three days. Killing and looting would inevitably result from the revolution. The soldiers warned us to return home, and we asked them to tell us exactly the news they had received. Slide 20 DemiTranslation The older of the two soldiers began to explain the events to us. He said, The British have previously governed well, but they have recently become ______________. Four or five months ago they sent us wonderful English guns. These guns pleased soldiers, for they used bullets the size of ___________ fruit and the balls flew 200 more paces than the old muskets. New guns and ammunition were distributed through Hindusthan. New cartridges, however, had to be bitten open. An ammunition factory has been opened at _____________(or Dum Dum) just four kosa from Calcutta in Hindusthan. One day, a ________ was taking water from a pond when a _______________a street- sweeper) approached the priest, asking to borrow his water-jug to drink. The Brahman soldier did not allow the Cambhar to drink, as the Brahman stated the water would become polluted. The Cambhar then instructed the Brahman to not talk so highly about caste superiority. The Cambhar explained that he greased the new rifles cartridges with cow and pig fat himself. The Cambhar asked, What remains of your supposed purity when you open these cartridges with your teeth? Who needs the sham of purity in this situation? The Cambhar and Brahman then began fighting. Many people, including soldiers, gathered around and heard all of these events. _____________soon spread that the new cartridges went against traditional religion. Slide 21 Pandurang Mahipat Belsare Pandurang Mahipat Belsare found himself in a difficult position in early 1857 Pandurangs family lived well prior to 18______ The British government took over the estate on which his family had worked for generations in this year By 1857, the ___-year-old Pandurang realized that all business ventures he had attempted with his brothers had failed Pandurang sought adventure outside of his native _______ His father would not grant him permission to leave Pandurang secretly left with a cousin from a nearby village Pandurang wrote a memoir in _________ This record gives accounts of life in the Indian rebel army Slide 22 Pandurang Mahipat Belsare Pandurang and his cousin were immediately taken before _________ Tope worked as a rebel leader under __________________ Most scholars consider Tope as the genius who kept the Indian Rebellion growing Pandurang and his cousin saw major action near __________in modern-day ____________ In his memoir, Pandurang demonstrates the____________of battle Rebels often had struggles in the __________________and effective use of their army Rebel armies often handily defeated troops of the East India Company Tales of ___________ and disorganization often appear, however, in Pandurangs memoir Slide 23 More tales from the Indian Rebellion _____________echoes the sentiments of Pandurang Ram was captured by rebel forces and witnessed many of their battles Rebels had to endure strenuous conditions during long campaigns This loss of ____________partially contributed to the victory of the British East India Company After only a br

Search related