Tata Letak Fasilitas - Letak Pabrik dan Pemindahan Bahan. Surabaya: Guna Widya. Introduction . ... Perencanaan Fasilitas: Dinamis . Perencanaan Fasilitas Facilities Planning

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  • Tata Letak Fasilitas

  • Kontrak Perkuliahan

    Pertemuan & Materi

    Penilaian

    Referensi

    RPKPS

    Short quiz & Tugas (30%)

    Quiz 1 & 2 (40%)

    UAS (30%)

    Heragu, S. (2008). Facilities Design (3rd Ed.). CRC Press.

    Tompkins, White, Bozer and Tanchoco. (2010). Facilities Planning (4th

    Ed.). New York: Wiley.

    Wignjosoebroto, S. (1996). Tata Letak Pabrik dan Pemindahan

    Bahan. Surabaya: Guna Widya.

    ../RPKPS TLF.docx

  • Introduction

  • FASILITAS

    Definisi Fasilitas: ...... ???

  • Aplikasi Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Manufacturing

    Healthcare

    Service

    Restaurants

    Banks

    Airports

    Entertainment

    Logistics and

    Distribution

    Ports/Terminals

    Distribution Centers

  • Specify/update primary and related activities to accomplish objectives

    Determine space requirements for all activities

    Determine facility location

    Whats the feasibility of

    incorporating the new operation or facility on

    existing site?

    Develop alternative plans and evaluate

    Select facilities plan

    Implement plan

    Maintain and continuosly improve

    feasible

    Not

    feasible

    Figure 1. Continous improvement

    facilities planning cycle

    (Tompkins, 2010)

    Perencanaan Fasilitas: Dinamis

  • Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Facilities Planning

    Facilities Design Facilities Location

    Facilities

    System Layout

    Design

    Handling System

    Design

  • Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Keilmuan yang terlibat:

    Engineering: Sipil, Elektro, Industri, dan Mesin,

    Arsitek, Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota

    Lainnya: Konsultan, Manajerial, Broker

  • www.aeunike.lecture.ub.ac.id

    Manufacturing facilities planning

    Plant location

    Plant design

    Plant facility system

    Plant Layout

    Material Handling

    Office facilities planning

    Office location

    Office design

    Office facility system

    Office Layout

    Information Handling

    Hospital facilities planning

    Hospital location

    Hospital design

    Hospital facility system

    Hospital Layout

    Patient handling

    Physician handling

    Personnel handling

    Public handling

    Information handling

    Material handling

    Emergency room

    planning

    Emergency room

    location

    Emergency room design

    Emergency facility system

    Emergency room Layout

    Patient handling

    Physician handling

    Personnel handling

    Information handling

    Material handling

  • Pentingnya Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Dapat dipahami melalui pertanyaan-

    pertanyaan:

    Apa dampak PF pada biaya MH dan perawatan?

    Apa dampak PF pada kinerja tenaga kerja, dan

    dampak kinerja pada biaya operasional?

    Dimana mayoritas investasi dari suatu perusahaan,

    dan bagaimana tingkat pengubahan modal tersebut

    setelah diinvestasikan?

    Apa dampak PF pada manajemen?

    Apa dampak PF kemampuan fasilitas beradaptasi

    pada perubahan dan permintaan di masa akan

    datang

  • Tujuan Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Tujuan Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Meningkatkan kepuasan konsumen

    Meningkatkan return of assets (ROA)

    Memaksimalkan kecepatan respon terhadap permintaan konsumen

    Menurunkan biaya dan meningkatkan keuntung SC

    Integrasi SC melalui kemitraan dan komunikasi

    Mendukung visi organisasi

    Efektivitas utilisasi SDM, peralatan, ruang, dan energi

    Memaksimalkan ROI

    Mudah beradaptasi proses bisnis dan mempernudah proses perwatan

    Mengutamakan keselamatan pekerja dan kepuasan kerja

  • Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Perencanaan Fasilitas yang buruk dapat

    berdampak pada:

    Kualitas produk rendah

    Moral pegawai rendah

    Ketidakpuasan konsumen

  • Proses Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Proses PF dapat diselesaikan dengan

    pendekatan organisasi dan sistem

    Dapat menggunakan Engineering Design

    Process:

    Define the problem

    Analyze the problem

    Generate alternative designs

    Evaluate the alternatives

    Select the preferred design

    Implement the design

  • Sistematika Perancangan Fasilitas

  • Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Hirarki Umum / Manufaktur:

  • Hirarki Rumah Sakit:

    Perencanaan Fasilitas

  • Perencanaan Fasilitas

    Kunci Sukses

    Figure 2. The model of

    success Winning Circle

    (Tompkins, 2010)

  • Strategic Facilities Plan:

    Issues may have a long-range impact on the strategic facilities plan:

    Number, location, and sizes of warehouses and/or distribution centers

    Centralized versus decentralized storage of supplies, raw materials, work-in-

    process, and finished goods for single and multibuilding sites, as well as single

    and multisite companies

    Acquisition of existing facilities versus design of modern factories and

    distribution centers of the future

    Flexibility required because of market and technological uncertainties

    Interface between storage and manufacturing

    Level of vertical integration, including subcontract versus manufacture

    decisions

    Control systems, including material control and equipment control, as well as

    level of distributed processing

    Movement of material between buildings and between sites, both inbound and

    outbound

    Changes in customers and suppliers technology as well as a firms own

    manufacturing technology and material movement, protection, storage, and

    control technology

    Design-to-cost goals for facilities

  • TUGAS

    Berikan contoh perencanaan fasilitas yang

    tidak tepat. Jelaskan!

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