Teaching and learning new literaciesBEd (Lang Ed) Year 4Session 2: New literacies concepts
Conceptions of literacyAutonomous model (Street 1995)
Literacy as a uniform set of linguistic skills grounded in psycholinguistic, cognitive theories which focus on the ability to decode, encode, comprehend and produce texts in the written language
Literacy as a social practice, shaped by social interaction and enacted between people in particular social, cultural, political and historical contexts (Barton, Hamilton, & Ivanic, 2000; Gee, 2008; Heath 1983; Street, 1995)
Literacy as a social practiceHow is literacy a social practice in these events?
birthdayshopping in Park n Shoptutorial school lesson or a private music lesson
Consider these in terms of: social contexts, social goals, social relationships, cultural beliefs, social institutions and social change
Capital D DiscoursesLiteracy is embedded in Discourses, socially recognised ways of using language, thinking and acting in the world (Gee, 2008)Literacy vs LiteraciesSocial identities mother, parent, wife, teacher educator, employer, manager, English teacher, teaching consultant, HKU PhD student, shopper, customer, patient, friend, sister, aunt, musician, cook, neighbor, New Yorker, American, Chinese, ABC, HK resident,
Multiliteracies (New London Group 2000)The rapid transformation of work and everyday life as a result of globalization, fast capitalism and technology (Gee, Hull, & Lankshear, 1996)Multiplicity of communication channels and media as a result of new technologyIncreasing cultural and linguistic diversity as a result of globalisation and new technologiesThe need to rethink and re-envision literacy education for the 21st century.
Participatory culture (Jenkins, 2006)
Affiliations: memberships in online communities centred around various media
Expressions: producing new creative forms
Collaborative problem-solving: working together in teams to develop new knowledge and complete tasks
Circulations: shaping the flow of information and media
Web 2.0 mindsetafter Lankshear and Knobel, 2006:38 and 60
Semiotic resources: meaning making resources
Mindset 1 or 2?Reading a famous novel onlineContributing to urbandictionary.comPlaying a massively multiplayer online roleplaying game (MMORPG), like Kingdomofloathing.comDownloading and reading scanned articles from moodle assigned by your tutor Blogging about a hobby or interest you have and reading others blogsWatching a reality TV show like Survivor and voting a participant off the shoScanning a handwritten and self-illustrated story and posting it onlineOrganising your birthday party via FacebookContributing a book review to Amazon.comSetting this task for your F1 students: Write me an email of 250 words telling me what you think about school uniforms.
New literacies and English language learnersEnglish is implicated in new and emerging technoscapes, mediascapes (Appadurai, 1996) that characterise transcultural global flows (Pennycook, 2007) Youths out-of-school text experiences and literacy practices are saturated with popular cultural, digital and media texts (Evans, 2005; Dyson, 2003, and others)
Why new literacies in education? The digital divide between home & school
Why new literacies in education?We want English language learners tointerpret, use, and create textsin multimodal representational formsfor a range of purposes in socially and culturally diverse contextsin informed and socially responsible ways (Anstey and Bull 2006)
Are you a fan?Whats your favouriteTV show?Movie?Novel?Cartoon?Character?What fan practices do you engage in?
Star Wars? Obi-Wan has been sent on a mission to apprehend a dangerous man from his past, leaving Anakin behind at the temple. When Anakin suspects that things are not right and goes in search of his Master, things take a turn for the worst. Imprisoned and tortured, the question arises: to what lengths will Anakin go to save his Master's life? And will Obi-Wan's life come at the cost of Anakin's soul?
Chapter 1: It had been six years since the Naboo incident. Thats what people were calling it now, an incident. It wasnt referred to as a war; most wouldnt even admit that it was a battle.It was just an incident.Perhaps that is what bothered Obi-Wan Kenobi the most, hearing that dreadful thing referred to only as an incident, not even important enough to be determined a conflict.In the years that had followed, a pattern had developed for Jedi Master Kenobi. During the day he trained his Padawan, another one of the results of that fateful day, and during the night he dreamt of the past. Not even in his sleep could the Jedi Master escape the terrors of Naboo that plagued his mind. He dreamt of other things too; people long past dead, most of whom would gladly die again to exact their revenge on the young man.
Fan fictionin-canon writing alternative universe storiescross-overs relationshipper narrativesself-insertfan manga & fan anime - remixing words & graphics
Affinity spaces (Gee, 2005)
Specially designed spaces (physical & virtual) constructed to resource people who are tied togetherby a shared interest or endeavour Online communitiesAge, gender, race, socioeconomic status are invisibleInformal learning
ActivityExplore and write fan fiction
Username: literaciesPassword: 0810project
HomeworkReadingChapter 1 Sampling the New in New LiteraciesChapter 6 Digital design: English language learners and reader reviews in online fiction. In M. Knobel & C. Lankshear (Eds.) (2007). A New Literacies Sampler, New York: Peter Lang.
Read each others fan fiction stories and comment/reply to comments, contribute to discussion board
ReferencesAnstey, M., & Bull, G. (2006). Teaching and learning multiliteracies: Changing times, changing literacies. Newark, DE: International Reading Association.Barton, D., Hamilton, M., & Ivanic, R. (Eds.). (2000). Situated literacies: Reading and writing in context. London: Routledge.Gee, J. P. (2008). Social linguistics and literacies: Ideology in discourses (Third ed.). New York: Routledge.Gee, J. (2005). Semiotic social spaces and affinity spaces Beyond communities of practice: Language, power and social context (pp. 214-232).Gee, J. P., Hull, G., & Lankshear, C. (1996). The new work order. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen and Unwin.Jenkins, H. (2006). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st century. Chicago: The John D. And Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.Lankshear, C., & Knobel, M. (2006). New literacies: Everyday practices and classroom learning (2nd ed.). Buckingham: Open University Press.New London Group. (2000). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. In B. Cope & M. Kalantzis (Eds.), Multiliteracies: Literacy learning and the design of social futures. New York: Routledge.Street, B. (1995). Social literacies: Critical approaches to literacy in development, ethnography and education. Harlow: Longman.
So is meant by new literacies? The concept of new literacies has grown out of sociocultural approaches to literacy. The social anthropologist, Brian Street, has proposed two notions literacy: an autonomous model , which views literacy as an individual psychological process of reading and writing. This model views literacy as a neutral, unified set of cognitive skills that can be applied across all contexts. This is the dominant conception of literacy in school. By contrast, and opposed to this rather decontextualised view of literacy is an ideological model of literacy which views literacy as a social practice, situated in social, cultural, political and historical contexts of use. It is the second model that I adopt in this study. The ways people use and create texts in their lives are social acts, they take place social contexts, to accomplish social goals, and are therefore intimately bound up in identities and social relations.
[And so literacy practices both shape and are shaped by the social world.]