Team-Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS)

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Team-Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS). Rob Horner, Steve Newton, & Anne Todd University of Oregon Bob Algozzine & Kate Algozzine University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Workshop Objectives. Identify problems in terms of differences between - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Rob Horner, Steve Newton, & Anne ToddUniversity of Oregon

    Bob Algozzine & Kate AlgozzineUniversity of North Carolina at Charlotte

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Workshop ObjectivesIdentify problems in terms of differences betweenYour schools average Major ODRs/ Minors per school day per month and the national averageYour schools average Major ODRs/ Minors per school day per month for this year and for corresponding months of the previous yearA desirable trend and an undesirable trend Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Workshop ObjectivesDefine and clarify problems using SWIS data (ODRs by problem behavior, time, location, & student)Determine what SWIS Custom Reports are needed to confirm/disconfirm your inferencesWrite a precise problem statement that incorporates information about what, when, where, & whoNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Workshop ObjectivesDevelop a hypothesis about why problem is occurring, & write hypothesis statement on P-S Action Plan Discuss and select solutions to problem, & write solution actions on P-S Action PlanNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Workshop ObjectivesWrite P-S Action Plan items for team-identified problems, including measurable GoalsCalculate baseline & solution rates for problemsMonitor progress atCompleting tasks listed in Meeting MinutesSolving problems listed in P-S Action PlanNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Themes & AssumptionsDecision making is aided by access to data (data-based decision making- DBDM)PBIS Team meetings are a major context for DBDMProviding instruction on how to embed DBDM in a problem-solving model (TIPS) will result in problem solving that is ThoroughLogicalEfficientEffectiveStructure of meetings lays foundation for efficiency and effectiveness

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Identify Problems

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • John Gardner

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • People arent tired from solving problems theyre are tired from solving the same problem over and over.

  • Collect and UseData

    DevelopHypothesisDiscuss andSelectSolutions

    Develop andImplementAction Plan

    Evaluate andReviseAction Plan.

    Problem Solving Meeting FoundationsTeam Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) ModelIdentify Problems

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Organizing Discipline Referral (SWIS)Data for Decision-makingUniversal Screening ToolProportion of students with 0-1 Office Discipline Referrals (ODRs)2-5 ODRs6+ ODRsProgress Monitoring Tool Compare data across timePrevent previous problem patterns Define Problems with precision that lead to solvable problemsNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Using the Referrals by Student report as a Universal Screening ToolNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Cumulative Mean ODRsCumulative Mean ODRs Per Month for 325+ Elementary Schools 08-09

  • ~80% of Students~15% ~5%

    0-1 office discipline referral6+ office discipline referrals

    2-5 office discipline referrals

    Using office discipline referrals as a metric for universal screening of student social behaviorNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Using ODRs to Identify ProblemsBuild a picture for the pattern of office referrals in your school.

    Compare the picture with a national average

    Compare the picture with previous years

    Compare the picture with social standards of faculty, families, students.Goal

    Identify problems empiricallyIdentify problems earlyIdentify problems in a manner that leads to problem solving not just whining Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Problems & Problem SolvingPBIS Teams focus on social and academic problemsProblem Difference between expected/desired student behavior & current student behaviorProblem identification - Finding a difference & making decision about whether it is significant enough to require team action nowProblem solving Figuring out how to eliminate or reduce difference Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Total Office Discipline ReferralsTotal Office Discipline Referrals as of January 10Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • What do you think?

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • SWIS summary 2008-2009 (Majors Only)3,410 schools; 1,737,432 students; 1,500,770 ODRsNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Grade RangeNumber of SchoolsAvg. Enrollment per schoolNational Avg. for Major ODRs per 100 students, per school dayK-62,162450.34 = about 1 Major ODR every 3 school days, or about 34 every 100 days6-9602657.85 = a little less than 1 Major ODR per school day, or about 85 every 100 days9-122158871.27 = more than 1 Major ODR per school day, or about 127 every 100 daysK-(8-12)4314081.06 = about 1 Major ODR per school day, or about 106 every 100 days

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Comparing a Specific Elementary School to the National AverageNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Grade RangeNumber of SchoolsAvg. Enrollment per schoolNational Avg. for Major ODRs per 100 students, per school dayK-62,162450.34 = about 1 Major ODR every 3 school days, or about 34 every 100 daysIf your elementary school has 150 students, it has ____ times more than 100 students? (150/100 = 1.5 times more)

    So you might expect Major ODRs per school day to be about 1.5 times greater than .34 (1.5 X .34 = 0.51 ODRs per school day, for a school with 150 students)

    Now compare schools Major ODRs per school day per month against national average of 0.51 ODRs per school day per month for elementary school with 150 students. Judge whether difference is significant enough to be a problem. Lets take a look

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Elementary School with 150 StudentsCompare with National Average150 / 100 = 1.50 1.50 X .34 = .51Our school is above the national rate for ODRs for the past seven months. We have an increasing trendNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Elementary School with 450 StudentsCompare with National Average450 / 100 = 4.50 4.50 X .34 = 1.53Our school is below the national average for schools our size AND we have an increasing trend for the past seven monthsNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Phoenix Elementary enrollment: 265 265/100 = 2.65 (2.65 x .34 = .901)

    Our rates of problem behavior are above the national average for 8 of past 10 months, almost double the number from last year, and there is an increasing trend from November April

  • Now, What do you Think?Elementary School of 350 studentsCompare with national average:Elementary School350/100 = 3.5 3.5 X .34 = 1.19

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Comparing a Specific Middle School to the National AverageNewton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

    Newton, J.S., Todd, A.W., Algozzine, K, Horner, R.H. & Algozzine, B. (2009). The Team Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) Training Manual. Educational and Community Supports, University of Oregon unpublished training manual.

  • Application Activity: Absolute ValueIs there a Problem?

    Middle School of 625 students?Compare with national average:Middle School625/100 = 6.25 6.25 X .85 = 5.31 O...

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