Technological Literacy: A California Priority!

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Technological Literacy: A California Priority!. Integrating S cience, T echnology, E ngineering, and M athematics Education: Articulating A Vision and Opportunities for a California STEM Innovation and Learning Network. Ethan B. Lipton , Ph.D. Professor, Department of Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Technological Literacy:A California Priority!Ethan B. Lipton, Ph.D.Professor, Department of TechnologyCalifornia State University, Los Angeles Integrating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education:

    Articulating A Vision and Opportunities fora California STEM Innovation and Learning NetworkThe Hyatt Regency February 18-19, 2009 Sacramento, California

    Council Briefing Jan2001.ppt

  • In the California NewsFebruary 2009Aviation authorities defend safety of turboprops (Sac. Bee). . . green automobiles are here now (SF Chronicle)Steam generator for nuclear plant (LA Times)Does termite killer worsen global warming? (OC Register)Stimulus package to expand Net's reach (SF Chronicle)SoCal Edison in 1,300 megawatt solar power deal (SF Chronicle)Solar energy: Q & A with L.A. mayoral candidates (LA Times)Computerized medical records: stimulus or socialism? (Sac. Bee)

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  • Narrow Conception of TechnologyTechnology particularizedComputers and softwareWeb/InternetOther tools and toys (PDAs, cell phones, GPS, DSL, etc.)

    2002 ITEA/Gallup PollIn open-ended response, 68% choose computer as first thing that comes to mind when word technology is mentionedA distant second: electronics (4% of responses)

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  • Broad Conception of TechnologyTechnology generalized as the modification of nature to meet human needs/wantsArtifacts (i.e., the Great Engineering Achievements)Knowledge and processes (e.g., engineering design)Related infrastructure (e.g., for manufacturing, repair, maintenance)

    In this view, technology is tightly coupled to both science and engineeringScientific research contributes to technology creationTechnology facilitates much of scientific researchEngineering uses scientific knowledge, among other inputs, to create or improve technology

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  • Technology EducationTECHNOLOGICAL STUDIESTeaches about technology as a content area.Concerned with the broad spectrum of technology (How humans have designed and innovated in the natural world).Primary goal:Technological literacy for everyone.

    Educational TechnologyINFORMATION TECHNOLOGYTeaches with technology (uses technology as a tool).Primarily concerned with thefocused spectrum of information and communication technologies.Primary goal: To enhance the teachingand learning process.

    WARNINGDont Confuse Technology Education (ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE, CONTENT) with Educational Technology (DELIVERY, TEACHING STRATEGIES)

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  • LiteracyEnglish: the ability to read and write

    Numeracy: ability to reason with numbers and other mathematical concepts

    Science: individuals scientific knowledge and use of that knowledge to identify questions, to acquire new knowledge, to explain scientific phenomena

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  • Technological LiteracyThe ability to use, manage, assess, and understand technology.

    Like literacy in reading, mathematics, science,or history, the goal of technological literacyis to provide people with the tools to participate intelligently and thoughtfullyin the world around them.

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  • What is Technological Literacy (TL)?A Three-Dimensional Model

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  • Characteristics of aTechnologically Literate Person*Knowledge: basic engineering concepts (e.g., systems, constraints, trade-offs), technology and history, design, risksWays of Thinking and Acting: asks questions, seeks information, participates in decision makingCapabilities: hands-on skills, identify simple problems and design solutions, apply basic math concepts (e.g., related to probability, scale)* Technically Speaking, 2001

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  • Improved decision making about technological mattersPersonal (e.g., consumer choices)Policy making (e.g., legislation and regulation)Increased citizenship participation (aka, democracy!)Support for a modern workforceEnhancing social well-being Technological Literacy as a tool for adapting to changeWhat are the benefits?

    Council Briefing Jan2001.ppt

  • Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of TechnologyPublished in 2000 by the International Technology Education Association (ITEA)Reviewed by the National AcademiesNational Academy of Engineering (NAE)National Research Council (NRC)Modeled after NRC National Science Education Standards and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Benchmarks for Science Literacy

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  • Standards for Technological Literacy20 Standards w/ Associated Benchmarks for the study of technology (as a content field)4 Grade Bands (K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12)Developmentally AppropriateServes as an integrator and reinforces for other learning

    5 AreasNature of TechnologyTechnology and SocietyDesignAbilities for a Technical WorldThe Designed World

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  • Technology Education in the U. S.*Over 25,000+ teachers reaching 2,500,000 students Represented by the International Technology Education Association42 states use Standards for Technological Literacy (STL) at the state or local school district level40 states include technology education in their state frameworks12 States require the study of technology11 states adopted STL as their own state standards27 states have technology education curriculum guides 22 states use STL as part of their state curriculum guides

    * Dugger, W. E. (Sept. 2007). The Technology Teacher.

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  • Also Worth Noting . . . Both the AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy and the National Science Education Standards suggest science literacy has a significant technological component

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  • Why Technological Literacy Matters to Science and Science EducationThe study of technology provides context for learning in science and other subjectsPreliminary data suggest integrated Science, Math, and Technology curricula bring up test scores in Science and MathCitizens who are TL will be more likely to understand and support scientific researchScientists who are TL will be better able to anticipate and explain to the public the impact of their work

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  • Existing California ResourcesIndividual K-12 teachers, schools, school districtsPostsecondary EducationCalifornias Science, Math, Engineering and Technology Teacher EducatorsNational Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE)California Industrial and Technology Education Association (CITEA)

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  • Where does California go from here?Educate stakeholders about the importance of technological literacyAdopt state technological literacy standards for all studentsImplement strategies to include meaningful STEM learning experiences and technological literacy for all studentsIntroduce engineering design and problem-solving strategies within curriculum Infuse technology and engineering learning experiences into math and science classesInfuse math and science concepts into technology coursesProvide quality professional development to existing technology, math and science teachers (i.e., NCETE Model) Candidates are available!Prepare new technology & STEM teachers (i.e., CSULA Concept Pilot)Include assessment of technology standards in mandated state testing

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  • California State University, Los Angeles STEM Teacher Concept*

    Single Subject Credential in Industrial and Technology Education(with knowledge ofhow to effectively integrate STEM learning)

    Complete the additional math and science courses required for supplementary authorizations in math and science

    FullyCredentialedSTEM teacher+=* M. Castillo, E. Lipton

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  • For More Information:National Academy of Engineering (NAE)

    National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE)

    International Technology Education Association (ITEA)

    Journal of Technology Education

    American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Engineering K-12 Center

    Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS)

    California Industrial and Technology Education Association (CITEA)

    Council Briefing Jan2001.ppt

  • Dugger, W. E. (2007, Sept.). The Status of technology Education in the United States. In The Technology Teacher. Reston, VA: International Technology Education Association.

    International Technology Education Association. (2002). Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards. Reston, VA: International Technology Education Association.

    International Technology Education Association. (2000). Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology. Reston, VA: International Technology Education Association.

    National Academy of Engineering. (2003). Frequently Asked Questions. New York: National Academy of Engineering. NAEW-4NHME3?OpenDocument

    Lipton, E. & Scarcella, J. (2004, March.). The Future of Technology Education in California. Riverside, CA: California Industrial and Technology Education Annual Meeting.

    Pearson, G. (2004, Feb.). Technological Literacy: Its Not What You Think! Seattle, WA: American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting.

    Pearson, G. & Young, T. (Eds.). (2002). Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.Selected References

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    CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELESCollege of Engineering, Computer Science, and Technology


    Council Briefing Jan2001.ppt


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