Test on Early Christian and Byzantine art 2009

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  • 7/29/2019 Test on Early Christian and Byzantine art 2009


    AP Art History

    Mrs. Wiener

    Test on Early Christian, Byzantine and Islamic art:

    Part I. Multiple choice. Circle the best answer for each question.

    1. could be found in pagan, synagogues from antiquity and mosques.

    a) Mihrabsb) Altars

    c) Niches

    d) Domes

    2. The orant pose is meant to signify prayer and shows people with

    a) the crucified Christ

    b) Judas Iscariot

    c) Christ as a shepherdd) hands clasped

    e) hands outstretched

    3. The visual arts were popular in early Christian and Byzantine times in the form of

    a) wall paintingsb) mosaics

    c) central plan churches

    d) basilican plan churches

    4. The architects of the Hagia Sophia were

    a) Justinian and Theodorab) Saint Apollinaire and Justinianc) Anastasis and Andrei Rublyev

    d) Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus

    5. The dome of the Hagia Sophia was built

    a) the same way the Pantheon was

    b) using the pendentive system

    c) using the squinch systemd) was built using barrel vaulting

    6. are against physical representations of Christ.a) Iconoclasts

    b) Iconophiles

    c) Followers of Justiniand) Followers of Saint Apollinaire

  • 7/29/2019 Test on Early Christian and Byzantine art 2009


    7. In Early Christian art, Christ is usually depicted

    a) as a judge of mankind

    b) as a drooping figure on the crossc) as a mighty warrior

    d) as a youth, often a shepherd

    8. In Byzantine art, Christ is often depicted as

    a) as a judge of mankind

    b) as a drooping figure on the crossc) as a mighty warrior

    d) as a youth, often a shepherd

    9. The vestibule, entryway, that led into Old St. Peters is known asa) a baldacchino

    b) an atrium

    c) a narthex

    d) a transept

    10. The faithful in Islam are called to prayer five times a day froma) qiblas

    b) mihrabs

    c) mosquesd) minarets

    e) maqsuras

    11. The Mosque of Cordoba was built over the centuries.a) 7th-9th

    b) 8th-10th

    c) 9th-11th

    d) 10th-12th

    12. The Mosque of Cordoba is known for its many beautiful elements, one of which isa) a pendentive dome

    b) a squinch dome

    c) a 165-foot minaret

    d) a hypostyle hall

    13. The Virgin as a loving mother is known as

    a) Pantokraterb) Theotokos

    c) Anastasis

    d) Crucifixion

  • 7/29/2019 Test on Early Christian and Byzantine art 2009


    14. Gold backgrounds in art became popular in

    a) Early Christian artb) Byzantine art

    c) Islamic art

    d) Roman art

    15. All of the following were popular media during early Christian and Byzantine art

    excepta) mosaic

    b) ivory

    c) tempera

    d) fresco

    Part II. Short answer based on slides. Answer five out of six questions.

    1. Identify the work and its medium. Date the work. In what famous early

    Christian/Byzantine city can it be found? Describe elements of the work that are bothRoman/classicalAND early Christian.

    2. Identify and date the work. What is the medium? Explain the iconography on both theleft and right sides of the work. In what way is the work typical of early Christian art?

    3. Identify and date the building. In what city can it be found? Describe both the

    wondrous exterior and interior features of the building.

    4. Identify the main figures in the work. What is unusual about the main figure of the

    work? How does the work try to get out of any contradictions between who the mainfigure is and where the mosaic is located? What is the message of the work, and how

    does it connect to conceptions of church and state that the Byzantine world was

    developing at this time? Describe one other element of the work, be it formal orcontextual.

    5. Identify and date the building. On what type of building is this mosque based? Name

    one culture that influenced the design of this mosque. Explain why there are mosaics onthe exterior of the mosque, as well as on the interior.

    6. This is called theHarbaville Triptych. What is a triptych and what is it used for? Whatkind of influence can we see in this piece of Byzantine art? In what way can we see this

    influence in the work?