Test on early Christian and Byzantine art 2011

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    AP Art HistoryMrs. Wiener

    Test on Early Christian and Byzantine art:

    Part I. Multiple choice.

    1. When Christian art first began to develop, Christ was shown mostpopularly as

    a) a suffering Godb) the judge of mankindc) a young godd) a poet

    2. In Dura-Europos existed a synagogue that was very Greco-Roman inconception because of its

    a) wall paintings and niche for the Torah

    b) wall paintings and cellac) niche for the Torah and cellad) niche for the cella and portico

    3. In the Suicide of Judas and Crucifixion of Christ, Christ is shown asa) a shepherdb) having superhuman strengthc) rebuking Judas for his greedd) a judge of mankind

    4. All are popular media in early Christian and Byzantine art except

    a) ivoryb) vellumc) mosaicd) limestone

    5. The Hagia Sophia was famous for its use of a new type ofconstruction that held the dome aloft. The othertype of new domeconstruction, notused at Hagia Sophia, is called

    a) pendentiveb) squinchc) rib vaulting

    d) groin vaultinge) barrel vaulting

    6. Justinian as world conqueror takes all of the following motifs fromRoman Caesar art except

    a) the ruler as horsemanb) the personification of Victoryc) the appearance of the scepter and orb

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    d) the use of marble as a mediume) the use of reliefs

    7. One of the most significant, if not the most significant, feature of the

    dome of the Hagia Sophia isa) its oculusb) its being fenestratedc) its being especially lowd) its being a symbol of wisdom

    8. In the mosaics at San Vitale, Justinian is shown holding ___________,while Theodora is shown holding ______________.

    a) the chalice that holds Christs blood; the Eucharistb) the Eucharist; the chalice that holds Christs bloodc) a shield with Chi-Rho-Iota; a psalter

    d) a psalter; a shield with Chi-Rho-Iota

    9. Saint Apollinaris amid sheep contains a(n) ______________ scene.a) Annunciationb) Assumptionc) Lamentationd) Transfiguration

    10. The ______________ is an example of the Virgin Mary holding Christon her lap.

    a) Pantokrator

    b) Christ as Good Shepherdc) Annunciationd) Theotokos

    11. Plans of Church of the Theotokos and Katholikon reveal theByzantine artists interest in all of the following except

    a) play of light and darkb) interplay of flat walls and concave recessesc) use of squinch constructiond) use of illuminated and dark spaces

    12. The mosaics of St. Marks are similar to the mosaics of San Vitale intheir

    a) depiction of Christ as Pantokratorb) depiction of strictly New Testament scenesc) depiction of the power and patronage of the monarchyd) depiction of Christs crucifixion

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    13. A Byzantine artwork that reveals the residual Classicizing influenceof the Greco-Roman world is

    a) Lamentationb) Pantokrator, Theotokos and Child, angels, and saints, apsemosaic, cathedral in Monreale, Italy

    c) Vladimir Virgind) Harbaville Triptych

    14. In Byzantine Mother and Child depictions, Christ is often showna) crucifiedb) as knowing and wisec) as innocent and cherubicd) as harsh and judgmental

    15. Christs bringing back to life of the dead is known in Byzantine art

    as a) Transfigurationb) the Annunciationc) Anastasisd) Lamentation

    16. The period of iconoclasm took place betweena) Early and Middle Byzantine artb) Middle and Late Byzantine artc) before Early Byzantine artd) after Late Byzantine art

    17. All of the following are typical of Middle and Late Byzantinearchitecture except

    a) a large number of domes and drumsb) a plain faade with simple bricks and little undulationc) a more elaborate faade that often mimicked the cloisonn

    effectd) interesting groupings of domes and drums

    18. The church that most resembles Roman basilicas and audiencehalls is

    a) Santa Costanzab) San Vitalec) Mausoleum of Galla Placidiad) Old Saint Peters

    19. A city associated with Early Christian and Byzantine art isa) Venice, Italyb) Murano, Italy

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    c) Ravenna, Italyd) Aachen, Germanye) Constaninople (Istanbul), Turkey

    20. An example of a Precisionist artwork is

    a) Stuart Davis Lucky Strikeb) Otto Dixs Der Krieg (The War)c) George Groszs Fit for Active Serviced) Georgie OKeefes New York, Night

    21. An example of syncopated cubism isa) Stuart Davis Lucky Strikeb) Otto Dixs Der Krieg (The War)c) George Groszs Fit for Active Serviced) Georgie OKeefes New York, Night

    22. A sarcastic, satirical work about war isa) Stuart Davis Lucky Strikeb) Otto Dixs Der Krieg (The War)c) George Groszs Fit for Active Serviced) Georgie OKeefes New York, Night

    23. An example of a triptych about World War I isA sarcastic, satirical work about war isa) Stuart Davis Lucky Strikeb) Otto Dixs Der Krieg (The War)c) George Groszs Fit for Active Service

    d) Georgie OKeefes New York, Night

    24. A movement that grew out of the experience of World War I wasa) syncopated cubismb) Precisionismc) New Objectivityd) the Harlem Renaissance

    25. An example of a Harlem Renaissance artist isa) Aaron Douglasb) Charles Demuth

    c) Max Beckmannd) Stuart Davis

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    Part II. Short answer. Give the artist, if known, name, date andmedium for each artwork. Then answer the short answer questionsabout the work.

    26.

    What emotion predominates the work? Why? How is the work unifiedcompositionally and coloristically? Who are the figures in the work,aside from Christ?

    27.

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    What is so important about this building? Why is light important to theculture that produced this building and the way this culture worshiped?What were the occupations of the architects of the building? Why?Extra credit: What are the dimensions of this building?

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    28.

    What is typically Classical about this work, and what is newly Christianabout it?

    29.

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    What is typically Byzantine about this artwork? Give at least threereasons. What are the three angels a prefiguration of? What purposedoes the gold background serve in Byzantine art?

    30.

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    What is the basic subject matter of the work. Describe the significanceof at least three objects in the work. Describe the significance of atleast two of the positions of the figures in the work. What is thepurpose of the lack of perspective in the work?

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