Text: Nelson Physical Education VCE Units 3&4: T Malpeli, Horton, Davey and Telford 2010.
Text: Physical Education Notes Units 3 & 4 2nd Edition Malpeli, Telford and Whittle 2011
Key KnowledgeThe role of government and non-government organisations in promoting adherence to the National Physical Activity Guidelines in schools, workplace and communities, including VicHealth, the National Heart Foundation, State and Federal Government departmentsA range of individual- and population-based Australian physical activity promotion initiatives and strategies.
The role of government and non-government organisations in promoting PAThe Commonwealth and state governments work together with many other funded organisations and non-government organisations to promote active living.The Aust Government commits millions of dollars to the establishment of national monitoring, evaluation and research system, and the promotion of physical activity.
State governments also have important role to play in the promotion of physical activity by funding research, mass-media campaigns and local initiatives within a range of settings.Victorian Government Departments include; Dept of Health, Dept of Education & Early Childhood Development.Other organisations include; Bicycle Victoria, VicHealth, Kinetic Australia, Diabetes Australia, Cancer Council and Universities. Major initiatives supported by the State Government in Victoria are; Go For Your Life, Kids Go For Your Life and Walktober.
VCE Physical Education focuses on schools, workplace and community settings.Strategies are employed to influence polices, practices and programs to develop environments that encourage and support people to be active.
Be Active AustraliaStrategic Inter-Governmental Forum on Physical Activity and Health (SIGPAH)Collaborative body established in 1999 to coordinate a national approach in supporting health-promoting physical activity in Australia under the auspices of the National Public Health Partnership.
Figure 3.2 page 75 text
Settings ApproachAs a result of social, environmental and lifestyle changes over many years, there are limited opportunities to move and expend large amounts of energy as part of your daily routine. Factors that contribute to this problem include;Technology Urban planning, which restricts the opportunities for physical activityAn increased reliance on motorised transportIncreased working hoursAn increased demand on public open spaceIncreased demands on the education curriculumChanging leisure patterns, which contribute to the emerging pattern of inactivity
When these strategies are implemented it is usually within a specific target setting such as a school, childcare centre, transport system, community centre, workplace, healthcare centre, family home or local park.Working through a range of settings provides the opportunity to influence policies and programs and reach different target groups within the population.Within a settings based approach, the choice to be physically active, needs to be made convenient, easier, safer and more enjoyable through initiatives designed to create an environment supportive of participation in physical activity.
School SettingsSchools play an essential role in providing a physical and social environment that supports children, their parents and the school community in enjoying an active life.A school has the potential to reach large numbers of children.Heart Foundation recommends that Physical Education is provided to all children in all schools and physical activity opportunities are available to children and adolescence in the broader community. Schools are a key setting for implementing this recommendation.Life long behaviours are initially developed in schools.
Most school-based initiativesUse combinations of social-influencesUse strategies to change individual behaviourProvide facilitiesUse physical activity in cultural and leisure eventsIncorporate activities within the formal school curriculumExamples of two interventions in a school setting include; The Walking School Bus Program and Kids-Go For Your Life
ACTIVITYComplete Audit of School pg 81.Students need map of school
Complete Peak Performance Questions:Warmup 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7(schools), 8Training 4, 6
Community SettingsCan be defined to include groups of people from the same suburb, town, city or country.Harder to implement strategies but reach a significant amount of people.Strategies and initiatives are tailored to meet the needs and interests of specific target groups.WHO (World Health Organisation) proposes that neighbourhood settings is a priority.
Parks, green space, street scapes, beaches, recreation facilities are the most frequently used environments for PA. WHO recommends urban planning to have safe footpaths and cycling paths, indoor and outdoor facilities. Use of mass-media campaigns are designed to spread awareness, but may be limited if there are insufficient resources or limited exposure to the message.
Table 3.3 page 83Complete Peak Performance Questions:Warmup 7 (community), 9
Workplace SettingsIdeal setting to promote PA because the majority of the population works. A lot of hours are spent at work and they bring together large amounts of people who can provide each other with a large amount of support or environmental resources.
Benefits to employersImproves employee moraleIncreased productivity (quality and quantity)Reduces absenteeismIncreased ability to handle stressImproves community relationsReduced staff turn over.
Approaches that can adopted in the workplaceEnvironmental auditEncourage the use of stairs instead of liftsEncouraging employers to subsidise gym ratesIncentives to cycle or walk to workProvide facilities such as showers and change roomsExample of initiative is Find thirty every day
ActivityComplete Peak Performance Questions:Warmup 7 (workplace)Training 5, 7
The role of the Heart Foundation in promoting PATo promote heart health and implement policies and programs that improve the cardiovascular health of Australians.Includes preventative and recovery programs for Coronary Heart Disease.Heart Foundation works closely with the Government and other health organisations.
Figure 3.6 page 89 text
The role of VicHealthVicHealth is a statutory authority which fosters the change in social, cultural and physical environments that influence health of all Victorians. The organisations board is made up of experts in the areas of health, sport, the arts, research and communication.VicHealth provide support across a range of health areas, including physical activity, mental health and wellbeing, tobacco control, healthy eating, alcohol misuse and health inequalities.
Strategy/Initiative PosterYou are to work in pairs and complete a poster based on a strategy/initiative. Select from the following list (links in Ch3 folder):Kids Go for your life1000 steps programFind 30 Every DayTravel SmartThe Walking School BusGet MovingHeart Foundation WalkingCycling for HealthActive After School CommunitiesKeen Agers or any other from your text book with approval
Your poster must have the following information:Title of the strategyIs it government or non-gov who developed it?What is the target group (age, culture) and target setting?What is the strategy? Describe what it does.What are the aims of the strategy/what are the outcomes/what do they want to achieve?Relevant pics.Info from weblinks on your text book CD (work-the-web), text book and internet.
Summaries of Strategies/InitiativeYou are to complete the summary table for the various strategies.
Examples of physical activity programs and initiatives within government and non-government organisations supported by VicHealthSee handouts from notes pg 20-21.
Complete Peak Performance Questions:Training 10Game on Questions 2, 3, All multiple choice without text book.
Review QuestionsComplete Chapter 3 Review Questions of 96.