THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS The Scientific Revolution The American Revolution The French Revolution The Industrial Revolution

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  • THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS The Scientific Revolution The American Revolution The French Revolution The Industrial Revolution
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  • What was the Scientific Revolution? Time period when scientists began to base the study of the world on observable fact rather than on beliefs and superstitions Also known as the Enlightenment
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  • Where and when was the Scientific Revolution? The Scientific Revolution occurred in Europe from the 1500s to the 1700s.
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  • Who were the important people of the Scientific Revolution? Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543): Polish astronomer, mathematician, physician, scholar, governor, diplomat, economist, soldier Responsible for the heliocentric theory, which states that the sun (not the earth) is the center of the universe
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  • Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564): Belgian anatomist Founder of modern human anatomy Author of 1 st modern human anatomy text, On the Workings of the Human Body
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  • Galileo Galilei (1564- 1642): Italian physicist, astronomer, philosopher Improved the telescope & was the 1 st to use it to observe the sky Used it to discover Jupiters moons in 1610
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  • Johann Kepler (1571-1630): German mathematician, astronomer Best known for his laws of planetary motion (ex: the planets orbit the sun in elliptical orbits)
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  • William Harvey (1578-1657): English doctor who proved the heart circulated the blood within the body
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  • Rene Descartes (1596-1650): French philosopher, mathematician, scientist Founder of Modern Philosophy & Father of Modern Mathematics I think, therefore I am
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  • Who were the important people of the Scientific Revolution? Antony von Leeuwenhoek (1632- 1723): Dutch scientist who invented 1 st microscope 1 st to observe & describe single cell organisms Father of Microbiology
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  • Isaac Newton (1643- 1727): English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, philosopher Proved the laws of gravity One of the most important scientists in history
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  • How did the Scientific Revolution impact Europe? Led to many new inventions (which will lead to further discoveries as they are improved) Many schools & universities will open throughout Europe
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  • How did the American Revolution affect Europe? The American Revolution will be an indirect cause of the French Revolution. The French people, who feel they are being mistreated under a tyrannical king, will see the American colonists rebel against and defeat English King George III, and it will be a great influence on them to start their own revolution.