The Babylonian Talmud - holybooks Babylonian Talmud Translated by MICHAEL L. RODKINSON Book 1 (Vols. I and II) 1903 Tract Sabbath Volume I Title Page Explanatory Remarks Dedication

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  • The Babylonian TalmudTranslated by

    MICHAEL L. RODKINSONVolumes 1-10

    1918

    This work is in the Public Domain. Copy Freely

    Table of Contents

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  • The Babylonian Talmud

    Translated by MICHAEL L. RODKINSON

    Volumes 1-10

    1918

    Table of Contents

    Volume 1 Volume 6

    Volume 2 Volume 7

    Volume 3 Volume 8

    Volume 4 Volume 9

    Volume 5 Volume 10

  • The Babylonian Talmud

    Translated by MICHAEL L. RODKINSON

    Book 1 (Vols. I and II)

    1903

    Tract Sabbath

    Volume I

    Title PageExplanatory RemarksDedicationContentsPreface to the Second EditionEditor's PrefaceBrief General Introduction to the Babylonian TalmudIntroduction to Tract SabbathSynopsis of Subjects Chapter I: Regulations Regarding Transfer on SabbathChapter II: Regulations Concerning The Sabbath And 'Hanukah LightChapter III: Regulations Concerning Stoves, Hearths, and OvensChapter IV: Regulations Concerning Victuals, Where They May or May Not Be Deposited to Retain Their Heat for the SabbathChapter V: Regulations Concerning What May and May Not Be Worn by Animals on the SabbathChapter VI: Regulations Concerning What Garments Women May Go Out With On the SabbathChapter VII: The General Rule Concerning the Principal Acts of Labor on SabbathChapter VIII: Regulations Concerning the Prescribed Quantities of Victuals and Beverages Which Must Not Be Carried About on the SabbathChapter IX: Rabbi Aqiba's Regulations On Different SubjectsChapter X: Further Regulations Concerning The Prescribed Quantity of Things To Be Stored

    Volume II

    Title PageExplanatory RemarksContents

  • Synopsis of Subjects of Volume II.--Tract SabbathChapter XI. Regulations Concerning Throwing From One Ground Into Another.Chapter XII: Regulations Concerning Building, Ploughing, etc., On the SabbathChapter XIII: Regulations Concerning Weaving, Tearing, Hunting, etc., on the SabbathChapter XIV: Regulations Concerning the Catching of Reptiles, Animals and BirdsChapter XV: Regulations Concerning the Tying and Untying of Knots on the SabbathChapter XVI: Regulations Concerning Articles Which May be Saved From a Conflagration on SabbathChapter XVII: Regulations Concerning Handling of Utensils and Furniture on the SabbathChapter XVIII: Regulations Regarding the Clearing Off of Required Space, the Assistance To Be Given Cattle When Giving Birth To Their Young and To Women About To Be ConfinedChapter XIX: Regulations Ordained by R. Eliezer Concerning Circumcision on the SabbathChapter XX: Regulations Concerning Certain Acts of Labor Which Must be Performed Differently on a Sabbath and on a FestivalChapter XXI: Regulations Concerning the Pouring Out of Wine From Vessels Covered With a Stone (Which Must Not Be Lifted), and the Clearing Off of Crumbs, etc., From the TableChapter XXII: Regulations Concerning Preparation of Food and BeveragesChapter XXIII: Borrowing, Casting Lots, Waiting for the Close of the Sabbath, and Attending to a CorpseChapter XXVI: Regulations Concerning a Man Who is Overtaken by Dusk on the Eve of Sabbath While Travelling, and Concerning Feeding of Cattle.The Prayer at the Conclusion of a TractAppendix

  • Index Next

    p. i

    NEW EDITION

    OF THE

    BABYLONIAN TALMUD

    Original Text Edited, Corrected, Formulated, and Translated into English

    BY

    MICHAEL L. RODKINSON

    First Edition Revised and Corrected

    BY

    THE REV. DR. ISAAC M. WISE

    President Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, O.

    Volume I.

    TRACT SABBATH

    SECOND EDITION, RE-EDITED, REVISED AND ENLARGED

    BOSTON NEW TALMUD PUBLISHING COMPANY

    100 BOYLSTON STREET

    [1903]

    Scanned at sacred-texts.com, January-February 2003. J.B. Hare Redactor. This text is in the public domain. This file may be used for any non-commercial purpose, provided this attribution is left intact.

    Next: Explanatory Remarks

  • Index Previous Next

    p. ii

    EXPLANATORY REMARKS.

    In our translation we adopted these principles:

    1. Tenan of the original--We have learned in a Mishna; Tania--We have learned in a Boraitha; Itemar--It was taught.

    2. Questions are indicated by the interrogation point, and are immediately followed by the answers, without being so marked.

    3. When in the original there occur two statements separated by the phrase, Lisna achrena or Wabayith Aema or Ikha d'amri (literally, "otherwise interpreted"), we translate only the second.

    4. As the pages of the original are indicated in our new Hebrew edition, it is not deemed necessary to mark them in the English edition, this being only a translation from the latter.

    5. Words or passages enclosed in round parentheses ( ) denote the explanation rendered by Rashi to the foregoing sentence or word. Square parentheses [ ] contain commentaries by authorities of the last period of construction of the Gemara.

    COPYRIGHT, 1903, BY

    MICHAEL L. RODKINSON.

    Next: Dedication

  • Index Previous Next

    p. iii

    TO

    EDWIN R. A. SELIGMAN, PH.D.

    PROFESSOR OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

    IN RECOGNITION OF

    HIS WARM INTEREST AND VALUABLE SERVICES IN PROMOTING THE STUDY OF LITERATURE, AND HIS GREAT INSTRUMENTALITY IN ASSISTING YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN TO BROADEN THEIR MINDS, AND REACH A HIGHER SOCIAL PLANE, AND FOR HIS MANY WORKS FOR THE COMMUNAL WELFARE, ESPECIALLY THOSE IN BEHALF OF THE

    EDUCATIONAL ALLIANCE

    THIS VOLUME IS MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED BY THE EDITOR AND TRANSLATOR

    MICHAEL L. RODKINSON.

    June 15, 1901.

    New York City.

    Next: Contents

  • Index Previous Next

    p. v

    CONTENTS.

    PAGE

    PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION vii

    EDITOR'S PREFACE ix

    BRIEF GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE BABYLONIAN TALMUD xv

    INTRODUCTION TO TRACT SABBATH xxi

    SYNOPSIS OF SUBJECTS OF VOLUME I.--TRACT SABBATH xxix

    CHAPTER I.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING TRANSFER ON SABBATH 1

    CHAPTER II.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE SABBATH AND 'HANUKAH LIGHT 31

    CHAPTER III.

  • REGULATIONS CONCERNING STOVES, HEARTHS, AND OVENS 63

    CHAPTER IV.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE DEPOSITING OF VICTUALS ON THE SABBATH 83

    CHAPTER V.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING GEAR WHICH MAY AND MAY NOT BE WORN BY ANIMALS ON THE SABBATH 91

    CHAPTER VI.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING WHAT GARMENTS (SERVING AS ORNAMENTS) WOMEN MAY GO OUT WITH ON THE SABBATH

    107

    p. vii

    PAGE

    CHAPTER VII.

    THE GENERAL RULE CONCERNING THE PRINCIPAL ACTS OF LABOR ON SABBATH 127

    CHAPTER VIII.

    REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE PRESCRIBED QUANTITY OF VICTUALS AND BEVERAGES WHICH MUST NOT BE CARRIED ABOUT ON THE SABBATH

    143

    CHAPTER IX.

  • RABBI AQIBA'S REGULATIONS ON DIFFERENT SUBJECTS 154

    CHAPTER X.

    FURTHER REGULATIONS CONCERNING THE PRESCRIBED QUANTITY OF THINGS TO BE STORED 171

    Next: Preface to the Second Edition

  • Index Previous Next

    p. vii

    PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION.

    THE translator of the Talmud, who has now reached the thirteenth volume of his task, covering twenty-one tracts of this great work, certainly cannot point with any great pride to the fact that this is the second edition of his translation which first appeared in 1896, for he believes that the opening and bringing to light of a book so long withheld from the gaze of the curious, and even the learned, should have attracted more attention and deserved greater consideration than it has received. However, he is glad to see that thousands of readers have at last taken advantage of the opportunity of looking into the "sealed book," and to such an extent that second editions have become necessary, both of this volume and of the Tract Rosh Hashana of the fourth volume, which he has redited and enlarged upon, adding many historical facts and legends, so that they now appear as practically new works.

    This is certainly an encouragement to him to continue his work, with the hope that in time it will gain the proper recognition and proper attention which he thinks this great work of the sixth century should receive at the hands of all scholars and even laymen.

    In revising this volume the translator had in mind the many criticisms which have been passed upon his effort and which have appeared in various papers throughout different countries, but he gave his attention to those only which were not prompted by animosity and jealousy. He begs to call the attention of all critics to the dictum of the Talmud, "Kal Hat'haloth Kashoth" (all beginnings are difficult); for, bearing this in mind, they would no doubt have been more moderate.

    p. viii

    The translator will be very grateful to critics who will call his attention to any mistakes made in the translation of the original text. However, he will positively ignore criticisms of the kind described above.

    The translator further hopes that this and the succeeding volumes will meet with the favor and approval of the public, which will be sufficient reward to repay him for his efforts.

    M. L. R.

    NEW YORK, June, 1901.

    Next: Editor's Preface

  • Index Previous Next

    p. ix

    EDITOR'S PREFACE.

    [To the first edition.]

    THE Hebrew edition of Rosh Hashana contains an elaborate introduction in three chapters, the translation of which does not appear as yet. Its contents include many important rules which we have followed in the entire work, but we do not feel called upon at this time to engross the time of the English reader by reciting them. We, however, deem it a duty