THE CATHOLIC REFORMATION or COUNTER-REFORMATION Catholic response(s) to the Protestant movements

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THE CATHOLIC REFORMATION or COUNTER-REFORMATION Catholic response(s) to the Protestant movements New religious orders Ignatius of Loyola – founded Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Devoted to spreading Catholicism by 1 . Missionary work in foreign lands 2 . Establishing schools and universities. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of THE CATHOLIC REFORMATION or COUNTER-REFORMATION Catholic response(s) to the Protestant movements

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THE CATHOLIC REFORMATION or COUNTER-REFORMATIONCatholic response(s) to the Protestant movementsNew religious ordersIgnatius of Loyola founded Society of Jesus (Jesuits)Devoted to spreading Catholicism by1. Missionary work in foreign lands2. Establishing schools and universities

Teresa of Avila reformed Carmelite order of nunsCalled for stricter following of original Catholic teaching1. focus on prayer and meditation2. vows of poverty and seclusion

Index Librorum Prohibitorum (List of Prohibited Books)Created in 1559 , lasted until 1966Eventually included 4000 titlesSome works/authors were banned for religious differencesMartin LutherJohn Calvinbut scientists and philosophers were also on the list

MachiavelliBaconLockeVoltaireThomas Hobbes Eng. author; all of his works were banned

Revival of the InquisitionSpecial Church courts set up topunish heretics, enforce Church teachingsMost famous Inquisition was in Spain, 1478-18341550-1700 3000-5000 put to death Inquisition collected property worth 700,000 ducats (1 ducat=$44)

Council of Trent (1545-1563)Series of meetings of various Catholic leadersOriginally called to discuss issues with Protestants, ended up mostly reinforcing traditional Catholic ideas:~ salvation = faith + works (not faith alone)~ Church as the ultimate interpreter of Scripture~ Sacraments and most traditional practices were reaffirmedSome changes were made by the Council:~ Sale of indulgences was banned~ Bishops must live in their dioceses (did away with pluralism)~ Condemned practice of clergy having mistresses~ created the Index of forbidden books

REFORMATION MAPUsing colored pencils, show where each of the listed religions had influence in Europe and North Africa. Make a key!Roman CatholicEastern Orthodox

LutheranIslam

CalvinistAnglican