The Changing Balance of Women Empowerment

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<ul><li><p>8/6/2019 The Changing Balance of Women Empowerment</p><p> 1/4</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 The Changing Balance of Women Empowerment</p><p> 2/4</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 The Changing Balance of Women Empowerment</p><p> 3/4</p><p>of many of these enterprises, women have achieved economic independence and risen above theshackles of a caste- and male-dominated traditional society. This entrepreneurial role has given</p><p>women in India an opportunity to enter the social and political spheres in ways previously deniedto them.</p><p>The biggest challenge faced by women managers today is managing their dual role oforganizational managers and housewives. Women experience tremendous stress caused byeither work overload or under load. Womens overload comes from the pressure to work harder</p><p>to prove them. While Indian men do not mind having women as subordinates, they do not likethem as bosses. Dissatisfaction from subordinates is a source of stress for women managers,</p><p>which they see as a challenge to be confronted. One of the prominent obstacles that most womenmanagers face is the differential treatment at work which upholds the centrality and superiority</p><p>of men and treats women as inferior and less important. Due to this stereotype, women areoffered less challenging jobs and are often not involved in tackling crucial organizational issues.</p><p>But in spite of such challenges women today has came out strong and has learned the art oftackling such issues quite efficiently. Nevertheless, developments in information technology and</p><p>related services sectors are helping women in India to move out of their traditional householdroles and develop a career in organizations.</p><p>The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble,</p><p>Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. Provision has been made for</p><p>the right to take affirmative action by the state for women and children in certain matters. TheEqual Remuneration Act 1976 provides for equal wages for the same work or work of similar</p><p>nature for men and women workers, and prohibits discrimination against women in matters ofrecruitment. The Maternity Benefits Act 1961 and the Employees State Insurance Act 1948</p><p> provide for payment of maternity benefits. The Factories Act 1948 provides for restriction ofhours of work (women cannot be asked to work between 7 p.m. and 6 a.m.) and special safety</p><p> protection for women. Overall, some of these provisions severely restrict the employment ofwomen in the management of factories and production facilities. These laws apply to nearly all-</p><p>operative, support and managerial staff unlike some of the other employment laws which excludemanagerial employees. The Sexual Harassment of Women Act 1992 provides measures to</p><p>prevent women from being subjected to harassment. Through proactive intervention, the IndianSupreme Court in one of its significant judgments has laid down comprehensive guidelines to be</p><p>followed by all public and private sector organizations to ensure the prevention of sexualharassment. All these laws have blessed the women workforce and have certainly added a great</p><p>deal of legislative power.</p><p>Technology and flexi-time have made things easier for women at work and they should makefull use of them, simultaneously fighting for equality at political and societal levels. The</p><p>individuals leading both Pepsi (Indra Nooyi) and ICICI (Chanda Kochhar) in India are womenand both companies are very successful; these could be examples to build on. This speaks of a</p><p>resilient Indian society, and these features could be indicative of a promising future for positivechange that can be brought about in the position of women including fighting the old stereotypes.</p><p>The women in India are leaving home to venture out in search of work both for reasons ofeconomic necessity and to fulfill ambitions. Those in the former category are from the middle</p><p>and lower socio-economic strata of society, career development is more a pursuit by those from</p></li><li><p>8/6/2019 The Changing Balance of Women Empowerment</p><p> 4/4</p></li></ul>