The Cold War 1947-1991Review, The Cold War
The Cold WarA continuing state of political conflict, military tension and economic competition after World War II, primarily between the Soviet Union and its satellite states, and the Western world, particularly the United States. The US & Russias military force never clashed directly, they expressed the conflict through military coalitions, proxy wars, espionage, propaganda, conventional and nuclear arms races(wikipedia.org)
The cold war
The Cold War We will discuss 2 significant events during the Cold War in the 1950s:The Arms RaceThe Space Race
The Arms RaceAmerica and Russia competed for military & technological supremacy.
An Arms Race is when 2 or more countries compete to produce the most and the most technologically advanced weapons
Nuclear Arms Race After WWII, people feared atomic war, but the two countries continued to produce many nuclear weapons. The US and Russia avoided direct war for fear of mutual assured destruction.
Nuclear Arms RaceThe Duck & Cover
The Cold War, 1950sIn America, average people feared the threat of an Atomic War because of the recent events of WWI & WWII. Also, the Americans and the Russians were very successful at using propaganda to influence the people. Because of the successful Cold War propaganda & the fears during the Red Scare, there is still great suspicion toward socialism and Communism in America today.
The Space Race
The Space RaceThe Space Race was a technological competition between the US and Russia for dominance in space technology
The Space RaceThe Russians had a major breakthrough with the release of Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth (Oct. 4, 1957).
The Space RaceSputnik Crisis Americans were amazed and afraid of the new technology. Why?
Todays movie: October SkyTodays movie is about young American boys inspired by by Sputnik to build rockets. The movie is set in 1950s America during the Cold War.In the movie, there are many American themes, including the tension between the US and Russia during this time.
October Sky (movie)the sound that separates the old from the new In the movie, the teacher lets the students hear the sound of Sputnik orbiting the earth. Here you can see that Americans were excited about the new technology.
October Sky (movie)The movie begins with a radio broadcast about the release of the Russian satellite Sputnik. The Americans are also worried that their enemy has such advanced technology. the satellite has ushered in a grave new chapter in the Cold War. And indeed a wave of national anxiety already seems to be sweeping the country.
The Cold War,1950s AmericaLet em have outer space, we got Rock n Roll.
Rock n Roll became more and more popular during this time, and the movie has many of major Rock n Roll hits from this period.
1950s Rock n RollFirst you can hear Elvis Presleys famous song on the radio, Jailhouse Rock.Elvis Presley is an American cultural icon, and one of the most popular singers of last century.
Elvis Presley Jailhouse RockThe warden threw a party in the county jail.The prison band was there and they began to wail.The band was jumpin' and the joint began to swing.You should've heard those knocked out jailbirds sing.Let's rock! Everybody, let's rock. Everybody in the whole cell block, was dancin' to the Jailhouse Rock.
Elvis PresleyOther famous Elvis songs:Heartbreak Hotel*Dont be CruelLove me TenderHound Dog*All Shook UpAre You Lonesome Tonight?Cant Help Falling in Love
Rock music was a combination of many different styles of music, generally forms of black music, such as blues, R&B, jazz, & country music. Ironically, today rock singers are mostly white.
1950s AmericaDuring the 50s America developed a greater teen culture, as teenagers were becoming bigger consumers. Rock music, cars, movies, and fast food all came out of this period and helped to develop the teen culture of America.
Birth of teen CultureMovie Recommendations: American Graffiti (classic)Grease (fun music)Happy Days (TV show)Pleasantville
American School CultureIn the movie October Sky, you can also see some of the typical American school culture that still exists todayFor example, football, cheerleaders, & a marching bandAlso, you can see the separation of students into cliques
CheerleadersCheerleaders are at all football and basketball games, and they cheer, dance, and do gymnastics during the game.
CliquesAmerican students typically form social groups in school based on shared interests, personalities, and popularity. These groups are generally known as cliques.
Cliques at SchoolGeeksJocksThe Popular kidsThe Smart Kids and many more
Cliques at SchoolAlmost all American high school movies deal with the themes of cliques and popularity.Movie Recommendations:Mean Girls The Breakfast Club
Cliques at SchoolIn general, students want to belong to a cool clique, so that others will see them as popular and well-liked.The desire to be cool puts a social pressure on the student, and for some students this is a very difficult time