The Cold War: Conflicts between East and West. Divide Between Russia and US??. Ideology: Democracy Communism. Venn Diagram…. Democracy V. Communism Similarities? Differences? Filling out as a class . Truman Doctrine. Civil War in Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Cold War: Conflicts between East and West
The Cold War: Conflicts between East and WestDivide Between Russia and US??Ideology:Democracy
Venn DiagramDemocracy V. CommunismSimilarities?Differences?
Filling out as a class Truman DoctrineCivil War in GreeceBritain was unable to continue to support the reconstruction in the Mediterranean ((Why?))Turkey and Greece at stake!Britain supported the Pro-Western SideTito (Communist leader of Yugoslavia) Supported the communist guerilla fightersUS scared of Soviet expansion (Domino Theory)
Truman Doctrine contTrumans speech to congress (3-12-1947):I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support the free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.
((What do you think this means?))Truman Doctrine ContUS suspicious of Soviets interest and intents with Greece and Turkey.UnfoundedStalin not pleased with Titos actions((Why???))Kennans Containment (Packet)Front page of your packet Read throughThen answer the questions following the passageKennans Containment 1.) Kennan states that the Russian politicians want to maintain their 'prestige.' How would this concept of prestige instigate the Cold War, rather than ending it?
2.) The first line of the second paragraphs predicts that the United States has to face the Soviet Union at "constantly shifting geographical and political points" in order to contain the spread of Communism. Does this scenario come true, and, if so, how?
3.) What does Kennan mean by the second paragraph? How does this relate to what we know of the events of the Cold War?
4.) Why is it important for the United States to appear "know what it wants," all while dealing with internal problems?
Containment TheoryWhat is Kennan trying to say???
PopMarshall PlanJune 1947European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan)
Provides 13 Billion dollars to All of Europeagainst hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos.USSR does not participate in this, despite the option to Why
Soviet POV of Marshall PlanCapitalist ImperialismGaining influence of weaker countries, through monetary bribes (favors)
Any truths?American firms were making the products sent to EuropeUS popular opinion: Communist advances fed off economic turmoilSoviet Reactions?Russia could not compete with the financial strength of US Therefore, it could only do one thing: Tighten its control over eastern Europe
European Countries Aided$3.2 Billion UK$2.7 Billion France$1.5 Billion West Germany$694 Million Greece$677 Million Austria
Aid between April 3rd, 1948- June 30th, 1952.
Marshall Plan AidDivision of EuropeFormation of Military AlliancesWhy need alliances?
NATO v WarsawNATONorth Atlantic Treaty OrganizationApril 1949Belgium, Luxemburg, Netherlands, France, Britain, Italy, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Iceland, USA and Canada signed.Mutual AssistanceNATO countries
Before Warsaw, There was1949 Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) Purpose was economic cooperationAlso allowed Stalin Control over the Buffer zone/satellite countries of eastern Europe
Warsaw Pact1955Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Soviet Union joinedBuffer Zone?Warsaw Pact Countries