The Cold War. Section One: The Cold War Begins ï¶ The Cold War is a term used to describe the tensions between the United States and the USSR after WWII

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  • The Cold War

  • Section One: The Cold War BeginsThe Cold War is a term used to describe the tensions between the United States and the USSR after WWII. Social, economic, and political differences were vastPeople feared a nuclear holocaust

  • Origins of the Cold WarThe cold war began with mistrust between the Soviet Union (red) and the western democracies (blue).

  • Roots of the Cold War

    American and Soviet Systems DifferAllies Disagree on Future of Eastern EuropeTruman and Stalin Clash at Potsdam

  • American and Soviet Systems Differ

    Capitalism vs. CommunismFree elections vs. DictatorshipReligious freedom vs. No ReligionPrivate Property vs. Communal government controlled propertyRespect for Individuals vs. Obedience to a leader

  • Allies Disagree on Future of Eastern Europe

    US, France, and Great Britain wanted a united Germany and independent countries in Eastern EuropeUSSR wanted a weaker, divided Germany and wanted to control the formerly independent Eastern European countries.

  • Truman and Stalin Clash at Potsdam

    Stalin refused to uphold his Yalta promise of free elections in Eastern EuropeTruman thought Stalin would implement expansionist policies echoing those of Hitler and Japan. Atlee

  • Meeting the Soviet ChallengeTruman Faces a CrisisTruman Doctrine Opposes Communist Expansion

    March 5, 1946 Churchill gave his famous iron curtain speech in Fulton, MO

  • Truman Faces a Crisis

    Trumans motto the buck stops here meant that he knew he had the responsibility for making the hardest decisions. Governments like Greece and Turkey were turning to the US to help fight communist forces within their countries

  • Truman Doctrine Opposes Communist Expansion

    Truman went to Congress to ask for their support in helping Greece and Turkey fight communism.Congress gave its support and the USs agreement to help countries suppress communist movements became known as the Truman

  • Containing Soviet ExpansionKennan Argues for ContainmentMarshall Plan Aids Europes Economies

  • Kennan Argues for Containment

    George F. Kennan published an article called The Sources of Soviet Conduct in a magazine called Foreign AffairsKennan argued that the US should focus onstopping the spread of communism instead of trying to get rid of it altogether

  • Marshall Plan Aids Europes Economies

    People in Western and Eastern Europe were suffering after WWIIU.S. Secretary of State, George Marshall, proposed a plan to provide grants, loans, food, and fuel to ailing nationsStalin refused to allow Eastern European countries to accept the helpPlan stimulated American economy and gained support for fighting communism

  • Cold War Heats UpBerlin Airlift Saves West BerlinCold War Rivals Form Alliances

  • Berlin Airlift Saves West Berlin

    June 1948, Stalin blockaded West Berlin from western aidUS and Britain delivered supplies via airplane for almost a year

  • Cold War Rivals Form Alliances

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formed in 1949 with 12 Western European and North American countries These countries agreed to mutual military assistance called collective securityIn 1955, the USSR and its satellite states formed the Warsaw Pact as a response

  • Section Two: The Korean WarThe Forgotten War

  • 1950-53Sandwiched between WWII and the Vietnam War, the Korean War is often overlooked but had 140,000 American

  • Communists Gain Control of ChinaCivil War Divides ChinaCommunists Win in

  • Civil War Divides China

    Jiang Jieshi (AKA Chiang Kai-shek) led the Nationalists had US supportMao Zedong led the Communists had USSR supportThey joined forces to fight off Japanese invasion, but civil war started again after WWIICorrupt Nationalist leaders embezzled US aid dollarsMao won support by promising to feed the people

  • Communists Win in China

    In 1948, Maos forces wonJiang fled to Taiwan, and asked America for more helpU.S. refused to send more money to this corrupt leaderChina becomes the Peoples Republic of China and officially a communist nation

  • The BeginningsIn WWII, Japan invaded Korea.To force Japans surrender, the U.S. occupied the South and the Soviets occupied the northern part of Korea. (above the 38th Parallel)Division was supposed to be temporary but different economies developed.South-Capitalist North- Communist

  • North Korea AttacksInitially, both sides refused to give up their ideologies.June 1950- The Soviets and Americans had withdrawn so North Korea attacked South Korea.

  • Truman RespondsTruman said the U.S. would respond with military forceBECAUSE:1. He thought the Soviets were behind it.2. Needed to enforce containment policy. (Domino Theory)3. Standing down would be appeasement.

  • This Oct. 14, 1950, file picture shows Gen. Douglas MacArthur, left, and President Harry Truman in an automobile during a meeting on Wake Island to discuss the Korean War. Truman later told reporters the atomic bombing of North Korea was under consideration. MacArthur had a plan to drop 30 to 50 of the bombs, the general told journalists after the war. Sixty years after the start of the Korean War, recently released declassified documents have helped fill in the history of U.S. nuclear threats against North Korea over the decades. (AP Photo/WA, File)

  • U.N. Policing ActionSince the U.S. had blocked the admission of Communist China into the U.N., Taiwan had Chinas veto power.In protest, the USSR walked out.Thus, the U.S. got unanimous approval for the defense of South Korea.16 Countries contributed but 80% of troops were American.


  • Douglas MacArthurMacArthur is appointed overall commander.By this point, North Korea had nearly taken all of South Korea.

  • MacArthurs PlanHold ground at Pusan. Attack North Korean supply line at Inchon.MacArthur pushes deep into North Korea.

  • United States AdvanceMacArthur moved quickly despite tough conditions and rugged terrain.

  • China RespondsMacArthur ignores Chinas warning not to get too close to China.China enters war and pushes UN troops back to the 38th.MacArthur wants to use the A-Bomb and start a full scale war with ChinaTruman refuses, prefers limited war to achieve specific goalsMacArthur is fired after he publicly disagrees with the president.


  • Truman and MacArthur- Happier Times.

  • The Tough Conditions in the Korean War.

  • Korean War Has Lasting EffectsWar Becomes a Political IssueExamining the Lessons of the Korean War

  • War Becomes a Political Issue

    Election of 1952, Eisenhower promised to end stalemate of Korean WarAfter he was elected, he visited KoreaWhen peace talks were failing, he suggested the nuclear optionStalin diedNorth Korea agreed to a cease-fire

  • Examining the Lessons of the Korean War

    No victorTruman set precedent of sending US soldiers without a declaration of warIncrease in US military spendingSEATO Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is formed to prevent spread of communism

  • STOP!

  • Section Three: The Cold War ExpandsAmerican backyard fallout shelter 1960

  • Arms Race Heightens TensionsCommunist Advances Shock the NationNuclear Arsenals ExpandThe Soviets were not far behind the US in developing the atomic bomb and accomplished it in 1949

  • Communist Advances Shock the Nation

    September 2, 1949 An American military plane flying over Alaska detected high levels of radiationAmerican Nuclear Scientists studied the data and realized the Soviets had tested an atomic bomb.The news that the USSR had atomic weapons, and China falling to the communists had Americans freaking out.

  • The U.S. gives advice to people on how to survive a nuclear attack. (shelters, etc.)Duck and Cover:

  • Nuclear Arsenals Expand

    Truman orders the Atomic Energy Commission to produce a hydrogen bombOppenheimer and Einstein opposed this and warned of a perpetual arms raceBy 1952 the US tested a hydrogen bombThe Soviets tested one the following yearAbove ground testing led to nuclear fallout and radiation induced health problems for people downwind of the test sites

  • The Arms RaceOnce the Soviet Union successfully tested the atomic bomb, the arms race was on. Both countries stockpi