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The Columbian Exchange (web version)

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12.3.2010

Text of The Columbian Exchange (web version)

  • 1. Overseas Empires AKS 39b

2. Bienvenidos a Espaa! December 10 th , 1492 3. AKS 39b

  • What were the roles of explorers and conquistadors?

4. VI.England

  • Jamestown : first permanent settlement
  • Pilgrims
      • founded second English colony inPlymouth , Massachusetts
      • Puritans : deeply religious people who didnt agree with practices of Church of England

5. VIII.French & Indian War (Seven Years War)

  • War for control ofNorth America
  • English and French clashed over Ohio Valley in 1754
  • Franceforced to give up all land in North America toEnglandin 1763

6. IX.The Netherlands

    • Dutch settlers began colonies in modern New York City and called it New Netherland.
    • Traded fur

7.

  • Portugal: More interested intradethan colonization (Africa & Asia)

8. XI.Spain

  • Conquistadors : Conquerors came to spread God & wealth
  • Hernn Corts : Mexico & Aztec riches (1519)
  • Francisco Pizarro : Peru & Inca Empire (1532)
  • Empire spread through N. & S. America and West Indies
  • Europeandiseaseskilled Natives;Africanslaves replaced them

9. XII.Atlantic Slave Trade: buying and selling of Africans forworkin the Americas

  • Triangulartrade
    • MiddlePassage:
        • Long voyage fromAfricato America
        • Often veryharshand cruel
        • People crammed into ships, beaten, and given little food.
        • 20 % of the people on these ships died

Europe Africa Americas Europeans sailed to Africa to trade manufactured goods for people. The Middle Passage: Africans were carried across the Atlantic to the Americas to be sold into slavery. Traders brought back sugar, coffee, and tobacco to Europe. 10. 11. 12. Welcome to 1400 America!!!

  • Take an index card.
  • List down ALL major ingredients in the dish/food item you brought to share.
  • Take out your classwork assignments from yesterday (#1-14 on FE review; 1 outline for PFE review)

13. New Rules for 7 thPeriod

  • Be in your seats when the bell rings.
  • HaveALLmaterials ready when the bell rings (pencils sharpened, paper, etc).
  • Stay in your seats unless you have permission to leave your seat.
  • Raise your hand if you wish to speak or have a question EVEN IFyou just want to ask a neighbor something.
  • Use all the time youre given in class to complete assignments.
  • Failure to comply to these rulesTHE FIRST TIMEwill result in an automatic morning teacher detention.
  • Since it is week 16 and we STILL cant behave appropriately when we have a sub, we will practice substitute behavior for THE REST OF THE SEMESTER.

14. The Columbian Exchange What was the Columbian Exchange and what was its global economic and culture impact? 15. After you read

  • At the end of your notes, do an analysis (break down the food items and speculate their origins) of
    • A) what you had for lunch.
    • B) what favorite food you brought.
  • Could you have enjoyed it here in the New World if not for the Columbian Exchange? Why/Why not?

16. What I Had for Lunch

  • Pasta
    • Tomato sauce
    • Noodles (made from wheat flour)
    • Ricotta Cheese
  • Applesauce
  • Cookie
    • Flour
    • Sugar
    • peppermint

17. The Columbian Exchange

  • It was a globaltransferof foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of theAmericas
      • Corn and potatoesEurope, Asia, Africa
      • Bananas, black-eyed peas, yamsAmericas
      • Cattle, pigs, horsesAmericas
      • DiseasesAmericas & Europe

18. 19.

  • Global Trade
      • settling of Americas and growth of trade started aneconomicrevolution
      • revolution led tocapitalism : based onprivateownership of property and right of a business to earn aprofiton money it has invested
      • revolution also led tojoint-stock companies : investors combine theirmoneyto start abusinessandsharein the profits

20.

  • Growth of Mercantilism
      • European governments followed the idea ofmercantilism , which says that a countryspowerdepended on itswealth(getting more gold and silver increased wealth)
      • Selling more than buying ( exportingmore thanimporting ) = a favorable balance oftrade
      • Colonies helped to provide goods that could be sold in trade