The Confederation Congress & the Articles of Confederation
The Second Continental Congress & theLee ResolutionLee Resolution (June 7, 1776)Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States That a plan of confederation be prepared and transmitted to the respective Colonies for their consideration and approbation.June 12, 1776 Second Continental Congress appointed a committee to prepare a draft of a constitution for a union of the states! (Dickinson presents draft in July 1776) would then be sent to the States in Nov. 1777 & ratified by the States in Mar. 1781! Lee Resolution served THREE purposes!* In March 1781, one month after ratification, the Second Continental Congress became the Congress of the Confederation * The Congress of the Confederation & theArticles of confederationwas a document signed amongst the 13 original States that established the United States of America as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. (proposed to the States November 15, 1777)THINK: Why were the Articles of Confederation of utmost importance to the delegates to the Second Continental Congress? 1.) Provided international legitimacy the basis for foreign aid & diplomacy (helped transform the States from Outlaws into a legitimate State)
2.) Created unity among the 13 States during the Rev. War
3.) Created a blueprint for leadership guidance during & after the Rev. War
4.) Created a stronger union & government strong enough to fend off Great Britain Why theArticles of confederationABOUT The Articles of ConfederationType of Government ConfederationSovereignty: each StateThree Branches Legislative Branch: Unicameral States had 1 vote9 out of 13 states were necessary to pass lawsStrengths & Weaknesses?
Executive & Legislative Branches: NoneStrengths & Weaknesses? The Articles of Confederation as a Constitution 13 out of 13 states had to OK for an amendment
All powers not delegated to Congress were left to States ABOUT The Articles of ConfederationMiscellaneous Power to tax? NOPE! (why a problem?)
Power to regulate trade? NOPE!
Power to print money & make loans? Yes
Power to govern western territories? YesWar Powers Power to negotiate treaties? Yes
Power to declare war? Yes
Power to raise an army and navy? Yes
Power to draft troops? NOPE! (why a problem?) The Articles of ConfederationMini-QuizThe Articles of Confederation created a President to lead the country. States were still independent under the Articles.It was a fairly simple process to change the Articles.Under the Articles of Confederation, the more people a state had, the more votes it got in Congress.The Congress created by the Articles did not have the power to collect taxes.Under the Articles, States had to obey the laws Congress passed.When planning for the Constitution, delegates at the Second Continental Congress agreed that the central government should have more power.For the most part, the States under the Articles got along well with one another.June 7, 1776Richard Henry Lee proposes the Lee ResolutionLee proposes a resolution that calls for drafting a declaration of independence and a confederal plan of government. June 12, 1776Congressional committee is appointed to draft the Articles of ConfederationCongress appoints a committee chaired by John Dickinson to draft the plan of confederation. July 2, 1776Congressional committee submits draft of the Articles to CongressJohn Dickinson's draft of the Articles of Confederation is submitted to Congress for debate and revisionNovember 15, 1777Congress completes the ArticlesThe final version of the Articles of Confederation is adopted by Congress and submitted to the states for ratification (approval). March 1, 1781Establishment of the United States government* Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation, formally establishing the first government of the United States and creating the Confederation Congress. *October 17, 1781Surrender at Yorktown and the end of the Revolutionary WarBritish General Charles Cornwallis surrenders to the Continental Army at Yorktown, Virginia, ending the Revolutionary war between the United States and Great Britain.May 25, 1787Meeting of the Philadelphia ConventionDelegates from all states except Rhode Island meet in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation.
The United States of America (1780s)After the Revolutionary War