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The Desert War

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The Desert War. El Alamein and Montgomery By: Kevin Burgess. Overview. “El Alamein-the battle that for the Allies came to symbolize the turning point of the entire war. It takes its name from a lonely railway station in the Egyptian Desert a mile or so from the North African coast.”. Who?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Desert War

  • The Desert WarEl Alamein and Montgomery By: Kevin Burgess

  • OverviewEl Alamein-the battle that for the Allies came to symbolize the turning point of the entire war. It takes its name from a lonely railway station in the Egyptian Desert a mile or so from the North African coast.

  • Who?American Commanders-Dwight Eisenhower, George S. Patton Jr.

    British Commanders-Bernard Montgomery German Commanders-Erwin Rommel (The Desert Fox)

  • What?The battle of El Alamein was a very significant battle fought in North Africa.

    The battle was a last attempt for the Allied forces to defeat Rommel and his men.

    The battle ended with an Allied victory and the retreat of Rommel.

  • When / Where?The Allied forces were being heavily attacked in June through October of 1942.

    The Allied forces made a final stand at the battle of El Alamein which caused Rommel to retreat in February of 1943.

  • Why?The Allies wanted to take control of Northern Africa for one main reason.-By defeating the Germans in Northern Africa it would allow the Allied forces to invade Italy.

  • Allied Vs. AxisAllied- By the middle of October the Eighth Army totaled 195,000 men, 1,351 tanks and 1,900 pieces of artillery

    Axis- The Germans had 110,000 men and 500 tanks. A number of these tanks were poor Italian tanks and could not match the new Shermans. The Germans were also short of fuel.

  • Speech From Montgomery to the 8th Army.http://www.earthstation1.com/WWIIAudio/Great_Britain/Gen.MontgomeryTo8thArmy4210.wav

  • Significance to the WarEl Alamein was a major win for the Allied forces in North Africa. Which allowed them to advance forward on Germany and Italy and ultimately capture 240,000 Axis troops, both German and Italian.

  • ?Questions?Who were the 3 Allied commanders that led the North African Forces?

    Why was it important to take control of Northern Africa?

    True or False: The Axis tanks advancing had much more supplies then the Allied forces.

  • !Answers!The 3 Allied commanders were, for the United states, Dwight Eisenhower who was eventually replaced by George S Patton Jr. and for Great Britain, Bernard Montgomery.

    By taking control of Northern Africa it would allow the Allies to invade Italy

    False- The Allied forces were heavily armored and supplied compared to the Axis powers.

  • MLALapansky-Werner, Emma J, Peter G. Levy, Randy Roberts and Alan Taylor. United States History : Reconstruction to the President, Boston : Prentice Hall, 2008, Print.

    Stratton, Molly., ed. World War II : War in the Mediterranean. Danbury : Grolier Educational Corporation, 1995. Print.

    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/battle_of_el_alamein.htmhttp://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWelalamein.htm

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