The Different Buddhist Traditions

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The Different Buddhist Traditions. The Different Buddhist Traditions. One of the results of the Buddhist Second Council which took place about 100 years after the Buddhas passing (c. 386 BCE), was the Great Schism of Buddhism. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>The Different Buddhist Traditions</p></li><li><p>The Different Buddhist TraditionsOne of the results of the Buddhist Second Council which took place about 100 years after the Buddhas passing (c. 386 BCE), was the Great Schism of Buddhism.</p><p>The Buddhist Order formally split into two sects generally known as the Sthaviravadins (forerunners of Theravada and the Mahasanghikas (forerunners of the Mahayana). </p></li><li><p>The Different Buddhist TraditionsOne of the results of the Buddhist Second Council which took place about 100 years after the Buddhas passing (c. 386 BCE), was the Great Schism of Buddhism.</p><p>The Buddhist Order formally split into two sects generally known as the Sthaviravadins (forerunners of Theravada and the Mahasanghikas (forerunners of the Mahayana). </p></li><li><p>The Different Buddhist TraditionsTheravada means the Teachings of the Elders. </p><p>Mahayana means the Great Vehicle.</p><p>The demeaning term Hinayana or Lesser Vehicle was used by the early Mahayana to elevate themselves above Theravada. It has negative connotations and is seldom used nowadays.</p></li><li><p>The Different Buddhist TraditionsTheravada means the Teachings of the Elders. </p><p>Mahayana means the Great Vehicle.</p><p>The demeaning term Hinayana or Lesser Vehicle was used by the early Mahayana to elevate themselves above Theravada. It has negative connotations and is seldom used nowadays.</p></li><li><p>The Different Buddhist TraditionsTheravada means the Teachings of the Elders. </p><p>Mahayana means the Great Vehicle.</p><p>The demeaning term Hinayana or Lesser Vehicle was used by the early Mahayana to elevate themselves above Theravada. It has negative connotations and is seldom used nowadays.</p></li><li><p>TheravadaThe earliest available teachings of the Buddha are in the Pali language, which is used by the Theravadins.</p><p>These teachings were brought to Sri Lanka at the time of the Third Council (c. 250 BCE) where they took root, and despite several difficult periods, remain intact till today. Theravada Buddhism is also the main religion of Thailand, Burma and Cambodia.</p></li><li><p>TheravadaThe earliest available teachings of the Buddha are in the Pali language, which is used by the Theravadins.</p><p>These teachings were brought to Sri Lanka at the time of the Third Council (c. 250 BCE) where they took root, and despite several difficult periods, remain intact till today. Theravada Buddhism is also the main religion of Thailand, Burma and Cambodia.</p></li><li><p>TheravadaAlthough the Sangha may belong to different sects in their countries, the teachings are essentially homogenous with insignificant, if any, differences at all.</p><p>Theravada Buddhism is currently enjoying a growing popularity in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia and other Western countries due to the easier availability of English language materials and teachings and the internet.</p></li><li><p>TheravadaAlthough the Sangha may belong to different sects in their countries, the teachings are essentially homogenous with insignificant, if any, differences at all.</p><p>Theravada Buddhism is currently enjoying a growing popularity in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia and other Western countries due to the easier availability of English language materials and teachings and the internet.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaMahayana comprises a great variety of schools of Buddhism found in China, Japan, Korea and Tibet.</p><p>These schools originated in India after the Second Council and developed from new ideas within Buddhist thought as well as incorporating some Brahministic, Hindu and other concepts.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaMahayana comprises a great variety of schools of Buddhism found in China, Japan, Korea and Tibet.</p><p>These schools originated in India after the Second Council and developed from new ideas within Buddhist thought as well as incorporating some Brahministic, Hindu and other concepts.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaAs Buddhism spread to China around the 1st century CE, it also absorbed elements of Taoism and Confucianism in order to survive and adapt to the local culture and society.</p><p>When Buddhism spread to Tibet in the 7th century CE, it already had Indian Tantric influences and also absorbed elements of the local Bon religion. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaAs Buddhism spread to China around the 1st century CE, it also absorbed elements of Taoism and Confucianism in order to survive and adapt to the local culture and society.</p><p>When Buddhism spread to Tibet in the 7th century CE, it already had Indian Tantric influences and also absorbed elements of the local Bon religion. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaMahayana developed new concepts, in particular the Bodhisattva ideal, which they then formulated into new sutras and attributed them to the Buddha.</p><p>These sutras, such as the Lotus Sutra, Heart Sutra, Diamond Sutra, Amitabha Sutra, etc. usually originated in the Sanskrit language and formed the basis of the Mahayana teachings. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaMahayana developed new concepts, in particular the Bodhisattva ideal, which they then formulated into new sutras and attributed them to the Buddha.</p><p>These sutras, such as the Lotus Sutra, Heart Sutra, Diamond Sutra, Amitabha Sutra, etc. usually originated in the Sanskrit language and formed the basis of the Mahayana teachings. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaOne of the defining sutras in Mahayana is the Lotus Sutra (1st century CE) where the Buddha for the first time, is seen as a god-like father figure, as opposed to an enlightened human spiritual teacher. </p><p>The Arahant ideal of early Buddhism was also downgraded to below that of the Bodhisattva ideal, a new concept of Mahayana Buddhism. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaOne of the defining sutras in Mahayana is the Lotus Sutra (1st century CE) where the Buddha for the first time, is seen as a god-like father figure, as opposed to an enlightened human spiritual teacher. </p><p>The Arahant ideal of early Buddhism was also downgraded to below that of the Bodhisattva ideal, a new concept of Mahayana Buddhism. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaThere are several major schools of the Mahayana tradition : </p><p>Chan / Zen Buddhism</p><p>Pureland / Amitabha Buddhism</p><p>Vajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism</p></li><li><p>MahayanaThere are several major schools of the Mahayana tradition : </p><p>Chan / Zen Buddhism</p><p>Pureland / Amitabha Buddhism</p><p>Vajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism</p></li><li><p>MahayanaThere are several major schools of the Mahayana tradition : </p><p>Chan / Zen Buddhism</p><p>Pureland / Amitabha Buddhism</p><p>Vajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism</p></li><li><p>MahayanaThere are several major schools of the Mahayana tradition : </p><p>Chan / Zen Buddhism</p><p>Pureland / Amitabha Buddhism</p><p>Vajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism</p></li><li><p>MahayanaChan / Zen Buddhism :</p><p>The establishment of Chan is traditionally credited to the Indian prince-turned-monk Bodhidharma around the 5th century CE.</p><p>The aim of Chan / Zen is to discover the Buddha-nature within each person, through meditation and mindfulness of daily experiences. It does not place emphasis on written and verbal teachings. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaChan / Zen Buddhism :</p><p>The establishment of Chan is traditionally credited to the Indian prince-turned-monk Bodhidharma around the 5th century CE.</p><p>The aim of Chan / Zen is to discover the Buddha-nature within each person, through meditation and mindfulness of daily experiences. It does not place emphasis on written and verbal teachings. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaPureland / Amitabha Buddhism :</p><p>This is based on the Pure Land Sutras, brought to China in the 2nd century CE and is a "faith"-oriented branch of Buddhism.</p><p>It is very popular in East Asia, originally among the peasants, as it provides an alternative and easier route to enlightenment. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaPureland / Amitabha Buddhism :</p><p>This is based on the Pure Land Sutras, brought to China in the 2nd century CE and is a "faith"-oriented branch of Buddhism.</p><p>It is very popular in East Asia, originally among the peasants, as it provides an alternative and easier route to enlightenment. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaAmitabha Buddha :Amitabha Buddha means the Buddha of Boundless Light or Infinite Life and is the main Buddha of the Pure Land sect. </p><p>They believe that he resides in Sukhavati, the Western Paradise of Eternal Bliss, or simply the Pure Land, which he created through his infinite merits when he was a Bodhisattva named Dharmakara.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaAmitabha Buddha :Amitabha Buddha means the Buddha of Boundless Light or Infinite Life and is the main Buddha of the Pure Land sect. </p><p>They believe that he resides in Sukhavati, the Western Paradise of Eternal Bliss, or simply the Pure Land, which he created through his infinite merits when he was a Bodhisattva named Dharmakara.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaAmitabha Buddha :They believe that Nirvana has become too difficult to attain on our own, and that only through devotion to Amitabha that can one be reborn in the Pure Land, from which enlightenment is guaranteed. </p><p>A central practice is the concentrated and heartfelt repetitive recitation of Namo Amitabha Buddha or Namo Amituofo.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaAmitabha Buddha :They believe that Nirvana has become too difficult to attain on our own, and that only through devotion to Amitabha that can one be reborn in the Pure Land, from which enlightenment is guaranteed. </p><p>A central practice is the concentrated and heartfelt repetitive recitation of Namo Amitabha Buddha or Namo Amituofo.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>The earliest documented influence of Buddhism in Tibet dates from the 7th century CE. Its teachings includes Tantras which are orally-transmitted esoteric rituals or meditation practices. </p><p>In Vajrayana, such teachings cannot be understood and should not to be practiced without the guidance of a guru. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>The earliest documented influence of Buddhism in Tibet dates from the 7th century CE. Its teachings includes Tantras which are orally-transmitted esoteric rituals or meditation practices. </p><p>In Vajrayana, such teachings cannot be understood and should not to be practiced without the guidance of a guru. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>The goal of Vajrayana is to become a Buddha / Bodhisattva not only for one's own sake, but to help all other sentient beings also attain enlightenment and be free from Samsara and suffering.</p><p>Buddhas and Bodhisattvas can manifest on earth, eg. the Dalai Lama is the manifestation of Avalokiteshvara.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>The goal of Vajrayana is to become a Buddha / Bodhisattva not only for one's own sake, but to help all other sentient beings also attain enlightenment and be free from Samsara and suffering.</p><p>Buddhas and Bodhisattvas can manifest on earth, eg. the Dalai Lama is the manifestation of Avalokiteshvara.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>Four main schools :</p><p>NyingmaKagyuSakyaGelug</p></li><li><p>MahayanaVajrayana / Tibetan Buddhism :</p><p>Four main schools :</p><p>NyingmaKagyuSakyaGelug</p></li><li><p>Trikaya or Three BodiesNirmanakaya / Transformation Body The physical body that appears in the world to teach and liberate others. Sambhogakaya / Reward Body It is the bliss of enlightenment and the reward of spiritual practice. Dharmakaya / Truth Body Embodies the Dharma and principles of enlightenment. It is the Buddha nature without limits, boundaries or distinctions.</p></li><li><p>Trikaya or Three BodiesNirmanakaya / Transformation Body The physical body that appears in the world to teach and liberate others. Sambhogakaya / Reward Body It is the bliss of enlightenment and the reward of spiritual practice. Dharmakaya / Truth Body Embodies the Dharma and principles of enlightenment. It is the Buddha nature without limits, boundaries or distinctions.</p></li><li><p>Trikaya or Three BodiesNirmanakaya / Transformation Body The physical body that appears in the world to teach and liberate others. Sambhogakaya / Reward Body It is the bliss of enlightenment and the reward of spiritual practice. Dharmakaya / Truth Body Embodies the Dharma and principles of enlightenment. It is the Buddha nature without limits, boundaries or distinctions.</p></li><li><p>Trikaya or Three BodiesNirmanakaya / Transformation Body The physical body that appears in the world to teach and liberate others. Sambhogakaya / Reward Body It is the bliss of enlightenment and the reward of spiritual practice. Dharmakaya / Truth Body Embodies the Dharma and principles of enlightenment. It is the Buddha nature without limits, boundaries or distinctions.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaKuan Yin :Kuan Yin or Guanyin is short for Guanshi'yin which means "Observing the Cries of the World". </p><p>As the Goddess of Mercy, she is very popular among Chinese Buddhists as the protector of women and children, the saviour of those who are in trouble and is the personification of unconditional love, mercy and compassion.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaKuan Yin :Kuan Yin or Guanyin is short for Guanshi'yin which means "Observing the Cries of the World". </p><p>As the Goddess of Mercy, she is very popular among Chinese Buddhists as the protector of women and children, the saviour of those who are in trouble and is the personification of unconditional love, mercy and compassion.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaKuan Yin :She likely originated from Avalokitevara (her male form), the Bodhisattva who vowed to help all sentient beings in times of difficulty, and postpone his own Buddhahood until he has assisted all beings to attain Nirvana.</p><p>Also known as Chenrezig in Vajrayana, and Kannon in Japan.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaKuan Yin :She likely originated from Avalokitevara (her male form), the Bodhisattva who vowed to help all sentient beings in times of difficulty, and postpone his own Buddhahood until he has assisted all beings to attain Nirvana.</p><p>Also known as Chenrezig in Vajrayana, and Kannon in Japan.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaMaitreya :Maitreya (Sanskrit) or Metteyya (Pali), is supposed to be the future Buddha of this world and the successor to our current Gotama Sakyamuni Buddha. </p><p>He is said to be in the Tusita Heaven where all future Buddhas reside before their last birth on earth. Maitreya will come after the teachings of the current Buddha have disappeared completely. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaMaitreya :Maitreya (Sanskrit) or Metteyya (Pali), is supposed to be the future Buddha of this world and the successor to our current Gotama Sakyamuni Buddha. </p><p>He is said to be in the Tusita Heaven where all future Buddhas reside before their last birth on earth. Maitreya will come after the teachings of the current Buddha have disappeared completely. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaKsitigarbha Bodhisattva :Also known as Ti-Tsang Wang P'usa or Earth Store Bodhisattva, Ksitigarbha is one of the 4 principal Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism, with Manjusri, Samantabhadra and Avalokitesvara. </p><p>He is known for his great vow : If the Hells are not empty I will not attain Buddhahood.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaKsitigarbha Bodhisattva :Also known as Ti-Tsang Wang P'usa or Earth Store Bodhisattva, Ksitigarbha is one of the 4 principal Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism, with Manjusri, Samantabhadra and Avalokitesvara. </p><p>He is known for his great vow : If the Hells are not empty I will not attain Buddhahood.</p></li><li><p>MahayanaLaughing Buddha :The Laughing Buddha, or Pu-Tai, has no association with the current Buddha but emerged from Chinese folklore based on a Chinese monk who later revealed himself as an incarnation of Maitreya.</p><p>Known in Japan as Hotei, rubbing his belly is thought to bring good luck, happiness and prosperity. </p></li><li><p>MahayanaLaughing Buddha :The...</p></li></ul>