The End of the Cold War - soc and the End of the Cold War Detente: French word meaning, ease of tensions

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  • The End of the Cold War

  • Detente and the End of the Cold War ● Detente: French word meaning, ease of tensions ● Refers to a time period, starting around 1970, when there was a lessening of tensions

    between the United States and the Soviet Union ● Cuban Missile Crisis/the reality of a nuclear war threat helped each country GET A GRIP

    and realize the magnitude of this conflict ● Nixon and National Security Advisor Kissinger favored a “multipolar world”: one in which

    the Super Powers of the U.S. and Soviet Union could COEXIST. Gasp! ● Two Big Moments:

    ○ February 1972: Nixon visits China ○ May 1972: American-Soviet Summit

  • Nixon Visits China/ American Soviet Summit 1972

    ● Richard Nixon visits Communist China in 1972 ● Ended several decades of wary relations between the US and China that had seen

    the two countries spar in the Korean and Vietnam war ● Began the long process of opening up China to the outside world after years of

    isolation

    During a week of summit meetings in Moscow the U.S. and the USSR reached a number of agreements: including…

    ● One that laid the groundwork for a joint space flight in 1975 ● Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT): limited the U.S. and the USSR to anti

    ballistic missiles ●

  • ● Slowly but surely, U.S.S.R. begins to lose reigns over eastern bloc countries. ○ Gorbachev wants to reform nation as combo communism/democracy ○ Radical policies abandoned and people favored more moderate approach ○ Younger generations want change!

    ● Eastern bloc countries begin to rebel ○ Independence movements (Lithuania, Moldova, Estonia, Latvia, Armenia, etc.) ○ Fall of Berlin Wall

    ● 1989 and 1990, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes in eastern Europe.

    ● Late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics

  • The Fall of the Berlin Wall

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fK1MwhEDjHg