Writing the Essay Writing a First Draft Revision Editing
Writing the First Draft You will most likely add to what you wrote during prewriting. Dont worry about grammar, punctuation, or spelling yet.
Revision Definition: Rewriting a paper, building on what has already been done in order to make it stronger
Quick Hints to Make Revisions Easier Set it aside for at least a day. Work from typed or printed text. Read it aloud to yourself. Add your thoughts and changes directly on the paper.
Three Stages to the Revising Process Revising Content Revising Sentences
Revising Content Is my paper UNIFIED? Is my paper SUPPORTED? Is my paper ORGANIZED?
Unified? Do I have a thesis that is clearly stated or implied in the introductory paragraph of my essay? Do all my supporting paragraphs truly support and back up my thesis?
Supported? Are there three separate supporting points for the thesis? Do I have specific evidence for each of the three supporting points? Is there plenty of specific evidence for each supporting point?
Organized? Do I have an interesting introduction, a solid conclusion, and an accurate title? Do I have a clear method of organizing my paper? Do I use transitions and other connecting words?
Editing the Essay
Editing Definition: Checking for and correcting grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Eliminating these types of mistakes will improve your paper and your grade! FYI!
The Independent Clause Has subject, verb, and a complete thought. Example: John went to town. The Dependent Clause Has subject, verb, and does NOT complete a thought. Example: When John went to town
Run-On Sentences A run-on sentence incorrectly runs together two independent clauses without a conjunction or punctuation. EXAMPLE: My neighbor Mr. Hoffman is seventy-five years old he plays tennis every Saturday afternoon. My neighbor Mr. Hoffman is seventy-five years old. He plays tennis every Saturday afternoon.
Comma Splices A comma splice incorrectly joins two independent clauses with a comma but no conjunction. EXAMPLE: My neighbor Mr. Hoffman is seventy-five years old, he plays tennis every Saturday afternoon. My neighbor Mr. Hoffman is seventy-five years old, and he plays tennis every Saturday afternoon.
Fragments A fragment is a group of words punctuated like a sentence but missing one of the important elements to make it a sentence: a subject, a verb, or a complete thought. EXAMPLE: Running along the beach.