Embed Size (px)
The Frick Collection Report
The Frick residence under construction, c.
The Frick Collection Report
Henry Clay Frick and his granddaughter Adelaide at Eagle Rock,Fricks summer residence in Prides Crossing, Massachusetts, .The image is one of hundreds of Frick family photographs from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives, recently preserved by the Librarys Conservation Department.
The Frick Collection Report
The Frick Collection Board of Trustees
Helen Clay Chace
Peter P. Blanchard III
Margot C. Bogert
I. Townsend Burden III
Walter Joseph Patrick Curley
L. F. Boker Doyle
Emily T. Frick
Henry Clay Frick II
Nicholas H. J. Hall
Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.
Melvin R. Seiden
Council of The Frick Collection
Young Fellows Steering Committee
Nicholas H. J. Hall, ChairmanJulian AgnewIrene Roosevelt AitkenJean A. BonnaW. M. BradyJonathan BrownVivien R. Clark Peter DuchinRobert GarrettMauro A. HerlitzkaJoseph L. Koerner, Vice ChairmanJon Landau
Douglas B. LeedsMartha Loring, ex officioDiane Allen NixonRichard E. OldenburgPaul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Marc PorterSamuel Sachs II, ex officioMelvin R. SeidenDeirdre C. StamWynant D. Vanderpoel IIINina Zilkha
Nathalie Kaplan, ChairmanElizabeth FlemingAmy Mazzola FlynnLisa Rossi GorrivanPhilip C. GorrivanJulian IragorriRobert LindgrenVictoria Lindgren
Martha Loring, SecretaryJennifer NillesVictoria RotenstreichJuan SabaterLouise SchliemannChristine ScornavaccaGenevieve Wheeler
The Frick Collection Board of Trustees Council of The Frick Collection Young Fellows Steering Committee Report of the President Report of the Director A Tribute to a Tremendous Force Curatorial Exhibitions, Lectures & Publications Concerts Frick Art Reference Library Public Affairs Gifts & Grants
Fellows and Friends of The Frick Collection Corporate Members Autumn Dinner A Tartan Ball
Financial Statements Staff Credits
The Frick Collection participated in the exuberanceand successes of early with an expanding audienceand increased programming. Then came the tragediesof September in New York, Washington, and Penn-sylvania, which brought sadness to so many people anduncertainty to our institution. While many avoidedNew York City in the aftermath, those who remainedcould find refuge and solace in places such as TheFrick Collection. It was our privilege to join many ofour fellow museums in opening our doors free to thepublic in the days immediately following the attacks,as a gesture of welcome and unity.
We continue to struggle with the after-effects of lastfall. Attendance in the museum was at record levelsthrough August, but plummeted in the final quarter of. In September and October visitorship fell nearlyfifty percent from the prior year, and the two year-endmonths were only modestly better. The falloff in atten-dance was the most dramatic of many effects to ripplethrough the institution, and between September andDecember, we lost more than $ million in revenuebudgeted for . This situation exacerbated the finan-cial difficulties brought on by recession and a witheringstock market. Only through stringent belt-tighteningand aggressive fiscal management were we able to closethe books with a nearly balanced bottom line, as thefinancial statements on pages and attest. Theseeffects will certainly be with us in the year to come.
I extend my personal thanks to the Trustees of TheFrick Collection who are more dedicated than ever topreserving this institution and all that it represents.The Board has continued to move forward in cement-ing the stewardship of the organization. We have beeninvigorated by the addition of a new trustee, JuanSabater, who was elected to fill the vacancy created bythe resignation of Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, now Chair-man Emeritus. Juan has been an active participant inthe Young Fellows Steering Committee for many years.In addition to the keen acumen of an investmentbanker, he brings to the Board the unique perspectiveof our extraordinary group of Young Fellows, whoseSteering Committee, chaired by Nathalie Gerschel
Report ofthe President
Helen Clay Chace ,
Minturn V. Chace, Helen Clay Chace, Beth Sachs, and Samuel Sachs II at the Spring Party and opening reception for El Greco: Themesand Variations.
Kaplan, has been so resolute and effective in its sup-port of our programs. Their very successful annualYoung Fellows Ball held in February is now a signa-ture event for the under-forty set and underwrites asignificant portion of our Education Program.
Board development is just one facet of the effortsthat have evolved from our strategic planning. Ourcommitment to providing the leadership and resourcesto support the mission of the Collection has resultedin greater outreach to the philanthropic community.A trustee sub-committee on Major Gifts has beenformed to provide the basis for continuing to buildour fundraising efforts, which are so necessary inorder to address our long-standing programmatic andphysical-plant needs. Our Buildings and GroundsCommittee continues to confer with our architecturaladvisors to assess the dual challenges of an agingplant and cramped working conditions that exist in alldepartments of the Collection and the Library. Thework of these two committees is part of the broaderplanning process for institutional preservation andenhancement. We are clear in our goal to maintain the historic pre-eminence of this exceptional museumand library.
Thanks to a major grant from and the continuingsupport of The Helen Clay Frick Foundation, aunique, collaborative effort has been launchedbetween the Frick Art Reference Library and the University of Pittsburgh to restore the extensive andcomplete archive of the personal papers of HenryClay Frick and his daughter, Helen Clay Frick. At thecompletion of this project, these valuable records willbe made available for the first time at our Library andat the Archives of Industrial Society in Pittsburgh.
Also, we are heartened by the broadening base ofcontributors who enhance our activities in so manyways. In that regard, we were particularly pleased, lastJanuary, at our annual Henry Clay Frick Fellows Dinner, tobe able to recognize Eugene V. Thaw, one of thosepersons who has steadfastly supportedoften quietlyand behind the scenesa wide range of programs atThe Frick Collection, throughout the city, and around
the nation. Gene is a leader in the art community, aconnoisseur, a collector, and a visionary who has con-tinually recognized the fundamental needs of artinstitutions and has provided encouragement for theseessential purposes. I am very glad to reiterate ourgratitude and indebtedness to him.
At our Autumn Dinner, held in October and generously chaired by Michel David-Weill, we welcomed back to New York an extraordinary couple,Neil and Angelica Rudenstine, who have done somuch for education and the arts. Their efforts onbehalf of Harvard University and The Andrew W.Mellon Foundation will enrich the humanities and thearts for generations to come. We value their commit-ment and hope that the Collection will benefit fromtheir remarkable example in our own endeavors. Theevenings celebration was also a great financial success,providing badly needed support at a very difficulttime. We are especially grateful for the organizationand support of the Frick Council, chaired byNicholas Hall, which made this event possible.
On behalf of the Board of Trustees, I would liketo express our appreciation to the Director, SamuelSachs II, and his staff for their dedicated workthroughout this trying year. We are happy to have theopportunity to thank all our supporters who haveattended events, joined or renewed as Members, givento our first Annual Appeal, and in so many other wayscontributed to the vibrancy of this Collection andLibrary. I look forward to seeing you in the comingyear at the opening of one of our exhibitions, at aconcert or a lecture, at the Library, or simply spend-ing an hour of unqualified pleasure in the galleries ofThe Frick Collection.
For much of last year, the Fifth Avenue Garden ofThe Frick Collection was surrounded by an imposingfence, which boldly announced Restoration.While a few people telephoned to ask if this meantthat the Collection was closed to the public, mostwere not discouraged, and through the first eightmonths of the year a great many visitors lined up inrecord numbers to view the galleries and our threememorable exhibitions.
When the fence came down late in the winter,many were surprised to discover that they were unableto discern much change. Indeed, often when an his-toric landmark is restored, the most costly improve-ments are virtually invisiblegutters, roofs,foundation wallsall essential but very much behindthe scenes. In this case, upon closer examination, onediscovered that the beautiful but rusting wrought-ironfence designed by William H. Jackson had beenpainstakingly restored, and the limestone walls, whichwere previously cracked, seeping water, and patchedtogether, were solid once again. Following the tragicevents of September , these renewed signs of ourpermanence and longevity were most welcome.
While the exterior was being restored, we were sim-ilarly engaged in preserving and restoring the collec-tions and rooms. Some of the projects resulted inquite visible changes to the galleries. The opening upof the Boucher Room, following a beautiful restora-tion of its eighteenth-century parquet floor, allowsclose examination of the charming panels for the firsttime. Additionally, the removal of the stanchions inthe West Gallery and its subsequent reorganizationhave served to open that space and give greater promi-nence to our superb collection of Renaissance bronzesculpture.
Another subtle but equally important project wasthe re-creation of the draperies in the Fragonard Room.Based on the original designsand similarly woven bythe firm of Prelle in Lyonthe new draperies, fringe,and tasseled tie-backs have brought renewed brillianceto that gallery. We are grateful to Brooke Astor forgenerously helping to make this possible.
Report ofthe Director
Samuel Sachs II
Refurbishing the galleries is just one of the priori-ties identified in the space-planning component ofour strategic plan. Below stairs we have been activelypursuing a host of other initiatives that are key to thefurtherance of our mission. In addition to basicpreservation and safety issues, we are particularlyfocused on those aspects of the buildings that limitour programs, and we are eager to find solutions tosuch diverse issues as the need for better education,conservation, and exhibition spaces, and the finiteshelving in an ever-growing Library. As we enhanceour quality and scope in each arena, furthering ourmission of excellence, the need becomes more criticalfor adequate space for professional and support staff,for staging areas, and easily accessible exhibition gal-leries offering higher ceilings, dependable environmen-tal control, and flexible lighting.
In the interim, we have learned to live with suchlimitations, and they certainly did not prevent us frommounting an exciting exhibition program this pastyear. Master Drawings from the Smith College Museum ofArt, El Greco: Themes and Variations, and The Art of theTimekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest werewidely praised for their unique quality, interest, andcontribution to the New York art scene. The futurepromises more of the same, with an expanding rosterof first-class exhibitions planned for the years tocome.
The space situation at the Library has been madeall the more pressing by the arrival of the FrickArchives (some thirteen hundred linear feet), on long-term loan from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation.The extraordinary agreement between the Collection,the Foundation, and the University of Pittsburgh willeventually, and for the first time, provide public accessto the enormous trove of archival material fromHenry Clay Frick and his descendents, including doc-umentation of works of art now or previously in theCollection, photographs, home movies, and architec-tural and business records. This material is beingjointly documented, preserved, and made accessible bythe Collection and the University of Pittsburgh, and Samuel Sachs II, Director
Workers in the Fifth Avenue Garden rebuild the stone wall and stairway after repairing deterioration caused by years of water damage.Whenever possible, original stones were recarved to remove damaged surface areas, then rebuilt into the repaired structures.
represents an unprecedented contribution to ourknowledge of the Frick family, art, and business his-tory. The Frick Collectionindeed, the entire coun-tryowes a debt of gratitude to the trustees of TheHelen Clay Frick Foundation for their tireless effortsto make this material accessible and to support itslong-term preservation.
The Frick Archives is an exceptional addition toour outreach activities and dovetails perfectly withother scholarly initiatives currently underway or indevelopment. The Council of The Frick Collection,under the inspired guidance of Nicholas Hall, hastaken a leadership role in the encouragement of suchactivities both in the Library and in the Collection. Inparticular, our work in this area could not haveoccurred without the generous help of Dr. JonathanBrown, who not only aided in the conception and exe-cution of the El Greco exhibition, but also hasencouraged the Councils support of our scholarlypursuits. Having an academician of his stature buildsstrength upon strength, and heralds a renewed com-mitment to first principles in our intellectual focus.We are deeply fortunate to have people of such cal-iber willing to give so much and so selflessly.
Our recent accomplishments in myriad activities
The restoration projectincluded repairing the wrought-iron fence that surrounds the FifthAvenue Garden. After beingstripped down to bare metal, thefence was hand-painted with arust-inhibiting primer before twocoats of black paint were applied.
are the result of a formidable team efforta team ofTrustees, Staff, Council, the Young Fellows SteeringCommittee, and, indeed, all of our members anddonors who have contributed to our life this past year. All, I trust, share with me an appreciation ofour past and the vision of our future, a dedication to preservation, and the promise to meet tomorrowsneeds. This center of art and scholarship began as thevision of one man, but in giving it to the public hecharged all of us with the responsibility for its evolu-tion. We stand at a critical moment in our history,when your commitment is sought and valued morethan ever before.
On December , it was announced at the annual meeting ofthe Board of Trustees that Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, grandson ofthe Collections founder and a board member for forty-eight yearsand President since , had chosen to retire. The board voted toconfer on him the title of Chairman Emeritus. Fellow trustee PaulG. Pennoyer described his service to the Collection as follows:
Clay, as Dr. Frick was known to his friends and asso-ciates, was first elected to the Board of Trustees in. His father, Childs Frick, was then President ofthe board, and his aunt, Helen Clay Frick, was Secre-tary. In , Clay was elected Vice President, takingthe place of Junius Spencer Morgan. Clays fatherrelinquished the presidency a few months before hedied in . Soon after, Clay was elected President, aposition he held until his resignation in , whenhis niece Helen Clay Chace assumed this role.
During his tenure on the board, he served with fiveDirectors: Franklin Biebel, Harry Grier, Everett Fahy,Charles Ryskamp, and Samuel Sachs II. During hispresidency several remarkable paintings were added tothe Collection, including Three Soldiers by Brueghel,Comte and Chevalier de Choiseul by Drouais, Madonna andChild with Sts. Lawrence and Julian by Gentile da Fabriano,Portrait of a Man by Memling, and The Portal of Valenci-ennes by Watteau.
During his watch, the property adjoining the Col-lection was acquired, which allowed for the construc-tion of the Seventieth Street Garden as well as anaddition to accommodate visitor needs and specialexhibition galleries. Other major undertakingsincluded the publication of the complete Catalogue ofthe Collection, the inauguration of the exhibitionprogram, and, perhaps most significantly, the mergerof the Library with the Collection in followed bythe campaign to create the Librarys own endowment.Clay was instrumental in getting the drive started withan $. million grant from The Helen Clay FrickFoundation.
This cold recitation of historical events does notbegin to describe the role that Clay played as Presi-dent of the Trustees. Even though he inherited the
A Tribute to aTremendousForceDr. Henry Clay Frick II
Paul G. Pennoyer
position, he bore its responsibilities heavily and withdeep concern not only for the institution, but also forthe staff and for each of us who were his colleagues.He ran board meetings with great sensitivity to theviews of its members, always letting them expresstheir opinions before delivering his own. Whenever hewas in the area, there were few weeks when he did notcome by the Collection two or three times to, in hiswords, see how things were going.
He is probably the last surviving Frick to have livedat the Collection, staying with his grandmother whileshe occupied the house during the s. Not surpris-ingly, he believed strongly in Henry Clay Fricksadmonition to maintain the Collection as much aspossible like the home that it had been.
He was insistent over the years that the Collectioncontrol its spending. Although he had some difficultyunderstanding accounting, he spent many hours withthe Collections officers in charge of money matters
Dr. Henry Clay Frick II, Chairman Emeritus
trying to find out if the Collection was holding to itsbudget. Like many of us, he did not seem to be ableto understand that a negative expense was actually areduced expense. A negative sign to him was, after all,red ink. One could well say that thanks to Claysthrifty instincts, the Collection today enjoys a healthyendowment.
During his many years of service to the Collection,Clay provided wise and caring leadership as well asconstant loyalty and the warmth of his devotion tothe institution. As a result of his remarkable steward-ship, The Frick Collection remains the treasure thathis grandfather envisioned, and we offer heartfeltappreciation to him for leading us in the preservationand enhancement of this living legacy.
The Frick Collection houses over eleven hundredworks of art from the Renaissance to the late nine-teenth century, including paintings, sculpture, workson paper, and objects of decorative art. Throughacquisitions, exhibitions, publications, conservationprojects, and programs for scholars, the public, andmiddle and high school students, the curatorial staffworks to maintain, develop, and interpret its collec-tions; preserve the historic site; and fulfill thefounders aim of encouraging and developing thestudy of the fine arts, and advancing the generalknowledge of kindred subjects.
Over the course of the year, the curatorial depart-ment presented four loan exhibitions (two of theminitiated in-house), a number of in-focus installationson objects in the collection, and special loans. Thesetemporary shows ranged in period from the GoldenAge of Spain, to eighteenth-century France, to Post-Impressionism, and focused on a variety of media,including painting, drawing, and the decorative arts.In addition, the department organized nine lecturesby scholars, a talk by a prominent contemporaryartist, and symposia; produced two catalogues andtexts to accompany the exhibitions; expanded its edu-cational offerings to middle and high school studentsand special audiences; and launched a comprehensivecollections management program. The year sawincreased activity in conservation, including the refur-bishment and presentation of the Winthrop Edeybequest of clocks and timepieces and the upgradingof the museums storage areas.
Magnificent sheets by Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael,Peter Paul Rubens, Franois Boucher, William Blake,Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, and Georges Seuratwere among the highlights of some eighty works inThe Draftsmans Art: Master Drawings from the NationalGallery of Scotland. The exhibition, organized by theAmerican Federation of Arts, was on display in the
El Greco (), Purification of the Temple, c. , oil on canvas
which Curator Susan Grace Galassi contributed anessay. Held in the Oval Room from May throughJuly , the exhibition received extensive press cover-age. Roberta Smith commented in her review of May in the New York Times: brevity is the soul of wit.At the Frick it is also the soul of intense visual con-centration, blissful savoring and a sense of artisticgrowth so compressed it can make the air crackle.
A wide range of works from the Renaissance to thepresent was included in the exhibition Master Drawingsfrom the Smith College Museum of Art, held in the down-stairs galleries and Cabinet from June throughAugust . The drawings, which included examples byGrunewald, Fra Bartolommeo, Barocci, Gainsborough,Degas, Van Gogh, Mondrian, and Matisse, wereselected from the colleges extensive collection ofsome seventeen hundred sheets. Independent scholarAnn Sievers wrote the publication that accompanied
downstairs galleries and the Cabinet from December, , through February , . In conjunctionwith The Draftsmans Art, a signature painting from theNational Gallery of Scotland, The Reverend Robert WalkerSkating on Duddingston Loch by Sir Henry Raeburn(), was loaned to the Frick for the durationof the exhibition. It was displayed in the Libraryalong with two other works by Raeburn from theCollection, James Cruikshank and Mrs. James Cruikshank.
El Greco: Themes and Variations featured five versionsand variations of two works in The Frick Collection(St. Jerome and Purification of the Temple). Along with the two Frick paintings, these five canvasesborrowed from museums and collections in theUnited States and Spaindemonstrated the artistsrepetition and reuse of his own compositions. Profes-sor Jonathan Brown was guest curator of the exhibi-tion and author of the accompanying catalogue, to
Leonardo da Vinci (), Studies of Paws of a Dog,c. , metalpoint on pink paper, National Gallery of Scotland
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (), Portrait of Henri-Gabriel Ibels, Painter, , brush and black ink with white heightening on beige tracing paper, Smith College Museum of Art
the show, which later traveled to the Galleria degliUffizi in Florence.
The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the WinthropEdey Bequest featured twenty-one French, German, andEnglish clocks and watches dating from the sixteenthto the eighteenth century. On display in the down-stairs galleries from November , , through Feb-ruary , , the selected timepieces representedapproximately half of the items Edey left to the Col-lection in , together with his horological library.In her review in the Wall Street Journal on January ,, Ann Berman referred to the dazzling displayof timepieces from The Art of the Timekeeper as standingin the very nexus of history, science, and art. Anillustrated booklet by William J. H. Andrewes, GuestCurator, accompanied the exhibition.
To coincide with The Metropolitan Museum of Artsloan exhibition Vermeer and the Delft School, The FrickCollection reinstalled its three paintings by the artistin early March on one wall at the foot of the GrandStaircasethe first time they have hung together inmore than fifty years.
Two French candelabra of gilt bronze and lapislazuli that are tentatively attributed to Pierre-PhilippeThomire () were on display from March through June in the Cabinet, providing visitors anintimate glimpse of these exceptional objects, whichare usually visible only from a distance on the landingof the Grand Staircase. The late eighteenth-centurycandelabra had been cleaned and treated in the Col-lections Conservation Studio.
Two works from the Collection were reinstalledand highlighted during . Gilbert Stuarts GeorgeWashington, , was featured in an installation inthe Cabinet from December , , to April ,, while Anthony Van Dycks Marchesa GiovannaCattaneo, c. , was installed in the East Gallery in November following restoration by Hubert von
Federico Barocci (?), Head of a Young Woman, studyfor the painting The Madonna del Gatto, c. , Smith CollegeMuseum of Art
Sonnenburg, Chairman of Paintings Conservation atThe Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Loans to The Frick Collection
The loan of six paintings from the former collectionof Mr. and Mrs. John Hay Whitney, which wasinstalled in the Garden Court in July , wasextended through April , . Generously lent bythe Greentree Foundation, the current custodian ofthe Whitney collection, the group included works byCorot, Degas, Manet, Picasso, and Redon.
Descent into Limbo by Andrea Mantegna, on loanfrom the Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collection sinceSeptember , continued to be displayed in theEnamel Room, alongside works from the Collectionby Piero della Francesca and Duccio.
IFAR LectureOn February , the International Foundation for ArtResearch (IFAR) hosted a lecture at the Collection byErnst van de Wetering, Chairman of the RembrandtResearch Project, entitled Thirty Years of the RembrandtResearch Project: the Tension Between Science and Connoisseur-ship in Authenticating Art. Dr. van de Wetering discussedthe methods employed by members of the RembrandtResearch Project in assessing Rembrandts oeuvre,including stylistic and scientific analyses, and pre-sented several case studies, concluding his talk with adiscussion of Rembrandts The Polish Rider.
Symposium on the History of ArtThe annual Symposium on the History of Art, sponsoredby The Frick Collection and the Institute of FineArts, New York University, was held on March and . Fourteen northeastern academic institutionsparticipated, each sending one graduate student topresent his or her original art historical research. Lec-tures included such diverse topics as Problems in Titian,Reconsidered; Maps, Landscapes, and Politics in Early QingChina; and Japonisme and Aestheticism in J. M. WhistlersExhibition Designs.
The Conservation Department received a grant of$, from The Ahmanson Foundation in LosAngeles to strengthen the Collections conservationfacilities and to purchase tools, equipment, and stor-age units. William J. H. Andrewes conducted a surveyof the clocks and watches from the Winthrop Edeybequest in collaboration with Objects ConservatorBarbara Roberts; Jean Goodman, a third-year interncompleting her studies at New York University Con-servation Center of the Institute of Fine Arts; andLara Kaplan, a first-year intern studying at the Uni-versity of Delaware, Art Conservation Department.
Loans from The Frick Collection
Piet, attributed to the circle of Konrad Witz, was loaned to the exhibition The Mediterranean Renaissance:The Movement of Artists and Works of Art Between Italy,France and Spain in the Fifteenth Century at the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid and the Museo de Bellas Artes in Valencia.
Andrea del Verrocchios sculpture Bust of a Ladywas loaned to the National Gallery of Art,Washington, for the exhibition Virtue and Beauty:Leonardos Ginevra de Benci and Renaissance Portraits of Women.
Monets Vtheuil in Winter was loaned to the Yamaguchi Prefectural Museum of Art in Japan for the Monet Retrospective exhibition.
Religieuse clock by Balthazar Martinot (; clockmaker)and Andr-Charles Boulle (; attributed casemaker),c. , ebony, pewter, tortoiseshell, ivory, oak case with gilt bronzemounts, brass and steel movement, bequest of Winthrop Edey
The oak floor in the Boucher Room was repaired and refinished by William Erbe and Company.Upon reopening, a modified display was intro-duced that allowed the public to circulate more freely in the room.
The Persian carpets in the West Gallery were retired to storage.
The bronze sculptures were redisplayed in the West and East Galleries.
The Conservation Department, in conjunction with the Galleries Technicians, Operations, and Frick Art Research Library staff, made important inroads in cleaning and reorganizing the vaults.
The third-floor room in the Collection that houses the photographic archive was repainted.
Conservation Technician William Trachet reinstalls the chandelier in the Fragonard Room.
Gilbert Stuart (), George Washington, ,oil on canvas
The Staff Emergency Handbook, initiated by the Conservation Department in conjunction with a team of staff representatives, was completed and distributed to all staff and volunteers.
Extremely fine new drapery was hung in the Fragonard Room, thanks to a generous gift from Brooke Astor. In addition, the Fragonard Rooms chandelier was cleaned and rewired.
Terry Drayman-Weisser, Director of Conservation at The Walters Art Gallery in Baltimore, surveyed more than half of the Collections enamels, which have been on continuous display since Mr. Frick acquired them between and . Discussions regarding appropriate conservation measures are ongoing.
During the school year, more than sixteenhundred students from fifty classes visited The FrickCollection through the Education Program, whilemore than two hundred teachers participated in staffdevelopment sessions. Due to the tragic events ofSeptember , the last quarter of the year suffered adrastic decline in school visits.
For the first time, the Collection offered its four-part teacher training course for credit from the NewYork City Board of Education. The Collection alsooffered training courses to private and parochialteachers through the Leadership Program, studentteachers from Lehman College of the City Universityof New York, and teaching artists from Dreamyard,an organization that provides outreach to inner-cityschool students through the visual, performing, andliterary arts.
The Frick Collection/Weill-Cornell MedicalSchool collaboration, launched in , continued to elicit national and international interest from academic institutions as well as museums. Eighteenmedical students and seven faculty members partici-pated this year. In May, a group of twelve dermatol-ogy residents from Columbia Presbyterian Hospitalparticipated in a shorter version of the same visualobservation training program.
In collaboration with the National Shakespeare Company, students fromShallow Intermediate School in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, presentedtableaux vivants inspired by paintings in The Frick Collection.
Other special presentations and events:
In collaboration with the National Shakespeare Company, students from Shallow Intermediate School in Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, presented tableaux vivants inspired by paintings in The Frick Collec-tion, which were performed in the galleries. The students also wrote, illustrated, and published Odes to The Frick Collection, tributes to their favorite works from the museum.
Colin B. Bailey announced the promotion of Amy Herman, Education Administrator from ,to Head of Education. Curator Susan Galassi, who founded the program in , will now focus primarily on curatorial matters and research initia-tives, while remaining a valuable resource to the program.
Head of Education Amy Herman discusses the paintings in the West Gallery with a group of seniors from Manhattan International High School.
Exhibitions and Special Loans
Six Paintings from the Former Collection of Mr. and Mrs.John Hay Whitney on Loan from the Greentree FoundationJuly , April ,
Mantegnas Descent into Limbo, from the Barbara PiaseckaJohnson Collection September , August
Raeburns The Reverend Robert Walker Skating onDuddingston Loch from the National Gallery of ScotlandDecember , February ,
The Draftsmans Art: Master Drawings from the NationalGallery of Scotland December , February ,
Johannes Vermeer () at The Frick CollectionMarch May ,
Thomire CandelabraMarch May ,
El Greco: Themes and VariationsMay July ,
Master Drawings from the Smith College Museum of ArtJune August ,
The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey BequestNovember , February ,
Stuarts Portrait of George WashingtonDecember , April ,
January The Image of a Whole Republic: Van Goghs Portraits from ArlesJudy Sund, Queens College, City University of New York
February Dead EndingsFrank Stella, artist
March Finding the Right Path: Conserving Botticellis The VirginAdoring the Sleeping Christ ChildMichael Gallagher, National Gallery of Scotland
April Vermeer Teaching HimselfWalter Liedtke, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
May Waddesdon: A Rothschild Creation, to Philippa Glanville, Waddesdon Manor
May The Frick El GrecosSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered to Fellows ofThe Frick Collection
June The Transformations of El GrecoJonathan Brown, The Institute of Fine Arts, NewYork University
June Signed all over: Master Drawings from the Smith CollegeMuseum of ArtAnn Sievers, independent scholar
September The Road to Armageddon: The Great War, Ian Kennedy, Dickinson Roundell, Inc.
Johannes Vermeer (), Officer and Laughing Girl,, oil on canvas. This was one of three works by Vermeer thatwas hung at the foot of the Grand Staircase in conjunction with TheMetropolitan Museum of Arts Vermeer and the Delft School.
October Early French Painting and Jean FouquetHenri Zerner, Harvard University
December The Art of the TimekeeperWilliam J. H. Andrewes, Guest Curator
Curatorial Lectures Outside The Frick Collection
February Manets Spanish DecadeSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered at the Hermitage Foundation at the Chrysler Museum in Norfolk, Virginia.
April Chardin: Paradise RedefinedColin B. Bailey, nd Street Y. Dr. Baileys lecture onthe celebrated artist was interspersed with a concertof eighteenth-century music, performed by The FourNations Ensemble.
May National Task Force on Emergency Response Mentor LecturesBarbara Roberts, program held in Andover,Massachusetts.
May Buying British: Henry Clay Frick and Grand Manner Portraiture Colin B. Bailey, lecture delivered at Waddesdon/Mellon Symposium, Waddesdon Manor,Buckinghamshire, England.
June and The Impressionists, a series for A&E Television Colin B. Bailey was featured in various segmentsthroughout the program. Part I (The Road to Impression-ism) aired on Sunday, June 3, and Part II (Capturing theMoment) aired on Monday, June 4.
June The Universal StudioSusan Grace Galassi, lecture delivered as part of asymposium, Creative Spaces: Artists and Their Studios inconnection with the exhibition Picasso: The Artists Studio,at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut.
October Whoever wants to know something about me as an artistmust look attentively at my paintings: The Many Faces ofGustav KlimtColin B. Bailey, lecture delivered as part of the DanielH. Silberberg Lecture Series at New York UniversitysInstitute of Fine Arts.
October Perspectives on World War II Art RecoveryPanel discussion in which Colin B. Bailey participated,held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art for theFriends of the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center atVassar College.
October National Task Force on Emergency Response Mentor LecturesBarbara Roberts, program held at Ft. Bragg, NorthCarolina.
November What Are Museums For?Susan Grace Galassi, panelist in a symposium pre-sented by The Cooper Union for the Advancement ofScience and Art, New York City.
The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest was published in conjunction with the exhibition of twenty-one clocks and watches shown November , February , .
Notable publications for the year were the following:
El Greco: Themes and Variations, by Jonathan Brown and Susan Grace Galassi, edited by Joseph Focarino.A forty-four-page, full-color catalogue published by The Frick Collection in conjunction with the exhibition of seven paintings by El Greco shown May July , .
The Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop EdeyBequest, by William J. H. Andrewes, edited by JosephFocarino. A twenty-four-page, full-color cataloguepublished by The Frick Collection in conjunctionwith the exhibition of twenty-one clocks and watchesshown November , February , .
In addition, saw the beginning of press produc-tion for Volume IX of The Frick Collection: An IllustratedCatalogue. This final volume, which deals with draw-ings, prints, and acquisitions made since , willcomplete a series that also includes Volumes I and II:Paintings; Volumes III and IV: Sculpture; Volumes V andVI: Furniture and Gilt Bronzes; Volume VII: Porcelains;and Volume VIII: Enamels, Rugs, and Silver. The Catalogueis edited by Joseph Focarino, published by The FrickCollection, and distributed by Princeton UniversityPress.
The Frick Collection also publishes three times a yearan announcement of concerts, special exhibitions, andlectures, available free on request.
All Frick publications, including books, color prints,color slides, posters, postcards, and greeting cards, areavailable from the Collections Museum Shop.
Other Scholarly Publications by the Curatorial Staff
Colin B. Bailey, Not Greuze, but Bernard dAgesci(co-authored with Pierre Rosenberg), Burlington Magazine (No. CXLIII, pp. -), April .
Colin B. Bailey, Pierre Auguste Renoir Woman witha Parrot, in Thannhauser: The Thannhauser Collection of theGuggenheim Museum (Matthew Drutt ed., New York,, pp. -).
Colin B. Bailey, Gustav Klimt (): Modernism inthe Making (Harry N. Abrams, Inc, published in associ-ation with the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa,). In addition to writing the catalogue essay,Prolegomena: A Klimt for the Twenty-first Century,Dr. Bailey was the general editor of the catalogue andcurator of the exhibition.
Colin B. Bailey, Poussins LEnfance de Bacchusnewly identified in two eighteenth-century collec-tions, in Mlanges en homage Pierre Rosenberg, ed. A.Cavina, J. P. Cuzin, M. Laclotte, A. Schnapper, Paris, pp. -.
Susan Grace Galassi, In Delacroixs Harem, essayin the exhibition catalogue Picasso: Las Grandes Series,Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid,March .
Susan Grace Galassi, Rearranging Rosa Corder(with a biographical note by Timothy J. Cockerill),Apollo, October , pp. -.
Amy Herman (with Charles L. Bardes, M.D. andDebra Gillers, M.A.), Learning to Look: DevelopingClinical Observational Skills at an Art Museum,Medical Education, : -, December .
The Frick Collection has presented classical musicconcerts since . During its distinguished history,the concert program has been host to major soloistsand ensembles, such as Gregor Piatigorsky, ArturSchnabel, Josef Szigeti, Wanda Landowska, Kiri TeKanawa, Kathleen Battle, Ian Bostridge, and theBudapest, Tokyo, and Guarneri quartets. In ,there were fourteen concerts, of which eight weredebuts.
The circular Music Roomwith its glass dome,damask-covered walls, and seatsconveys theatmosphere of a private salon. Not only is the Collec-tion an important venue for music played on periodinstruments, it also has become prestigious for Euro-pean musicians to make their New York debuts here.
All concerts were offered free of charge and wereunderwritten with the support of the Fellows of TheFrick Collection. The concerts were recorded andsubsequently broadcast locally by WNYC-FM (.),with selections carried by NPRs Performance Today.
The Zehetmair Quartet
Excerpts from Reviews
Eroica QuartetA performance of irrestistible energy.New York Times
Nikolai Demidenko, pianoDemidenko unleashed a ferocious fire and intensity;those octaves were more akin to lightning than tothunder . The audience cheered wildlyand under-standablyafter the completion of this enthrallinggroup of masterpieces. American Record Guide
Daniel Taylor, countertenorThe audience hung on every note.a voice ofunblemished tonal purity, precise intonation, and sub-tle command of vocal coloration.Tayloris defi-nitely among the very best. New York Magazine
Duo Tal and GroethuysenThe partners followed each other through every anticwith uncanny unanimity, and at the conclusion I satspellboundhaving ridden an emotional rollercoaster that left me limp.this was a truly specialconcert. American Record Guide
Anne Quefflec, pianoShe produced feasts of superb coloring.harmoniceffects, too, were properly expressive.New York Times
St. Petersburg String QuartetThey clearly feel particularly close to Russian music,whose rhythmic freedom and idiomatic inflections areas natural to them as their native tongue.Strings Magazine
The Zehetmair QuartetThe Zehetmair Quartetis, you might say, redolentof Tradition, yet also refreshingly iconoclastic. Theculminating Schumann Quartet in A was played tothe hilt. American Record Guide
Performers Appearing During
Helicon Winds with January Pedja Muzijevic, fortepiano
Eroica Quartet February
Nikolai Demidenko, piano February New York debut
Haffner Wind Quintet March New York debut
Alban Gerhardt, cello, and April Cecile Licad, piano
Daniel Taylor, countertenor, with April Sylvan Bergeron, luteNew York debut
Duo Tal & Groethuysen, four-hand piano May New York debut
Anne Quefflec, piano July New York debut
St. Petersburg String Quartet August
Christian Gerharer, baritone, with October Gerold Huber, pianoNew York debut
Flanders Recorder Quartet October
Babette Hierholzer, piano November
Zehetmair Quartet December New York debut
Les Borades, period instrument ensemble December New York debut
More than ever, the activities of the Library, Archives,and Information Systems staff reached across depart-ments and beyond walls. Consultation and collabora-tion with Collection staff have produced scholarlyresearch initiatives and a collections management sys-tem for the works of art. Outreach programs forinterns and volunteers are on the rise, and the Librarynot only has acquired new resources that are uniquelyavailable in the United States, but has expanded thenumber of its resources identifiable through its web-site. Perhaps most significantly of all, after four yearsof collective effort and a prolonged court dispute,more than thirteen hundred linear feet of historicmaterial from The Helen Clay Frick FoundationArchives were delivered to the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary in December. The disposition provides forcollaboration with the University of Pittsburgh in theeffort to organize, evaluate, preserve, and, ultimately,make accessible these valuable materials.
The first three quarters of saw an unprecedentedrise in attendance that gave way to a dramatic declinein the months following September . By mid-November, however, usage and services were slowly on the rise again, particularly in areas relating to theLibrarys electronic resources.
The last stage of reorganization of the Frick ArtReference Library was completed with the restructur-ing of the Reference Department into the new PublicServices Department, headed by Lydia Dufour. Morethan any single resource, the staff of reference librari-ans, reference assistants, pages, receptionists, andthose from other departments called upon to providetheir expertise and assistance have helped to create anatmosphere that welcomes new as well as long-termreaders to the Frick Art Reference Library.
New equipment was acquired, including a secondmicrofilm and fiche reader-printer with improvedspeed and quality, which was installed in the SmallReading Room.
Frick Art Reference Library
Helen Clay Frick, c. . The image is one of hundreds of Frick family photographs from The Helen ClayFrick Foundation Archives, recently preserved by the Librarys Conservation Department.
The Research Collections
The Librarys collections continued to expand withsignificant purchases and gifts of books, photographs,electronic resources, microforms, and auction cata-logue subscriptions. Notable among Photoarchiveacquisitions was the purchase of the second install-ment of thirty-five hundred photographs of works of art in French private collections and storerooms of provincial museums. The final installment, to be purchased early in , will complete the set of tenthousand images and will enable the Library to offerthe research community access to this rare collection,otherwise available to researchers only at the CaisseNationale des Monuments Historiques de France andthe Getty Research Institute. The purchase of morethan three thousand microfiches of Art Sales Catalogues,, providing full text of auction catalogueslisted in Frits Lugts Rpertoire des catalogues de ventespubliques intressant lart ou la curiosit (), complementsan equivalent number of the same family of micro-fiches already owned by the Library for the period
from . The third part of the set will be pur-chased in if special funding is forthcoming.
A letter campaign begun in and directed atthe smaller and newer auction houses resulted in stillmore complimentary catalogue subscriptions fromhouses in Australia, Belgium, Israel, Mexico, Romania,and Spain. New exchange agreements with museumsin central Europe, including the Estonian ArtMuseum and Fine Art Museum of Budapest, wereestablished, and depository arrangements with numer-ous art dealers, galleries, and museums continued.
The Museum of Modern Arts Photo-file, consist-ing of more than forty-seven thousand photographs,was moved to the Frick Art Reference Library in June.MoMAs artist files will significantly add to theLibrarys holdings of twentieth-century material, onceprocessing begins in . As a reciprocal gesture, theLibrary donated to the Museum of Modern Art sixboxes of exhibition pamphlets pertaining to artistsactive only after the mid-twentieth century.
Cornell University donated approximately threethousand photographs of European art from their A. D. White collection. This reflects the continuedspirit of collaboration between the Frick and Cornelllibraries, a relationship first established in .
A record describing the books and documentsbequeathed in by Winthrop Kellogg Edey wasadded to FRESCO; information on individual titles is available through a finding-aid.
Sales of out-of-scope and duplicate gift and othermaterial brought $, in revenue for special bookfunds designated for the purchase of rare or out-of-print titles. Because books on prints and on pre-twentieth-century Russian and Eastern European artwere not collected in the Librarys early years, fillingin gaps with basic works when they come on the market is costly, yet essential. Most significant amongsuch recent purchases were catalogues raisonns ofprints by Munch, Nolde, and Rembrandt, as well asseventy-six Russian imprints that fill lacunae in thecollection.
Eighty years worth of duplicate periodicals were
Helen Clay Frick Foundation President Adelaide Trafton signs theagreement that brought the archives to New York. Witnessing the signingare (left to right) Archivist Sally Brazil, Board President Helen ClayChace, Director Samuel Sachs II (seated), and Chief of CollectionsPreservation Don Swanson.
exceptional dedication to monitor the archives storageconditions while still in Pittsburgh and to arrange fortheir transfer to New York.
While the department devoted considerable timeto The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives, severalother initiatives and projects were undertaken. TheGladys Krieble Delmas Foundation awarded a grantof $, to the Library to organize and makeaccessible the archival material of the Collection andthe Library, their founders, and early institutionalprograms such as lectures and concerts. Architecturalrecords in the Old Vault were reviewed in preparationfor a project to preserve them and to reproduceselected plans. Archivist Sally Brazil interviewedHolmes Wolfe, Helen Clay Fricks former attorney, aspart of the Oral History Program.
The processing of Henry Clay Fricks correspon-dence and the other archival material relating to hisart purchases and the furnishings of his SeventiethStreet residence was completed in the fall. These myriad materials represent critical sources that willprovide future researchers with a more complete
reviewed and subsequently sold for $, to an anti-quarian book dealer based in the Netherlands. Inanother project, summer interns sorted through thevoluminous Dr. Innarella and Schweitzer Photoarchivegifts, removing out-of-scope and duplicate materialand reducing the contents by a third. The remainingmaterials will be stored off-site to await digitizing.
In September, a new web version of FRESCO, theonline catalog, was unveiled. Users may now linkdirectly to electronic databases and websites from aFRESCO record. The web catalog was part of anoverall upgrade of the Innovative Interfaces Inc.library management system implemented in .This new Millennium system introduced manyenhancements to the software modules used for order-ing, invoicing, and cataloging books and periodicals.One of the new features allows orders to be down-loaded from vendor websites directly to FRESCO,eliminating the need to key text by hand. In addition,a new database used to track and acknowledge gifts ofbooks was added. The Library renewed its partner-ship with the Getty Research Institute as a contribu-tor of abstracts to the Bibliography of the History of Art.A monthly list of Newly Cataloged Titles is nowavailable online through the FRESCO website, as wellas in printed form in the Reading Room.
Archives & Special Collections
In late December, The Helen Clay Frick FoundationArchives were deposited at the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary, where archives and conservation staff imme-diately began to inventory, process, and preserve themfor future users. Evaluation of all materials will becompleted in , at which time those archival mate-rials relevant to industrial history will be returned towestern Pennsylvania to be placed on deposit at theUniversity of Pittsburgh. This represents a new phasein the life of the Archives Department, and an expan-sion of resources for the users of archives. Don Swan-son, Chief of Collections Preservation, worked with
Conservation Assistant Lisa Jensen repairs torn pages in one of themany scrapbooks from The Helen Clay Frick Foundation Archives thatwere treated in the Librarys Conservation Lab.
or damaged were repaired. In May, the ConservationDepartment reordered its priorities in order to attendto fifty-three exhibition catalogues that sustainedwater damage from the terrace before it had beenrefurbished.
The Negative Duplication Project focused on con-serving negatives of furniture and decorative artsin the Collection, taken in by staff photographerIra W. Martin. These images were then used by TheFrick Collections Conservation Department for a sur-vey of objects. As part of the ongoing negative preser-vation project, spoiled acetate and glass negatives wereseparated, and glass negatives were cleaned andrehoused in refurbished cabinets. A scanning stationdesignated for reprographic services and archivespreservation, as well as the institutions first digitalcolor copier (Minolta CF-), were installed in the Conservation Department as a service to readersand the staff.
The most important issue facing the Library is theneed for additional stack space, compact shelving, andpossibly off-site storage. In September, the reconfigu-ration of the stacks, a six-month undertaking, wascompleted. The consolidation allows for a maximumof five to seven additional years of growth, untilspace-planning projects are implemented.
The renovation of the basement areas for the newlyexpanded Information Systems technical support andnetwork operations was completed in June, and theadjoining stack space was renovated to house TheHelen Clay Frick Foundation Archives. Additionalenhancements to the Library included task lights for staff workstations on the sixth floor and solarwindow blinds and improved lighting for the Conservation Lab.
Data and Digital Conversion Programs
The Millard Meiss Project, begun in February andfunded by The Helen Clay Frick Foundation, willfacilitate online access to more than five thousand
picture of Mr. Fricks tastes as a collector.Requests for information and research held steady
from last year. The staff assisted with approximatelytwo hundred requests in , half from within theinstitution and half from outside. Examples ofrequested information included Miss Fricks researchon Houdon and Mr. Fricks purchases of Whistlerpaintings and Gilbert Stuarts portrait of GeorgeWashington.
In January, with funding from The Helen Clay FrickFoundation, the Conservation Department acceleratedits efforts to preserve the visual materials and otherendangered items in the Frick Foundation Archivesthat had been transferred from Pittsburgh to NewYork for priority treatment. Beginning with theprocess of mold-removal from targeted portions ofthe archives, more than one hundred albums andscrapbooks received initial treatments and housing,and more than one thousand negatives, includingnitrate negatives, were digitally scanned and stored onCD-ROMs.
Other conservation activity was prioritized accord-ing to urgency and in response to special projects.More than fifteen hundred items identified as needingrepair received conservation treatment. In someinstances, advanced treatment and rebinding wererequired, as was the case for the three-volume auctionsales catalogue of the Cabinet de M. Davila, Paris, .To prepare Photoarchive material for eventual digiti-zation, the Conservation Department processed abacklog of more than forty-seven thousand items that were earmarked for integration into the Pho-toarchive. Preservation of the Librarys unique butfragile collection of ephemeral exhibition pamphletsreceived treatment in anticipation of the next phase of the Retrospective Conversion (Recon) Program.The books in Henry Clay Fricks Library in the Col-lection were examined, and those that were unstable
photographs of illuminated manuscripts from thestudy collection of Professor Millard Meiss. The one-year project will establish a model for the catalogingof illuminated manuscripts for the future. ICON-CLASS, the international standard for subject access,was adopted for the project.
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the GettyResearch Institute called a meeting in February of sixof the largest European and American photoarchives,to discuss the possible role of these scholarly resources in a large-scale digital initiative to be known as ARTStor. Prior to the meeting, the Library conducted a survey, funded by the Mellon Founda-tion, which analyzed the sources of images in thePhotoarchive with respect to photographers andphoto suppliers. The survey was requested as a pre-liminary study of intellectual property issues relatedto photoarchives.
With partial support from a two-year planninggrant of $, from The New York Times Company Foundation, the Librarys Digital PlanningCommittee identified the Librarys fifty-six thousandnegatives from the Librarys photo campaigns as aunique component of its collection, and, therefore,the next element that should be digitized.
Entering its fourth year, with funding provided bythe bequest of Paul Mellon, the RetrospectiveConversion Program proceeded on schedule. DuncanSystems completed the first phase of conversion ofthe pre- card catalog records to online form. Thesecond phase, consisting of records for exhibition cat-alogues, is a more complex undertaking, due to theheavily indexed nature of the records. The specifica-tions sent to Duncan Systems ensure that the rich andunique annotations, such as names of all artists andmuseums involved in an exhibition, will be retained inthe online data. The conversion of these records willrequire the project to be extended into , beyondthe original five-year plan.
Electronic Scriptorium, an outside contractor,converted the card file of nearly thirty-two thousandartist names represented in the Photoarchive to
electronic form. This project, a joint undertaking of book catalogers and photoarchivists, paves the way for incorporating the artist records intoFRESCO in , thereby making the Photoarchivesholdings available through the website to researchersworld-wide.
Work began on the technical specifications to bringinto FRESCO the Librarys seventy thousand recordsin SCIPIO, the international sales catalogue database.In the process, more than eleven thousand sale cata-logues owned by the Frick Art Reference Library havebeen identified as rare or unique.
In its second year, the Librarys Research Programcontinued to complement and augment the Collec-
Reference Librarian Irene Avens assists one of the hundreds ofresearchers who, each year, use the Librarys vast resources to answerquestions about exhibitions, provenance, and authenticity, among others.
tions scholarly and public programs through paneldiscussions, small-scale exhibitions, and e-publicationsthat reflect the strengths of the research and archivecollections with themes that focus particularly onobject-based research and the history of collecting.
The Library mounted its third small-scale exhibi-tion, Kelly Edey in Life and in Memoriam (),which coincided with the Collections opening ofThe Art of the Timekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop EdeyBequest. The exhibition displayed a disassembled clockalong with material and memorabilia from the KellyEdey Library and Archives, housed at the Frick ArtReference Library.
The second annual Dialogues on Art panel dis-cussion and reception, co-sponsored by The FrickCollection and Knoedler & Co., took place in May.The discussion topic, The Art Market and the Col-lector: Past, Present, and Future, was enthusiasticallyreceived, and the event well attended, with proceedsdesignated for the benefit of the Frick Art ReferenceLibrary. Jonathan Brown served as moderator, andColin B. Bailey, Grace Glueck, Agnes Gund, NicholasHall, and Jean Strouse participated as panelists.
On May , Professor John Michael Montias pre-sented his database for primary documents on the his-
tory of collecting in Holland to an invited group ofDutch scholars and researchers. A reception in theLibrarys Reading Room celebrated the inaugurationof the Montias database. The Library is the onlyNorth American site for access to this database. Sinceits implementation, numerous queries for informationhave been submitted to the Library from, for example,Utrecht University and the Center for AdvancedStudies in the Visual Arts (Washington, D.C.).
At the spring meeting of the Association ofResearch Institutes in Art History (ARIAH), IngeReist, representing both the Collection and Library,presented the prospectus for The Frick Collectionsnewly invigorated Scholarly Initiatives Program andthe research role of the Library. In September, TheFrick Collection and Art Reference Library was for-mally voted in as a member of this distinguishedgroup of seventeen research institutions. As a member,The Frick Collections opportunities for collaborationand grants will be enhanced.
Information Systems and Support
In July, the Information Systems Department movedinto improved quarters in the Librarys basement. Thenetwork servers, wiring, and the T-1 line were movedinto an air-conditioned LAN room with adjoiningwork areas for the technical support staff.
With the new Help Desk Manager position createdin , the department became more responsive tothe expanding computer network and desk-top userneeds. New equipment was purchased and outdatedPCs were replaced as part of a large-scale networkupgrade. The underlying structure of the website wasredesigned for better synchronization and mainte-nance of calendars for concerts, lectures, membership,and related events. Liaisons from primary areas of theCollection and Library were designated to maintainup-to-date departmental information and to reviewdesign changes and enhancements. In consultationwith the education staff, a new section called Focus
Kelly Edey in Life and in Memoriam () displayed a few of Edeys personal effects, including match boxes that he used tostore spare clock parts, his preferred nib pens and India ink, and a mid-sixteenth-century gilt brass French table clock.
libraries of Europe and the United States.The internship and volunteer programs attracted
excellent candidates. Along with the eleven undergrad-uate summer interns who volunteered primarily in thePhotoarchive, a library school intern from LongIsland University completed a semester-long intern-ship in the Book Department, while a student fromthe Book Arts Center at Wells College completed aninternship in the Conservation Department. Thenumber of year-round library volunteers grew to fiveby years end. In reciprocal visits, staff and interns ofKnoedler & Co. visited the Librarys ConservationLab to be instructed on handling and storage of bookand archival materials.
During separate visits in October, Rush Miller,Director of Libraries at the University of Pittsburgh,and Danforth Fales, Trustee and Acting Director ofthe Pittsburgh Frick Art & Historical Center, metwith the staffs of the Library and the Collection todiscuss the move of The Helen Clay Frick Founda-tion Archives and opportunities for collaborationinvolving education, conservation, and informationresources.
Staff met with Mary Louise Christovich, Presidentof the Board of Directors of the Historic NewOrleans Collection, on her fact-finding visit. TheLibrarys resources, particularly with regard to nine-teenth-century portraits in New Orleans collections( negatives from the Librarys photographicexpedition there), are of potential help to them intheir research.
The French photographer Marc Jeanneteau visitedthe Library for a tour of the Photoarchive as a follow-up to the purchase of his photographs.
The sixth annual Dealers Breakfast, held in Mayto coincide with the International Fine Arts Fair, waswell attended, with a high proportion of Europeandealers present.
The second annual Staff Education Day includedCollection and Library staff participation in lectures,training sessions, and an art show featuring works bytwenty-one staff members.
on Art was developed to feature prominent works in the Collection. In addition, the web pages forFRESCO and the Librarys Guide to Electronic Resourceswere designed and integrated into the main Frickwebsite.
Embark, the collections management system, wasimplemented in January, and staff were trained in dataentry and digital image management. With future col-lections management needs in mind, a cost-benefitanalysis for an in-house digital photography lab wasprepared.
Following the loss of voice and data T-1 lines afterSeptember , alternative methods for e-mail andFRESCO access were established, along with a redun-dancy plan to avoid the loss of service in case offuture network or server breakdown. Permanent emer-gency back-up communication lines were configuredand off-site storage of the back-up tapes containingall network information was established. Overall stor-age space was increased and new servers installed,including a faster mail server and separate servers forthe Blackbaud development and accounting systems andfor Embark and the increased image production. Thesecond technology plan, prepared for the annualUniversal Service Discount Program, was approvedby the State Education Department, Division ofLibrary Development, for years .
The annual orientations for local graduate programscontinued with visits from Bard Graduate Center,St. Johns University School of Library and Informa-tion Science, and from Sothebys and Christies education programs. Inge Reist represented the Frickon the board of the Center for the Documentation ofLooted Art (CEDOLA), recently established by theGerman researcher, Willie Korte. Photographer Can-dida Hofer, affiliated with Sonnabend Gallery, held aphoto session at the Library as part of her ongoingproject to exhibit and publish her photographs of the
Gift and Depository Program
The Photo-file of the Museum of Modern Art, con-sisting of more than , photographs; gift of thetrustees of the Museum of Modern Art, New York
Leuchtendes Mittelalter, Neue Folge II, Rotthalmnster, ;gift of John Lawrence Sharpe III
Arthur R. Blumenthal, Cosimo Rosselli: Painter of the Sis-tine Chapel, Winter Park, FL., ; gift of the author
Toulouse-Lautrec: Woman as Myth [exhibition], Andros,; gift of the Basil and Elise Goulandris Foundation
Victor Nieto Alcaide, et al., La vidriera espaola: del gticoal siglo XXI, Madrid, and Rumbos de la esculturaespaola en el siglo XX, Madrid, ; gifts of the Fun-dacin Santander Central Hispano
Eric Bertin, Works by J.A.D. Ingres Temporarily Exhibited inthe United States During the Period, ; gift ofthe author
Isadora Rose-de Viejo, La Imagen de Manuel Godoy,Mrida, ; gift of the author
Daniel Wildenstein, Gauguin, premier itinraire dunsauvage: Catalogue de loeuvre peint, , Paris, ;gift of the Wildenstein Institute
One hundred sixty-three photographs of works by Arthur Devis; gift of Ellen DOench, curator ofthe Devis exhibition at the Yale Center for BritishArt,
Janez Hfler et al., Kristus na Oljski gori: poznogotska tabla sKoritnega nad Cadramom, Ljubljana, 2001; gift of theNarodna Galerija
One hundred ten books and exhibition catalogues;gift of Michele Moss
Fifty-three exhibition catalogues; gift of the NationalGallery of Canada Library
Seventy-eight books and periodicals transferred fromThe Frick Collection Conservation Department
One hundred fifty-one photographs; gift of ProfessorMichael Milkovitch, frequent donor of scholarlymaterial to the Library
One of eighty-one photographs purchased from Professor Anne MarkhamSchulzs most recent photography campaign in Venice; this one shows a statue of St. Paul from the Dalla Rosa Altar, S. Andrea, Chioggia.
Online subscription to ART Bibliographies Modern,Bethesda, MD,
Three thousand five hundred photographs of worksof art in French private collections and museumstorerooms, taken by Marc Jeanneteau and docu-mented by the curatorial staff of the MusesNationaux de France
Art Sales Catalogues, [ microfiches basedon Frits Lugts Rpertoire des catalogues de ventes publiques,La Haye, ], Leiden, ; purchased through thegenerous support of the Florence Gould FoundationFund
Eighty-one photographs of sculpture in and aroundVenice, Italy, taken by Anne Markham Schulz
Twenty-nine reprints by Editions Minkoff, Geneva,chiefly of nineteenth-century French sources in arthistory, purchased through the generous support ofthe Gerschel Fund, in memory of Andr Meyer,including the following:
Blondel, Jacques Franois. Lhomme du monde clair par les arts... publi par M. de Bastide. Paris and Amsterdam,
Winckelmann, Johann-Joachim. Recueil de diffrentes pices sur les arts, comprenant les Rflexions sur limitation des artistes grecs dans la peinture et la sculpture.... Paris,
Dezallier dArgenville, Antoine-Joseph. Abrg de la vie des plus fameux peintres, avec leurs portraits gravs en taille-douceet la manire de connatre les desseins et les tableaux des grands matres. Paris,
Die Portrtsammlung der Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbttel, Munich,
Catalogue raisonn du Salon des Independants, : LesIndependants dans lhistoire de lart, Paris, ; purchasedthrough the generous support of the Gerschel Fund,in memory of Andr Meyer
Marie-Christine Maselis, The Albums of Anselmus deBoodt (): Natural History Painting at the Court ofRudolph II in Prague, Ramsen,
Gustav Schiefler, Verzeichnis des graphischen Werks EdvardMunchs, Oslo,
H.W. Singer, ed., Complete Etchings of Rembrandt, vols.New York,
Gustav Schiefler, Das Graphische Werk Emil Noldes bis ,Berlin,
Emilia Talamo, Codice cantorum: miniature e disegni nei codici della Cappella Sistina, Florence, ; purchasedthrough the Homeland Fund
Lacerba, (Italian futurist periodical), (reprint),Florence,
English Art in the Public Galleries of London, vols.,London,
Catalogues for two auction sales of the Williamand Samuel Daniell Collection
Forty-six auction sales catalogues, , for auctions held at Bukowskis, Stockholm
Microforms of the runs of three rare nineteenth-century American art journals, The Art Collector(), The Collector and Art Critic (),and Brush and Pencil ()
Sixty pre- titles on Australian art
Historically, The Frick Collection has depended uponits national and international audience for two-thirdsof its admissions and shop sales; through most of thes, those revenues followed the growth curve ofthe booming local tourist economy. Until the fall of, the Frick was on course for a banner year. In thewake of the events of September , however, the situ-ation changed as tourism in New York City declined.
The role of contributions remains critical to thefinancial health of the institution, and we are there-fore deeply appreciative of the generous support ofour donors and members, as well as the foundations,corporations, and government agencies that havehelped the Frick to maintain its high standard ofexcellence. Perhaps most importantly, the steadyupward trend of these gifts in recent years hasstrengthened the Fricks position with the IRS, as itseeks to make its status as a public charity permanentat the conclusion of a five-year trial period endingDecember .
Many of the departments programs and activitiesduring the past year could not have been accom-plished without contributed support. We are gratefulto those listed in the following pages, who, over theyears or more recently, have become involved in the
Nathalie Gerschel Kaplan, Aerin Lauder Zinterhofer, Lauren du Pont,and Jane Lauder at Februarys Tartan Ball, one of the most talkedabout events of the season.
life of the institution, thereby perpetuating and build-ing upon the legacy of Henry Clay Frick.
FellowsThe Fellows of The Frick Collection, numberingalmost seven hundred members, gave nearly $,in . The most promising growth was among theYoung Fellows, many of whom responded to the pub-licity surrounding our winter benefit, A Tartan Ball.Named one of the top parties of the year by the NewYork Times, A Tartan Ball matched the phenomenal suc-cess of last years Edwardian Ball, raising more than$, (nearly double that benefits total) for theFricks education program.
Special exhibition openings for Fellows were heldthroughout the year, including receptions for El Greco:Themes and Variations on May , Master Drawings from theSmith College Museum of Art on June , and The Art of theTimekeeper: Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest onNovember .
The Fricks major fundraiser of the year, theAutumn Dinner, took place on Monday, October .More than two hundred supporters of the Collectiongathered for cocktails in the Seventieth Street Garden,followed by a dinner in the Garden Court. Honoreeswere Neil Rudenstine, the recently retired president ofHarvard University and Chairman of ArtSTOR, aprogram funded by The Andrew W. Mellon Founda-tion, and his wife, Angelica Rudenstine, Museum Pro-gram Officer at The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Under the guidance of Frick Council ChairmanNicholas Hall, in partnership with the eveningsChairman, Michel David-Weill, the Autumn Dinnersresults surpassed all previous events, yielding net pro-ceeds of $, for the advancement of the Collec-tion and Library.
FriendsAt the close of , there were more than two thou-sand Friends of The Frick Collection. While thefourth quarter of the year posed unique challengesdue to September , the Frick continued to benefitfrom healthy on-site membership enrollment. TheFricks annual year-end direct mail campaignso central to refreshing the Friends rollsproducednearly three hundred new members, primarily fromthe New York metropolitan area.
Corporate MembershipDue to its heavy reliance on the financial servicesindustry, the Fricks corporate program was hardesthit by the effects of September . The early fall wasmarked by a near total turndown in business, followedby the slowest November and December since theinception of the program. In spite of these handicaps,the program posted $, in contributions andrelated fees. We are deeply appreciative of this sup-port and are pleased to list on page those corpora-tions that contributed to the Collection during thecourse of the year.
The Young Fellows Steering Committee: (back row) Julian Iragorri,Jennifer Nilles, and Amy Flynn; (middle row) Juan Sabater, GenevieveWheeler, Christine Scornavacca, Philip Gorrivan, Victoria Rotenstreich,Elizabeth Fleming, Robert Lindgren; (seated) Lisa Gorrivan, MarthaLoring, Nathalie Kaplan, and Victoria Lindgren.
New InitiativesTwo new giving programs were launched in . InNovember, the first annual fund drive was begun withthe mailing of a handsome appeal card featuring theDining Room, which was sent to four thousand cur-rent and former contributors to The Frick Collection.The appeal results easily exceeded its goal anddemonstrated that the friends of the Frick value andunderstand its unique capacities and needs. TheFounders Society, a planned giving program, wasdeveloped to reflect Mr. Fricks grand legacy and tohonor the generosity of present-day contributors tothe Collection.
To advance the development effort, the Board ofTrustees created a sub-committee on major gifts,chaired by Margot Campbell Bogert. Other commit-tee members are Howard Phipps and Melvin Seiden.
In March, the Frick inaugurated a highly successfulwomens luncheon series hosted by Board PresidentHelen Clay Chace. The first luncheon featured gallerytalks given by Chief Curator Colin B. Bailey and Mrs.Chace. In June, Horticultural Designer Galen Leespoke about the Russell Page garden in a unique pro-gram presented in the Seventieth Street Garden, andin November, Objects Conservator Barbara Roberts
Special GiftsA generous bequest from the estate of Louise A.Pierot was received in . A memorial concert wasgiven in her name by Babette Hierholzer, a Germanpianist, in November.
The Ahmanson Foundation provided a grant tohelp fund the restoration of the handsome Jacksonwrought-iron ornamental fence, which surrounds theFifth Avenue Garden.
A challenge grant for El Greco: Themes and Variations,offered by Trustee Melvin Seiden, was met by giftsand grants from Lladr, Iberia Airlines, the RobertLehman Foundation, the Arthur Ross Foundation,Helen Clay Chace, Janine Luke, and others. Anotherchallenge grant, made in honor of Guest CuratorWilliam J. H. Andrewes and designated for The Art ofThe Timekeeper, was met by contributions from MontresBreguet, Janine Luke, The Heimbold Foundation,The Thorne Foundation, Brooke Astor, Richard andRonay Menschel, James S. Marcus, David Owsley,The Ridgefield Foundation, Stanley and Betty DeFor-est Scott, and the support of the Fellows of TheFrick Collection.
Chief Curator Colin B. Bailey,Guest of Honor Neil Rudenstine,Board President Helen Clay Chace, andGuest of Honor Angelica Rudenstine at the Autumn Dinner.
gram through A Tartan Ball, which was held in Febru-ary. Among the magazines and newspapers to featurethis benefit were Town & Country, Vogue, Harpers Bazaar,Vanity Fair, and the New York Times. Coverage ofevenings such as the Autumn Dinner also underscoredthe importance of fundraising events and the generos-ity of our supporters.
Special presentations drawn from the permanentcollectionsuch as the installation of the Fricksthree paintings by Vermeercontinued to drawattention to the institutions significant riches. Alsorewarding were the reviews and commentary inspiredby El Greco: Themes and Variations, results that helpedhighlight the success of the museums commitment to focused, scholarly offerings. Viewers of Charlie Roseon PBS television enjoyed an on-site interview with ElGreco Guest Curator Jonathan Brown. Simultaneously,the exhibition of works from the Smith CollegeMuseum of Art received favorable reviews. In the fall,coverage in international newspapers, magazines, andimportant horological journals appeared in abundanceto mark the installation of The Art of the Timekeeper:Masterpieces from the Winthrop Edey Bequest.
lectured on the activity of her department. Concur-rently, an early-morning breakfast series was begunwith Director Samuel Sachs II providing commentaryon selected paintings, following a buffet breakfast in the Directors Dining Room. Both series are ongoing.
Attendance and Museum Shop SalesUntil September , The Frick Collection was ontrack for its best year ever with admission revenue andShop sales, with peaks during the summer. June was a record-breaking month, in fact, posting thehighest monthly attendance in the history of the Collection, with a total of , visitors. The eventsof September resulted in an abrupt slowdown, how-ever, which was reflected in the lowest attendance andShop figures for the fourth quarter in many years.
As with our sister institutions around town, atten-dance began to show signs of improvement inNovember, followed by a reasonably healthy holidayseason. Many thanks are due to our regular MuseumShop customers, who continued the much-neededsupport of the Collection with their patronage duringthe very quiet fall months. Even with the downturn,both attendance revenue and Shop sales provided percent of the operating revenues for .
Media Relations & MarketingThe Media Relations & Marketing Department (for-merly Communications) expanded, enhancing theinstitutions ability to provide information about itsactivities to the media. The institution also partici-pated in a number of public-oriented marketing pro-grams, such as Culture Fest, which was organized byNYC & Co. to inform New Yorkers about the richesof the city. Held in October, this weekend-long festi-val was one of many important group activities inwhich the Frick participated after September , in aneffort to encourage the public to use the institution asa resource for comfort and contemplation.
One of several media-related high points in was the attention garnered for the Young Fellows pro-
saw the launch of a new full-color Members Magazine, publishedthree times a year.
We deeply appreciate the generosity of the followingindividuals, foundations, and corporations who madesubstantial contributions to the museum and Libraryduring the course of the year.
Nearly percent of the Collections budget forongoing activities must be found annually fromsources other than the endowment. Capital projectsand special programs require additional resources aswell. These listings reflect gifts and grants that pro-vide vitally needed general operating funds, as well assupport for a range of projects including special exhi-bitions and publications, Library acquisitions andendowment, services to scholars, the middle-schooleducation program, conservation equipment andmaterials, landscaping, seminars, Photoarchive survey,and the annual Symposium on the History of Art.In addition, the demands of our beautiful, but aging,building require an increasing investment of capital.
We are most grateful to our expanding member-ship for its thoughtful and steadfast support of ourprograms and services.
The Founders SocietyHelen Clay ChaceVivien R. ClarkLouise A. Pierot*
FoundationsThe Achelis FoundationAcorn Foundation Inc.Ahmanson FoundationCharina Foundation, Inc.Consulate General of SpainThe Cowles Charitable TrustThe Curtis W. McGraw FoundationF. M. Kirby Foundation, Inc.The Gladys Krieble Delmas FoundationThe Helen Clay Frick FoundationHorace W. Goldsmith Foundation
Gifts & Grantsduring
The Little River FoundationThe Nautilus FoundationThe New York Times Company FoundationNY State Office of Parks, Recreation & Historic
PreservationOceanic Heritage FoundationThe Ridgefield FoundationRobert Lehman Foundation, Inc.Sage FoundationSamuel H. Kress FoundationThe Thorne Foundation
IndividualsMorton Abromson and Joan NissmanVirginia AdamsKim C. and Gloria S. AndersonMrs. Vincent AstorPeter P. Blanchard IIIMr. and Mrs. Minturn V. ChaceCatherine G. CurranElizabeth de CuevasThe Estate of Winthrop K. EdeyDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIMr. and Mrs. John J. GilbertReverend Davis GivenDr. Mark GrossmanGordon and Llura GundEnid A. HauptMrs. Horace HavemeyerMrs. Charles HeimboldProfessor Joseph L. KoernerEugene M. and Theresa LangJanine LukeJames MarcusJames R. McCredieJoseph F. McCrindleTamara MellonRichard and Ronay MenschelMr. and Mrs. Peter NitzeDavid T. OwsleyMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Elaine L. Rosenberg
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur RossMr. and Mrs. H. Jonathan RotenstreichCharles RyskampMarianne and Alan SchwartzMr. and Mrs. Stanley DeForest ScottMelvin R. SeidenMr. and Mrs. Gilbert B. SilvermanHarold and Nicki TannerMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawJune deH. and Henry H. WeldonDr. and Mrs. Malcolm Wiener
CorporationsBloombergIberia Airlines of SpainJPMorgan ChaseLladr USA, Inc.Montres BreguetSothebysW Magazine
The Frick Collection makes every effort to recognize gifts asrequested. Corrections may be directed to Kathleen Helal at --.
The Frick Collection provides individual and corporate membership benefits through the Friends, Fellows, and Corporate Membership programs. For more information aboutthese programs or other donor recognition and sponsorshipopportunities, please call Martin Duus, Manager ofDevelopment, at --. For information aboutmajor gift opportunities, including bequests, gifts of securities,and special projects, please contact Margaret Touborg, SpecialAdvisor to the Director, at --.
The Frick Collection welcomes matching gifts. If your com-pany has a matching gift program, you can magnify the impactof your gift to the Collection by participating. A full list ofparticipating corporations appears on page .
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. BeineckeNancy BiallerMr. and Mrs. Marco P. BloemsmaGary M. BloomStanley and Roberta BogenW. Mark BradyDr. and Mrs. Goodwin M. BreininProfessor Jonathan M. BrownAnne BufordMrs. Jackson BurkeEric G. CarlsonGuy CaryCarroll J. Cavanagh and Candida N. SmithDr. Richard A. ChaseMrs. Thomas H. ChoateMr. and Mrs. Christopher T. ClarkMr. and Mrs. Howard L. Clark, Jr.T. A. CoxRobert DanceMr. and Mrs. Michel David-WeillElizabeth de CuevasHester DiamondMarshall DillDouglas DurstMrs. Charles H. DysonMr. and Mrs. John L. EastmanBruno and Silvia EberliMr. and Mrs. Walter A. EberstadtRobert EdselJohn W. Eichleay, Jr.Joseph ElmalehMarianne Elrick-ManleyMr. and Mrs. Anthony T. EndersThomas Epstein and Florence TeicherMr. and Mrs. Anthony B. EvninMr. and Mrs. Walter P. FekulaJerald Dillon FessendenP. J. FischerMrs. Anastassios FondarasDavid B. FordMr. and Mrs. Donald T. FoxMrs. William Fox, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Bert FreidusElise D. Frick and John A. GarratyDr. Suzanne FryeMr. and Mrs. Leandro S. Galban, Jr.Stephen A. GeigerMr. and Mrs. Bruce GeismarMr. and Mrs. Bruce GelbMr. and Mrs. Peter A. GeorgescuMr. Joachim Gfoeller, Jr.Abby GilmoreWilliam T. GoldenRobert B. Goldsmith and Teresa A. CarboneJoan and Donald GordonMr. and Mrs. Philip C. Gorrivan
Fellows of The Frick Collection Fellows gifts provide unrestricted annual support to The Frick Collection.
Honorary FellowsThe Honorable and Mrs.
Walter H. AnnenbergMr. and Mrs. Perry R. BassLe Comte dHaussonvilleTheodore DellMr. and Mrs. John L. MarionMrs. Paul MellonEdgar MunhallCharles RyskampMrs. William SuhrMr. and Mrs. Eugene Victor ThawFrederica von Stade
Henry Clay Frick FellowsMr. and Mrs. Peter P. Blanchard IIIMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah M. BogertDr. and Mrs. Henry Clay Frick IIEnid A. HauptMr. and Mrs. Henry R. KravisMr. and Mrs. Henry Luce IIIDiane Allen NixonMr. and Mrs. Howard Phipps, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Juan A. Sabater
Sustaining FellowsMr. and Mrs. Stephen M. KellenGianluigi and Claudia QuentinMartin J. and Renate F. Zimet
Supporting FellowsMr. and Mrs. I. Townsend Burden IIIMr. and Mrs. Minturn V. ChaceCatherine G. CurranMr. and Mrs. Christopher DavisNelly Arrieta de BlaquierMr. and Mrs. C. Douglas DillonMr. and Mrs. Steven EinhornMr. and Mrs. Robert F. ErburuJoanne duPont FosterMrs. Henry J. Heinz IILindsay McCrumMr. and Mrs. Jeremiah Milbank IIIRoland F. PeaseMarc PorterDavid RockefellerDr. and Mrs. Nathan Saint-AmandMr. and Mrs. Robert L. ShaferSuzette de Marigny Smith
Mr. and Mrs. Robert K. SteelSue Erpf Van de BovenkampMr. and Mrs. Wynant D. Vanderpoel IIIDr. and Mrs. Malcolm WienerNina and Michael Zilkha
Contributing FellowsMr. and Mrs. Anthony AmesKim C. and Gloria S. AndersonMr. and Mrs. Henry H. ArnholdAnne H. BassMrs. Christopher C. Y. ChenMrs. William Stratton ClarkThe Honorable and Mrs. Walter J. P. CurleyMr. and Mrs. Robert GarrettThe Honorable Sir David and Lady GibbonsMartha HareMr. and Mrs. G. Raymond Hodil, Jr.Peter W. JostenMr. and Mrs. Phillippe Khuong-HuuFrederick R. KochMr. and Mrs. Douglas B. LeedsArthur L. LoebRoss MagowanRachel Mauro and Ian Glen KennedyDiana Mercer and Heather Sue MercerCharles A. Miller, Jr. and Chas A. Miller IIIMr. and Mrs. Peter NitzeMr. and Mrs. Bernard G. PalitzMr. and Mrs. H. Charles PriceMr. and Mrs. W. D. RooseveltMr. and Mrs. Samuel Sachs IIRoberta and Irwin SchneidermanMr. and Mrs. George WachterMr. and Mrs. Ira D. WallachHonor T. WamslerBrenda Weeks-NerzWilliam J. Williams, Jr. and Barbara A. ReuterEmily A. Youssouf
FellowsMr. and Mrs. Neale M. AlbertMr. and Mrs. Armin Brand AllenMrs. C. Robert AllenBert AmadorDr. Madelyn AntoncicMrs. J. Sinclair ArmstrongCarol Aronson and Don ShobrysEdgar AronsonVera Miller AryehMr. and Mrs. Ronald R. AtkinsElizabeth A. BaltzSharon and Stephen BassockMr. and Mrs. Jonathan S. BeanDavid BeattieDonald and Jan Beddie
Harvey S. Shipley MillerRuth A. MuellerGabriel and Marilyn NahasDavid NashOtto NaumannJill NewhouseAnn Kendall NitzeThomas E. OBrienRichard E. OldenburgMrs. Sheldon OliensisDavid T. OwsleyMr. and Mrs. Gregory K. PalmMr. and Mrs. Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr.Sarah PeterIvan and Winifred PhillipsJohn B. PierceMr. and Mrs. Donaldson C. PillsburyDr. and Mrs. Simon B. PoytaMr. and Mrs. H. Charles PriceMr. and Mrs. Samuel F. Pryor IVSheila PullingMr. and Mrs. Eben W. PyneYvonne QuinnDr. and Mrs. James J. ReardonScott N. ResnickFrank E. RichardsonMrs. Robert RiggsJeannette and Jonathan RosenMr. and Mrs. Arthur RossDr. and Mrs. George RoushDr. Caroline Rubinstein and Phillip WinegarRobert RufinoMr. and Mrs. Winthrop Rutherfurd, Jr.Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. SacerdoteMr. and Mrs. John H. SackAlan E. SalzAubrey SarvisMrs. Henry SchachtC. M. SchamrothCaroline F. and Stuart B. SchimmelMr. and Mrs. Herbert D. SchimmelRaffaela SchirmerArthur Schlechter*Mary Coxe SchlosserMichael and Dafna SchmerinMr. and Mrs. Stanley DeForest ScottLarry SharMr. and Mrs. Constantine Sidamon-EristoffDr. Robert B. SimonJ. L. H. SimondsDonald G. SislerMrs. Olcott D. SmithMr. and Mrs. Robert A. SmithDaisy and Paul SorosIra SpaniermanGeorge Spera and Jane Ginsburg
Elizabeth M. StaffordMr. and Mrs. Kenneth I. StarrGarrick C. StephensonMr. and Mrs. George E. StephensonAdam and Tracy SternMr. and Mrs. Gerald StiebelIrving and Anna StrausAudrey Kurtzman and George SulaPatricia and Henry TangGregory F. TaylorMrs. Henry J. TaylorMr. and Mrs. Rodman K. Tilt, Jr.Susan and Joel TirschwellThe Honorable John TrainPaul UnderwoodMarilyn UngarIsabel B. Van DineMr. and Mrs. Mark L. VenrickJudith Mann VillardDr. and Mrs. Anthony Robert VolpeMr. and Mrs. John L. WardenElizabeth and Robert WebsterLee WeissmanMr. and Mrs. Karel WesterlingThe Honorable John C. WhiteheadAllison WhitingWheelock Whitney IIIDr. and M