The Garden Fence - University of Maryland Extension ... "I wonder how the world would look if more people,

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    The Garden Fence

    Harford County Master Gardeners

    Monthly Newsletter June 2019

    Summer solstice is Friday, June 21, 2019, the time when the Sun reaches both its highest and northernmost points in the Northern Hemisphere. Throughout history, people have gathered to celebrate and honor the Sun. As with the cycles of the Sun, we all go through highs and lows. It seems like each year, with the beginning of summer, something awakens inside. As you walk outside and sink your feet in the ground, you feel your energy grounding to the core of Mother Earth. I take this time to remember what helps keep me grounded: my family and friends. Of course gardening too! Summer solstice is all about expressing gratitude for gifts of harvest, bounty and abundance. It is a great time to enjoy being outside, connecting with nature and incorporating your awareness of the connection between health, wealth, and natural living. As the Sun finally sets, I plan to be watching it on my deck, holding hands with my husband of almost 43 years. He, like the Sun, gives me strength and guidance for which I am so grateful.

    Celebrate the Summer solstice! Ronnie Grevey ‘16

    President’s Message

    Inside this Issue President’s Message

    Trilliums Information Sheet

    Plant Blindness

    Nasturtium Baby Rose

    The Adorable Custom of

    ‘Telling The Bees’

    Pepper Just Sweet F1

    How to Make Sugared

    Pansies

    Continuing Education

    Opportunities

    Harford County Master

    Gardener Calendar

    Officers Ronnie Grevey, President

    Anne Bredlow, Vice President

    Kim Poehling, Secretary

    Carol Linthicum, Secretary

    Greg Murray, Treasurer

    Steve O’Brien, Newsletter

    Editor

    Ginny Smith, Newsletter &

    Continuing Education

    Quick Links

    Harford County Extension

    Office

    Home & Garden Info Center

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    Harford County Master

    Gardener Calendar

    https://extension.umd.edu/harford-county https://extension.umd.edu/harford-county https://extension.umd.edu/hgic https://extension.umd.edu/hgic https://vms.umd.edu/vms/sec_Login/ https://calendar.google.com/calendar/b/3/r/month?cid=bWFzdGVyZ2FyZGVuZXJzaGNAZ21haWwuY29t&pli=1 https://calendar.google.com/calendar/b/3/r/month?cid=bWFzdGVyZ2FyZGVuZXJzaGNAZ21haWwuY29t&pli=1

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    Genus: Trillium

    Species: T. erectum; 39 native trilliums in the U.S.

    Common Name: wake-robin, tri flower, birthroot, toadshade

    Origin: North America, Asia

    Growth Habit: ephemeral; grown from rhizomes; can tolerate extreme cold

    Dimensions: to 16” h; 12” wide

    Leaf: 3 bracts arranged in a whorl about a scape; some species mottled

    Flower: this species red; others species range purple, pink, white, yellow, green; either sessile (flower sits directly on to of whorled leaves); or pedicellate (flower is raised on a short stalk)

    Fragrance: stinky, available only to pollinators (carrion flies, bees, ants, beetles)

    Fruit: contains seeds – spread by ants and mice

    Uses: medicinal – roots and leaves for a variety of ailments

    Climate: zones 4 – 9

    Soil: rich, well drained, neutral to slightly acidic pH, part shade

    Pruning: do not pick flower, or cut back; keep the deer away

    Propagation: rhizome cuttings or division either in fall or late winter

    Pests and Diseases: not very competitive with other plants; deer

    Comments: Spring ephemerals with 2 distinct growth phases: Epigeous (above ground); and

    Hypogeous (below ground). Growth takes place undergroud in fall and winter. Once spring

    arrives and the ground begins to warm, leaves are produced and flower reproduction occurs.

    Plants bloom for only a short time, then die back into dormancy.

    Native Plants Committee, submitted by Anne Bredlow, ‘15

    Trilliums Information Sheet

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    What is plant blindness? When we don't notice the green all around us, it's bad for the planet. Imagine taking a walk in the woods and seeing a deer or a rabbit. You'll no doubt remember the encounter — it might even be the highlight of your outdoor adventure. But what about all the plants, trees and flowers you passed while hiking? There's a good chance you paid little attention to the greenery on your path -- That's what researchers call plant blindness!

    In 1998, U.S. botanists Elisabeth Schussler and James Wandersee defined plant blindness as "the inability to see or

    notice the plants in one's own environment," which leads to "the inability to recognize the importance of plants in the biosphere and in human affairs." Because of plant blindness, people tend to rank animals as superior to plants, so conservation efforts for plants tends to be limited. "We are absolutely dependent on plants for life and health, but so often they fade into the background and miss out in the direct actions we take to protect our planet," says biologist Kathryn Williams in the University of Washington's Conservation. "I wonder how the world would look if more people, instead of seeing a wall of green, saw individual plants as potential medicine, a source of food, or a loved part of their community." In a 2016 study, Williams and her team researched whether people are hardwired by evolution to ignore plant life and what this means for conservation. They found that although plants make up 57% of the endangered species in the U.S., they receive less than 4% of endangered species funding. Many studies have shown that people are drawn to images of animals instead of plants and can more easily remember them. The bias for animals over plants has been attributed to several factors, the researchers found. Plants don't move and people, especially children, are ‘tuned in’ to motion. Plants also tend to visually blend together.. One major cultural factor for the animal-over-plant preference is the greater focus on animals in education — sometimes referred to as zoocentrism or zoo-chauvinism. Researchers argue that because educators often use animals, rather than plants, as examples of basic biological concepts, children grow up with more familiarity and empathy toward animals. Why plant blindness is a problem While plant conservation funding drops and there is decreased interest in plant biology classes, the plant popularity issue has increasing ramifications. Plants are important for environmental and human health so the impact of plant loss is great. As the BBC's Christine Ro points out, "Plant research is critical to many scientific breakthroughs, from hardier food crops to more

    Plant Blindness

    Conservationists argue that plants aren't as appreciated as animals. (Photo: Skumer/Shutterstock)

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    effective medicines. More than 28,000 plant species are used medicinally, including plant-derived anti- cancer drugs and blood thinners." When plants are underappreciated and understudied, the environment and the people in it suffer. In addition, children who grow up with an animal-centric biological education don't learn to value the greenery around them. Being complacent about plants and the complete environment, youth don't grow up with interest in plant-related careers. The biggest issue of all: The world is dependent on plants! "Many of our biggest challenges of the 21st century are plant based: global warming, food security and the need for new pharmaceuticals that might help in the fight against diseases," writes Angelique Kritzinger, lecturer in the Department of Plant and Soil Sciences at the University of Pretoria, South Africa. "Without a basic knowledge of plant structure, function and diversity, there's little hope of addressing these problems." Submitted by MG Carol Lancaster ‘13 Source:https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/stories/what-plant- blindness?utm_source=Weekly+Newsletter&utm_campaign=7421820d74- RSS_EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_WED0508_2019&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_fcbff2e256-7421820d74-41736569 MNN.com > Earth Matters > Wilderness & Resources MARY JO DILONARDO May 6, 2019, 8:26 a.m.

    2019 All American Selections (AAS) Ornamental Seed Winner Regional Winner – Northeast, Heartland, Mountain /Southwest

    Exciting news! The last nasturtium AAS Winner was back in the early days, in the 1930’s. Now it’s time to introduce a wonderful rose colored nasturtium perfect for today’s gardens. Baby Rose is a petite-flowered, mounding variety with healthy, dark foliage ideal for containers and small space gardens. AAS’ expert judges praised the uniformly compact plants that sported flowers with consistent coloration. Their compact habit means less “flower flopping” with their blooms remaining upright throughout the season. The rose color is uncommon in nasturtiums, and contrasts beautifully with the dark-green foliage. Bonus: both the leaves