The Gray Wolf Canis lupus. Shelby Orr Shelby Dodd Katharine Benningfield Samantha Sedlock. Taxonomy. Domain: Eukarya Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Genus: Canis - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Gray Wolf Canis lupus
The Gray WolfCanis lupusShelby OrrShelby DoddKatharine BenningfieldSamantha Sedlock
TaxonomyDomain: Eukarya Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Canidae Genus: Canis Species: lupusCladogram
Life Cycles of the Gray WolfLife Span: 6 -10 years Mating Season: January and February9 week gestation periodOne litter per yearPups are born blind and deaf in litters of 5-7All wolves in the pack assist in raising wolf pups and group feeding strengthen social bonds
HabitatTundraDesertsMountainsGrasslands Temperate forestsWhy do they need to live in THESE places??
Social StructureTwo Breeding WolvesBeta WolfOmega WolfSize of Pack
Wolf GrowlingCommunication between the packDeclaration of territoryHowl herd up to 10 miles awayMost often during twilight hours
8DietCarnivores (meat eating)Primarily feed on medium to large sized unregulates - hoofed animalsAs predators, gray wolves help maintain balance in the food web.Regulate populations of their prey animals.
Trophic HierachyTertiary ConsumersSecondary ConsumerPrimary ConsumersPrimary ProducersWolvesPlantsHuntingWolf pairs strategize when attacking large preyKill large prey by tearing at their throat, severing the windpipe.Pack status is reinforced during feeding.
Habitat ChangeHow are they effected if they change habitats?Can they be domesticated?
Environmental ChangesGlobal WarmingIncrease frequency and intensity of forest firesWolves are at the top of the food chainWinters are shorterHabitat DestructionYellow stone is being preserved In the 1900s Wolves and Bison were over hunted and disappeared from the Yellow Stone AreaPreserving the Wild