The impact of climate change on employment: management impact of climate change on employment: management of transitions through social dialogue. Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of

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  • The impact of climate change on employment:

    management of transitions through social dialogue

    Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the

    effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on

    competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in

    Spain

    Geneva, 2010

  • The impact of climate change on employment: management of transitions through social dialogue. Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in Spain

    ii

    Acknowledgements

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) is devoted to advancing opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work in conditions of freedom, equality, security and human dignity. Its principal objectives are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protaction and strengthen dialogue in handling work-related issues.

    The ILO is the only tripartite United Nations agency in that it brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes. This unique way of reaching agreements gives the ILO an edge in incorporating real world knowledge about employment and work.

    Social dialogue plays a crucial role in achieving the ILOs goal of promoting equal opportunity between women and men to obtain productive and decent jobs in conditions of liberty, security and dignity.

    For the ILO, the concept of green jobs encompasses the transformation of economies, enterprises, workplaces and labour markets towards a sustainable economy which provides decent jobs with low levels of carbon consumption.

    This case study on Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in Spain joins two of the principle interests on which the ILO works: social dialogue and sustainable development.

    The present document is a rough draft. The definitive report will be published in the following months.

    The ILO commissioned this case study to the Sustainlabour Foundation. We would like to thank the Sustainlabour Foundation its work and dedicated interest in the realization of this study.

  • The impact of climate change on employment: management of transitions through social dialogue. Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in Spain

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    Table of Contents

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................. v

    Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1

    Study guide. Key questions and answers. ............................................................................................. 5

    1 Context .............................................................................................................................................. 9

    1 .1.- Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol ...................................................................................... 9

    1.2 . Spain and its commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The path to compliance. ......................... 10

    1.3.- Towards emissions reduction. Institutional and legal framework. .............................................. 13

    1 .4 .- National emission allowances Allocation Plan .......................................................................... 13

    1 .5 The NAP, participation and social dialogue ............................................................................... 16

    2 - Introduction to Social Dialogue Roundtables .................................................................................... 18

    2. 1 .Legal framework ........................................................................................................................ 18

    2.2. Composition ............................................................................................................................... 19

    2.3. Competences .............................................................................................................................. 20

    2.4. How the social dialogue roundtables work .................................................................................. 20

    3. Sectoral diagnoses .......................................................................................................................... 21

    Diagnosis by Sector ............................................................................................................................ 25

    3.1. - Electricity Sector ....................................................................................................................... 25

    3 .2 . - Fuel refining ............................................................................................................................ 28

    3 .3. - Iron and Steel and Coke Ovens ................................................................................................. 29

    3.4 . - Cement and lime ...................................................................................................................... 32

    3.5. Glass and frits .......................................................................................................................... 35

    3 .6 . Ceramics ................................................................................................................................ 38

    3.7. - Paper and Cardboard ................................................................................................................ 41

  • The impact of climate change on employment: management of transitions through social dialogue. Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in Spain

    iv

    4. Diffuse Sectors Dialogue Roundtable ................................................................................................. 43

    4.1 - Evolution of emissions ............................................................................................................... 43

    4.2. - Description of the Transport and Residential, Commercial and Institutional (R, C and I) Sectors45

    5. - Social Dialogue Roundtables from the point of view of participants. Interview results. .................... 47

    5.1. The Interviewees: ..................................................................................................................... 47

    5.2. - General evaluation of dialogue roundtables, their objectives, achievements and expectations. 49

    5.3. - Contribution of the dialogue roundtables to NAP implementation: impact on competitiveness

    and employment ............................................................................................................................... 52

    5.4. - Functioning and operational aspects of the dialogue roundtables ............................................. 55

    5.5 Suggestions ............................................................................................................................... 55

    5.6. - Updating and evaluation of roundtables ................................................................................... 56

    6. - Initiatives by roundtable participants in response to the challenge of the NAP and the Social Dialogue roundtables ..................................................................................................................... 61

    7.- Conclusions ...................................................................................................................................... 64

    ANNEXES ............................................................................................................................................... 68

    ANNEX I Sources of Information, Bibliography and Normative Framework ...................................... 68

    ANNEX II - Verified emissions and production by industrial sectors - Period 2005 and 2006 .............. 72

    ANNEX III Survey of participants in social dialogue roundtables ...................................................... 73

    Social Dialogue roundtables Case Study ......................................................................................... 73

    Interview ....................................................................................................................................... 73

    Annex IV. LIST OF ACRONYMNS ........................................................................................................... v

  • The impact of climate change on employment: management of transitions through social dialogue. Case study of Social Dialogue Roundtables on the effects of compliance with the Kyoto Protocol on competitiveness, employment and social cohesion in Spain

    v

    LIST OF ACRONYMNS

    AC Iniciativas de Aplicacin Conjunta (Joint Implementation)

    AGE Administracin General del Estado (General State Government)

    ANFEVI Asociacin Nacional de Empresas de Fabricacin Automtica de Envases de

    Vidrio (National Association of Companies engaging in Automated Manufacture

    of Glass Receptacles)

    ASCER Asociacin Espaola de Fabricantes de Azulejos y Pavimentos Cermicos

    (Spanish Association of Manufacturers of Ceramic Tiles and Paving)

    ASPAPEL Asociacin Espa