The Mention-Citation Sandwich Creating PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS and A Works Cited Page MLA Documentation

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The Mention-Citation Sandwich Creating PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS and A Works Cited Page MLA Documentation Slide 2 Basic Document Format Double space everything Last name and page number on right margin of header Information at top of page one is standardized (your name, instructor name, class, date) Title is centered Works Cited page appears on separate page after the text is finished Slide 3 Sample First Page Slide 4 What is MLA? Modern Language Association Humanities Most 4-year college classes will use Other documentation styles Chicago Style APA Used by Social Sciences Most handbooks do cover APA Many other specialized Once you learn one, others easy to adapt All include citations within the text (or endnotes or footnotes) and some type of bibliography Slide 5 A Three-Pronged Attack Mention In the paper, you will introduce sources Get used to phrases like, According to. Citation Parenthetical citations signal the end of source material Works Cited Page Your book/handbook provides models Slide 6 Part 1: The Mention Come right out and say it! Use the authors full name and article or book title the first time. Authors last name thereafter. Sample: According to Models for Writers by Alfred Rosa and Paul Eschholz, To describe is to create a verbal picture (343). Rosa and Eschholz go on to give an example written by Thomas Mann of a deli (343). Slide 7 Part 2: The Citation What goes inside the parentheses will vary by what source you have. Print sources: Authors last name and page number (Smith 25). Electronic sources wont have a page number: (Smith). Anonymous articles or books: abbreviation of the title Time for a Change would become (Time 27) or (Time). Sample: According to Models for Writers by Alfred Rosa and Paul Eschholz, To describe is to create a verbal picture (343). Rosa and Eschholz go on to give an example written by Thomas Mann of a deli (343). Slide 8 Slide 9 The Mention-Citation Sandwich It is NOT ok to just have a citation at the end of a paragraph Implies that only the last sentence came from the source By starting with a mention and ending with a citation, you make it clear everything from point A to point B came from that same source Examples. Slide 10 The Mention-Citation Sandwich Incorrect The traditional Southern lady is the mistress of her husbands plantation and a symbol of lost virtue in that the Southern men hadnt been able to insure her safety during the Civil War..... A wifes vocation was to enhance the comfort, social status, and masculinity of her husband (Blackwelder 98). Correct In Ladies, Belles, Working Women, and Civil Rights, Julia Kirk Blackwelder offers a model of the traditional Southern lady: she is the mistress of her husbands plantation and a symbol of lost virtue in that the Southern men hadnt been able to insure her safety during the Civil War.... A wifes vocation was to enhance the comfort, social status, and masculinity of her husband (98). Slide 11 Works Cited Page Purpose: to give the reader the information necessary to find the source for him or herself. Contains all bibliographic information such as author, title, source, dates, etc. The information you will need includes: Author, Title, Source, Date, Place/Publisher, Medium and sometimes more. Slide 12 Works Cited Rules Alphabetized by authors last name. If no author, the title is used. Double-spaced using hanging indent. Comes at the end of your paper but is part of the same document. Slide 13 Other Tidbits Capitalization of Titles Use initial capitalization even if the source you got it from does not! (Online sources are notorious for not following MLA rules.) Quotation Marks for Titles Magazine articles, songs, TV episodes, poems, stories, etc. Italics for Titles Books, CDs, TV shows, movies, journals, websites etc. Slide 14 Creating Entries All books & textbooks which cover how to cite sources do so by example The LSCC Library has kindly provided a handout that gives samples based on our databases and other resources Also examine the sections in our textbooks that give samples of Works Cited entries. Use your handbook first! Slide 15 Computer Help with Works Cited When finished typing the paper itself, press Enter Go to the INSERT menu and insert a PAGE BREAK Center the phrase Works Cited Press ENTER, return to the Left Margin, and turn on Hanging Indent Use the Format/Paragraph Menu Can also use the Ruler Slide 16 Adding Source Material to Your Paper Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summary Slide 17 Quoting Word-for-word inclusion of information from a source. Indicated as a quote with quotation marks. When to use? When the original wording is particularly striking or important. Avoid over-using quotes, especially long quotes that will have to be indented. Slide 18 Paraphrasing More than just re-wording. Cannot have the same sentence structure. A statement wholly in your own words that captures information from a source. Will not use quotation marks, but will still indicate that a source is involved mention/citation sandwich! Slide 19 Summarizing Similar to paraphrase in that summary is in your own words and does not mimic the structure of the original in any way. The difference is that summary boils something large into something smaller. A whole book could be summarized in one paragraph. A whole paragraph or essay might take up only one sentence. Slide 20 Clarity is Key How does your reader know what ideas are yours and what come from your sources? By using the Mention-Citation Sandwich, you will always make it clear where you end and where your sources begin. The following slide offers a sample from a research paper with the source areas inside the red mention-citations, and original material in blue. Slide 21 One artist who has recently come under fire is Reggae performer Beenie Man. As Peter Baileys article Beenie Man Feels the Heat points out, Beenie Man is taking heat from gay activists for his violently homophobic lyrics (Bailey). Even if music like Beenie Mans doesnt make kids commit violent acts, you do have to wonder how appropriate it is for kids. OutRage President Peter Tatchell says, Were talking about someone who is saying you should burn gay people alive (Bailey). Clearly, such acts are not acceptable. Bailey goes on to discuss a criminal case currently pending against Beenie Man in England. There, it is illegal to use threatening words to incite violence (Bailey). Slide 22 Now What? Your mission.. To successfully document sources in your Research Paper and any paper you ever write in which you get material from a source other than your brain The payoff. Your instructors will love you! You will never inadvertently plagiarize again! See your instructor or the Learning Center for extra help! by Jacklyn R. Pierce Original Content for Slides Slide 23 Working on the Works Cited Page Slide 24 Print Sources on the Works Cited Page Slide 25 Citing A One Author Book Freeman, Michael. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and-Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 26 Citing A Two Author Book Freeman, Michael and Dan Jones. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First and First Last. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 27 Citing A Three Author Book Freeman, Michael, James Smith and Dan Jones. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First, First Last, First Last. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 28 Citing A Four or More Author Book Freeman, Michael, et al. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First, et al. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 29 Citing A One Editor Book Freeman, Michael, ed. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and-Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First, ed. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 30 Citing A Two Editor Book Freeman, Michael and Dan Jones, eds. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First and First Last, eds. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 31 Citing A Three Editor Book Freeman, Michael, James Smith and Dan Jones, eds. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First, First Last, First Last, eds. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 32 Citing A Four or More Editor Book Freeman, Michael, et al., eds. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough-and- Tumble World of the NFL. New York: William Morrow, 2003. Print. Author Last, First, et al., eds. Title. City: Publisher, Date. Medium. Slide 33 Use the same format for naming authors and editors in books, articles, and websites, whenever the names are available. Slide 34 Citing Articles with Author Freeman, Michael. Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and-Tumble World of the NFL. Sports Illustrated 20 Dec. 2005: 224+. Print. Author Last, First. Title of Article. Periodical Date: Page(s). Medium. Slide 35 Citing Articles with No Author Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and-Tumble World of the NFL. Sports Illustrated 20 Dec. 2005: 224+. Print. Title of Article. Periodical Date: Page(s). Medium. Slide 36 Citing Article Dates Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and-Tumble World of the NFL. Sports Illustrated 20 Dec. 2005: 224+. Print. Weekly: 20 Dec. 2005: Monthly: Dec. 2005: Bimonthly: Nov- Dec. 2005: Slide 37 Citing Articles with Volumes and Issues Bloody Sundays: Inside the Dazzling, Rough- and-Tumble World of the NFL. Sports Journal 22.3 (2005): 224+. Print. Title of Article. Periodical Volume.Issue (Year): Page(s). Medium. Sli