The Mind from Descartes to HegelTalk by Andy Blunden, 15 February 2011
Descartes and ConsciousnessRene Descartes (1596-1650)De omnibus dubitandum Doubt everything
I think, therefore I am!?
Mind/matter: Ontological distinctionSubject/Object: Epistemological relationDescartes mistakeKant
Herder and CultureThe Romantic reaction to the EnlightenmentJohann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803)
God/Nature is ActiveEveryone has their Schwerpunkt !Herder
God/Nature is Active
Everyone has their Schwerpunkt !
Goetheand Romantic ScienceGestalt(1749-1832)
Hegel(1770-1831)Thought-object / ArtefactSubject-Object
Thought-object / Artefact
Way of thinking Way of Life Constellation of artefactsThe Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)Formation of ConsciousnessHegel
Way of thinking Way of Life Constellation of artefacts
Hegels PsychologySoul (Feeling)Consciousness (Sensation)Intellect (Symbols)Immediate, no relationRelative to an OtherRelates to Subject-Object
Unit of AnalysisHerderGoetheHegelMarx
Genealogy of CHAT:http://lchc.ucsd.edu/mca/Paper/Genealogy-CHAT.htmAndy Blundens Home Pagehttp://home.mira.net/~andyHistory of Philosophy on M.I.A.:http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/
Available for consultation:
2:30pm 5pm Tuesday 15th February1:30pm 4pm Wednesday 15th February2:30pm 5pm Friday 18th February1:30pm 4pm Monday 21st February2:30pm 5pm Tuesday 22nd February2:30pm 5pm Wednesday 23rd February12:30pm 5pm Friday 25th FebruaryPlease book a time with Carol on 082 562 1050
Program of TalksTuesday 15thStaff LoungeThe Mind from Descartes to Hegel Wsday 16thSenate RoomMarx & Modernity: Mind, Culture & Activity Friday18thStaff LoungeVygotsky & Concept of Consciousness Monday 21stSenate RoomIs Science a Humanity? Tuesday 22ndStaff LoungeUnits & Motives in Activity Theory Wnsday 23rdStaff LoungeProjects & the Problem of Context Monday 28th Staff LoungeVygotskys Theory of Child Development
*Descartes is condemned for dualismDescartes discovered consciousnessDescartes questioned book sensuous and book knowledgeHe wanted some certainty to start fromThought could represent material processes. How was this possible?*He asked: was there any certain knowledge?And he wanted to work out how thought and matter were connectedHe could at least be sure that he existed: I think therefore I amSpinoza: two attributes instead of two substances, and mechanical fatalismDescartes followed by Rational critiques of EmpiricismKant made science possible, but could not get rid of dualisms.
*Descartes mistake was setting off from ontological distinction to solve epistemological problemConscious is not materialConsciousness arises from interaction of physiology and behaviourProblem of knowledge must begin from subject-object relationDescartes could not solve problem he setBut he distinction has been sublated into following philosophy*Real roots of CHAT in Romantic reaction to EnlightenmentReason was not universal: thinking arose from working with symbolsHerder investigated Zeitgeist and VolksgeistFounder of cultural anthropology, contributed to aesthetics, linguisticsThe greatest discoveries are made not by individuals but by their age.*Herder made a critique of Spinoza: God/Nature was activeEvery people and every person has their Schwerpunkt*First European celebrity, cast influence over German speakers for a centuryRomantic Science: grasp things as a wholeItalian journey: UrphnomenPossible ways of conceiving of a complex: common attribute, Metaphysical force or principle, structuralism, functionalism*Morphology: the cellImage which is its own explanatory principle.Hegel made the Urphnomen the Urphnomen of this philosophy.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*The Phenomenology of SpiritProblems lead to skeptical attacks on the key conceptThe Logic sets out the dynamics, with the abstract concept beginning each science.*LetterModel of science: begin from concept of the subject matterConcept is an object of experienceIndividual-Universal-Particular*Arcane but powerfulCell, IUPHegel was an idealist!Hegel had his own psychology