The Mind from Descartes to Hegel

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The Mind from Descartes to Hegel. Talk by Andy Blunden, 15 February 2011. Descartes and Consciousness. Rene Descartes (1596-1650). “De omnibus dubitandum” – Doubt everything. “I think, therefore I am!”. ?. Mind/matter: Ontological distinction. Subject/Object: Epistemological relation. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Mind from Descartes to Hegel

  • The Mind from Descartes to HegelTalk by Andy Blunden, 15 February 2011

  • Descartes and ConsciousnessRene Descartes (1596-1650)De omnibus dubitandum Doubt everything

  • I think, therefore I am!?

  • Mind/matter: Ontological distinctionSubject/Object: Epistemological relationDescartes mistakeKant

  • Herder and CultureThe Romantic reaction to the EnlightenmentJohann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803)

  • God/Nature is ActiveEveryone has their Schwerpunkt !Herder

  • God/Nature is Active

  • Everyone has their Schwerpunkt !

  • Goetheand Romantic ScienceGestalt(1749-1832)

  • UrphnomenGoethe

  • Hegel(1770-1831)Thought-object / ArtefactSubject-Object

  • Thought-object / Artefact

  • Subject-Object

  • Way of thinking Way of Life Constellation of artefactsThe Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)Formation of ConsciousnessHegel

  • Way of thinking Way of Life Constellation of artefacts

  • ConceptHegel

  • Hegels IdealismHegel

  • Hegels PsychologySoul (Feeling)Consciousness (Sensation)Intellect (Symbols)Immediate, no relationRelative to an OtherRelates to Subject-Object

  • ActivityHerderFichteHessMarx

  • Unit of AnalysisHerderGoetheHegelMarx

  • In Conclusionhttp://lchc.ucsd.edu/mca/Paper/Genealogy-CHAT.htm

  • Genealogy of CHAT:http://lchc.ucsd.edu/mca/Paper/Genealogy-CHAT.htmAndy Blundens Home Pagehttp://home.mira.net/~andyHistory of Philosophy on M.I.A.:http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/

  • Available for consultation:

    2:30pm 5pm Tuesday 15th February1:30pm 4pm Wednesday 15th February2:30pm 5pm Friday 18th February1:30pm 4pm Monday 21st February2:30pm 5pm Tuesday 22nd February2:30pm 5pm Wednesday 23rd February12:30pm 5pm Friday 25th FebruaryPlease book a time with Carol on 082 562 1050

  • Program of TalksTuesday 15thStaff LoungeThe Mind from Descartes to Hegel Wsday 16thSenate RoomMarx & Modernity: Mind, Culture & Activity Friday18thStaff LoungeVygotsky & Concept of Consciousness Monday 21stSenate RoomIs Science a Humanity? Tuesday 22ndStaff LoungeUnits & Motives in Activity Theory Wnsday 23rdStaff LoungeProjects & the Problem of Context Monday 28th Staff LoungeVygotskys Theory of Child Development

    *Descartes is condemned for dualismDescartes discovered consciousnessDescartes questioned book sensuous and book knowledgeHe wanted some certainty to start fromThought could represent material processes. How was this possible?*He asked: was there any certain knowledge?And he wanted to work out how thought and matter were connectedHe could at least be sure that he existed: I think therefore I amSpinoza: two attributes instead of two substances, and mechanical fatalismDescartes followed by Rational critiques of EmpiricismKant made science possible, but could not get rid of dualisms.

    *Descartes mistake was setting off from ontological distinction to solve epistemological problemConscious is not materialConsciousness arises from interaction of physiology and behaviourProblem of knowledge must begin from subject-object relationDescartes could not solve problem he setBut he distinction has been sublated into following philosophy*Real roots of CHAT in Romantic reaction to EnlightenmentReason was not universal: thinking arose from working with symbolsHerder investigated Zeitgeist and VolksgeistFounder of cultural anthropology, contributed to aesthetics, linguisticsThe greatest discoveries are made not by individuals but by their age.*Herder made a critique of Spinoza: God/Nature was activeEvery people and every person has their Schwerpunkt*First European celebrity, cast influence over German speakers for a centuryRomantic Science: grasp things as a wholeItalian journey: UrphnomenPossible ways of conceiving of a complex: common attribute, Metaphysical force or principle, structuralism, functionalism*Morphology: the cellImage which is its own explanatory principle.Hegel made the Urphnomen the Urphnomen of this philosophy.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*Kant brought us to the subject-object relationBut following Herders idea, Hegel took subject-object together as the starting pointKey idea was the thought-object (artefact)We live in and create our own cultural world.*The Phenomenology of SpiritProblems lead to skeptical attacks on the key conceptThe Logic sets out the dynamics, with the abstract concept beginning each science.*LetterModel of science: begin from concept of the subject matterConcept is an object of experienceIndividual-Universal-Particular*Arcane but powerfulCell, IUPHegel was an idealist!Hegel had his own psychology