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The Monashees - UVic

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PowerPoint Presentation27 January 2013
• Many subranges(Gold, Jordan, Midway, Kettle River etc.)
TNRD Film
(3274m), Hallam Peak (3205m), Mt.
Thor (3146m)
River
Plateau
: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Monashee_peaks.JPG
http://bivouac.com/TempFiles/Thumb/Mtn/2209_5813.jpg
• Steep valley walls
pleistocene
- Orographic lifting over vancouver island and coast
mountains leads to condensation
- Clouds have less moisture by the time they are lifted
by the Monashees
A) Hallam Peak
- MAT: -4.4°C
- MAT: 4.3°C
snowmelt season
-Conservative year-to-year
Shuswap terrane
a base of gneiss and granitic batholiths
- Subdivided into the Frenchman Cap and Thor-
Odin complex
along the ocean-continent margin
continent
terrane, a metamorphic core
of the Monashee range (Brown and Read,
1983)
-Large sediment deposits at start of Holocene
-300m thick deposits in as little as 200yrs
9) Vegetation
- Biogeoclimatic zone: Engelmann spruce – subalpine fir zone
- represents all land below alpine tundra in the Columbia Mountains, and the majority of the
Monashee range
redcedar are also abundant (Coupe et al.,
n.d.)
Ministry of Forests, 1998)
- Subalpine meadows occur where
Indian hellebore, subalpine daisy,
paintbrush, and Sitka valerian
- Some subalpine grasslands exist,
but only in drier, southern areas (Church and Ryder, 2010)
- Biogeoclimatic zone: Alpine tundra zone
- represents all land above the Engelmann spruce – subalpine fir zone in the Columbia
Mountains
fescue, wheatgrasses and
bluegrasses, alpine sweatgrass,
etc.) and lichens
Soils
(Church and Ryder, 2010)
(Church and Ryder, 2010)
References B.C. Ministry of Forests (1998). The ecology of the Engelmann spruce – subalpine fir zone. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/bro /bro55.pdf
B.C. Ministry of Forests (1998). The ecology of the alpine tundra zone. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/bro/bro56.pdf
Brown, R.L., & Read, P.B. (1983). Shuswap terrane of British Columbia: A Mesozoic “core complex”. Geology, 11(3), 164-
168.
Church, B.N., & Jones, L.D. (1999). Metallogeny of the Bridge River mining camp. Ministry of Energy, Mines, and Natural
Gas. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from http://www.empr.gov.bc.ca/mining/geoscience/minfile/products
downloads/publicationslist/pages/bridge.aspx
Church, M., & Ryder, J.M. (2010). Physiography of British Columbia. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from http://www.geog.
uvic.ca/geog476/church2010.pdf
ubc.ca/cfcg/ClimateBC/ClimateBC.html#desktop
Coupe, R., Stewart, A.C., & Wikeem, B.M. (n.d.). Engelmann spruce – subalpine fir zone. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/docs/srs/Srs06/ chap15.pdf
Google Earth (Version 6.1) [Software]. Google Inc. (2011) Holland, S.S. (1976). Landforms of British Columbia: A
physiographic outline. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from http://www.geog.uvic.ca/geog476/holland1976.pdf.
Journeay, J.M. (1981). Structural setting along the northwest flank of Frenchman Cap Dome Monashee complex. British
Columbia Geological Survey Fieldwork, 187-201.
Moore, R.D., Spittlehouse, D.L., Whitfield, D.H., & Stahl, K. (n.d.). Weather and climate. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from
http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Lmh/L mh66/Lmh66_ch03.pdf
NavCanada (n.d.). Weather patterns of British Columbia. Retrieved January 25, 2013 from http://www.navcanada.ca/
contentdefinitionfiles/publications/lak/bc/3-bc31e.pdf
Williams, P.F. (2011). Cyclicity folding in the Monashee complex of the Canadian Cordillera. Journal of Structural Geology,
33(3), 187.

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