The Old Testament: The Story of God’s Boundless Love

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  • The Old Testament: The Story of Gods Boundless Love
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  • Bible Biblia: means little books The Bible is the word of God inspired by the Holy Spirit Consists of both the Old and New Testament
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  • Old Testament Covenant: the conditional promises made to humanity by God Testament is another word for covenant Old Testament tells the Story before the time of Jesus Comprised of 46 books
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  • New Testament Comprised of 27 books These books detail the life of Jesus and the early Christian community that followed His death and resurrection
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  • Inspired Word of God DOES NOT mean that God whispered into the ears of writers what they should write DOES NOT mean the Bibles is factually or scientifically correct IT DOES MEAN that it contains all the truth that is necessary for salvation Salvation: deliverance of penalty of sin
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  • Inspired Word of God Authors of biblical writers were influenced by their surroundings Influenced by their ancient myths, legends, stories, political ideals Various forms used to meet audiences needs. -Orally told before written Old Testament was written over a period of about 1,000 years New Testament was written over a period of about 50 years
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  • Why Study the bible? Scripture Scholarship varies what was the original intent? What does the author mean? Early texts were translated from Hebrew GreekLatinEnglish Scholars try to understand the history, archeology, literary forms and culture surrounding the writings
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  • The churchs role in Scripture The Churchs main role is to provide help and guidance in understanding the meaning of scripture Tradition is the oral preaching of Jesus followers Magisterium: the primary teaching body of the Church the pope and bishops Guided by the Holy Spirit Interpret the Scriptures and Tradition
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  • Salvation history Salvation history is the Story of Gods actions and the peoples responses over many centuries Salvation history began around 1850 B.C. to circa 100 A.D.
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  • Periods of Biblical History The Founders and the Promise The Exodus of the Israelites and the Covenant Taking over the Promised Land The Nation and the Temple The Kings and the Prophets The Babylonian Exile and the Jewish Dispersion Jesus, the Savior Judaism after the Biblical Period
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  • The Founders and the Promise Story begins with Abraham, a wandering herdsman who lived in present day Iraq around 1850 BC God made a covenant with Abraham promising him land in modern-day Israel (Canaan)
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  • The Exodus and covenant Story of escape from Egypt led by Moses Covenant of the 10 Commandments Hebrew people were made the people of God
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  • Taking Over the Promised Land Led by Joshua, the Israelites take over the Promised Land They fought to take back the land being led by judges Begin to build up a vast empire
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  • The Nation and the Temple Around 1,000 BC Israel became recognized as a nation King David was the GREAT leader from this period Davids son Solomon builds the Temple in Jerusalem
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  • The Kings and Prophets After Solomon's death, the Kingdom is divided Prophets began to speak out against the kings Prophets tried to re- new the covenant with God
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  • The Babylonian Exile and Dispersion Exile: Forced from your homeland Dispersion: The spreading out or scattering of people Concept of monotheism is developed Monotheism: belief in one God Released after about 50 years of captivity
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  • Jesus, The Savior Jesus the Christ comes for the forgiveness of sins Christianity develops and Christians (the followers of Christ) believe Christ is the Messiahanointed one
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  • After Jesus Destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 AD Council of Jamnia in 90 set the official canon of the Bible Canon: list of books recognized as divinely inspired
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  • The OLD TESTAMENT There are 46 Books in the Old Testament Four main groups: The Pentateuch or The Torah The first five books of the Bible The historical books The wisdom books The prophetic books
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  • The Pentateuch The first five books of the Old Testament means five books Jews refer to these books as the Torah The five books of the Pentateuch are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
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  • The Historical Books These books tell the story of conquering the Promised Land There are 16 Historical books These books discuss Joshua, the judges and the first kings, heroes and heroines
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  • The Wisdom Books Poetic books that discuss ways of prayers They also discuss the power of faith in every day life There are 7 books of wisdom.
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  • The Prophetic Books The prophetic books tell us about men who loved Israel and who warned it to depart from its bad ways. There are 18 prophetic books. Prophets are broken up into three periods: Pre-exilic prophets Exilic prophets Postexilic prophets
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  • Beginnings: Stories of Gods Creation and PRomises
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  • Genesis Genesis means beginning Think of it as Israels pre- history Depicts: Story of Creation Adam and Eve and the Fall Cain and Abel, Noah The Tower of Babel
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  • Babylonians Polytheistic: worshiping many gods These gods were self- serving, violent and destructive These gods thought of human beings as slaves and humans were put in the middle of the wars between the gods Babylonians felt a need to please the gods
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  • Jewish Faith Monotheistic: believe in one God Unlike Babylonians chaotic world, Jews believed that out of chaos God brought forth goodness, order, beauty and life
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  • How Jews were Different? Jews believed God to be good, humans to be good and life to be good Sabbath day: importance is that it set the Jews apart from their Babylonian captors By putting it in the story of Creation is emphasized its importance
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  • Is Creation Story Science? Creationists: those who insist that the account of Genesis is factually true Evolutionists: argue that the universe has evolved over millions of years, with humankind as a recent part of that evolution process biblical accounts of creation were meant to convey religious truth, not scientific fact
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  • Catholic Churchs Teachings Church teaches that both the biblical account of creation and evolution work together The biblical creation story is not scientific fact However, it does contain the underlying truth that God is the source of all goodness
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  • Sin Enters the World In the 2 nd story of creation we encounter the story of Adam and Eve Adam is accused of eating from the forbidden treehe passes blame to Eveshe passes blame to the serpent Result: relationships were hurt, man will have to work and women will be subject to their husbands
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  • Original Sin The Fall: the first sin of humankind Original Sin: the inherited sin of Adam and Eveinclination towards evil Essentially is human beings refusal to acknowledge God as God and ourselves as dependent on Him.
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  • The Main Point? It was human beings who chose to rebel against God God does not create injustice in the world; human beings do by their bad choices
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  • Sin Spreads Following the Fall, sin continues to spread with Cain and Abel Am I my brothers keeper? People use this today to try and get out of responsibility of knowing something is wrong and still do it
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  • The First Covenant Noahs Flood story is a story about how human beings became corrupted and God attempted to start over As a result of Noahs loyalty, God creates a covenant with Noah Covenant: a solemn promise
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  • Point of Noah Whoever hears and obeys Gods word will be saved and whoever does not, will be lost Saved is not in terms of life, but in terms of not forgetting how to love and serve First covenant, the world will not be destroyed again by a flood
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  • The Tower of Babel Great sin here is the arrogance the nation had in thinking it could build a tower to heaven The writer also tried to explain why people speak different languages
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  • Abraham: The Father of Faith
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  • Abraham and Sarah Abraham was the father of biblical faithfather of Judaism, Christianity and Islam Sarah: the wife of Abraham
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  • Call of Abram and the Covenant Semites: ancient peoples of the Near East who the Israelites descended from Abram travelled from the city of Ur to Haran (hears Gods call in Haran) God tells Abram to go to Canaan and it is there a great nation will grow Hint the name: Promised Land
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  • Abram Responds Abram leaves everything behind and follows God Abram is disappointed because he is old and does not have a son (heir) God tells him to look at the starseverything he sees will be a descendent of his S