The Protestant Reformation. Causes of the Reformation. 100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church. What was the Protestant Reformation?. Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Text of The Protestant Reformation
100 Years War and Black DeathScientific Advances which contradicted the ChurchThe Corruption within the Catholic Church
Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman CatholicThe [REFORM]ation was an attempt to REFORM the Catholic ChurchPeople like Martin Luther wanted to get rid of the corruption and restore the peoples faith in the church
In the end the reformers, like Luther, established their own religionsThe Reformation caused a split in Christianity with the formation of these new Protestant religions
Martin LutherJohn CalvinHenry VIII
Lived from 1483-1546 in GermanyFather encouraged him to study law A sudden religious experience inspired him to become a monk
He became troubled over the possibility of not going to heaven He turned to the Bible, and confession for comfortIn the Bible he found the answer he was looking for
The righteous shall by his faith.Luther realized that only faith (in the ultimate goodness of Jesus), not good deeds, could save a person. No good works, rituals, etc. would save a person if they did not believe.
A list of things he thought were wrong with the Catholic Church (95 Complaints)He criticized:The Power of the PopeThe Extreme Wealth of the ChurchIndulgences (Catholic concept of Salvation)
Gutenbergs Printing Press made it possible for Luther to spread his beliefsPosted his 95 Theses on Church doors in GermanyGained support from people and criticism from Church
The first thing printed on Gutenbergs press was the Bible. This is a picture of a page from one of Gutenbergs Bibles.
The Diet of Worms1520 Pope Leo X order Luther to give up his beliefsLuther burned the order and was excommunicatedLuther went into hiding where he translated the New Testament into German spreading his beliefs even further
He was the Pope during the height of the corruption
I am fed up with the world, and it with me. I am like a ripe stool, and the world is like a gigantic anus, and so were about to let go of each other. -Luther
Some Local German Churches accepted Luthers ideasLutheranism was formedSupported by German Princes who issued a formal protest against the Church for suppressing the reformsThe reformers came to be known as [PROTEST]ants - Protestants
May little chickens dig out your eyes 100,000 times.- Calvin speaking to another reformer whose ideas he disagreed with
Anti-Catholic Influenced by Martin LutherDisagreed with Luthers Salvation through faith alone.Created his own Protestant religion in Switzerland
Calvin believed in: Salvation through PredestinationAt birth it is decided if you will go to heaven or hell
ForeknowledgeGod knows everything that will happen in your lifePurified approach to life:No drinking, swearing, card playing, gambling etc..
Started in Switzerland CalvinistsEngland = PuritansScotland = PresbyteriansHolland = Dutch ReformFrance = HuguenotsGermany = Reform Church
Religious 1) Churches flourished; 2) new denominations developed; 3) the RCC became more unified (Council of Trent); 4) Emphasis on educationSociety Status of women remained unchangedPolitical 1) Power of monarchs/states increased; 2) Rise of modern-nation states; 3) lays groundwork for the Enlightenment