THE SITE MUSEUM OF TUCUME - Peru in Farbe ... Patronato del Valle Las Piramides de Lambayeque Second

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  • THE SITE MUSEUM OF

    TUCUME

    PROYECTO ESPECIAL NAYLAMP - LAMBAYEQUE - PERÚ

    Visitors Guide

  • The Site Museum of Túcume: Visitors Guide

    Text: Alfredo Narvaez Vargas

    Photography: Alfredo Narvaez Vargas Bernarda Delgado Elias

    Traslation by: Carlos y Karen Fida (First edition) Danielle Howard (Augmented sections of the second edition)

    Design Sugehily Valdivieso Turkowsky

    Edition Rights: Patronato del Valle Las Piramides de Lambayeque

    Second edition, corrected and augmented Túcume, December 2007 Quantity, 2000 pamphlets (Spanish - English) Authorized by the National Library of Peru ISBN: 978-603-45148-0-5

    Patronato del Valle Las Piramides de Lambayeque Museo de Sitio Túcume Campifia San Antonio, 1 km al este del Pueblo de Túcume Tel.: (51) 074-612254 E-mail: museotucume@hotmai|.com www.museodesitiotucume.com

    President of the Patronato del Valle Las Pirémides de Lambayeque: Giorgio Battistini Foschi Director of the Site Museum of Túcume: Bernarda Delgado Elias

    THE PUBLICATION WAS MADE POSSIBLE THANKS TO THE CONVENIO ANDRÉS BELLO

    PROYECTO ESPECIAL NAYLAMP LAMBAYEQUE

    THE SITE MUSEUM OF

    TUCUME

    C ONV EN I O A N D R É S B E L L O

  • Introduction The Site Museum is a result of the scientific research works carried out by the Túcume Archeological Project from 1989 to 1994 through an Agreement between the Kon Tiki Museum in Oslo, Norway, and the Peruvian National Institute of Culture. This agreement came about thanks to Thor Heyerdahl, a Norwegian who has dedicated many years of his life to studying the cultures of Peru and famous for his transoceanic expeditions throughout the world and especially with the Kon Tiki, his raft which sailed from the Port of Callao toward Polynesia in 1946.

    The archeological project, under the direction of Alfredo Narvaez and Daniel Sandweiss, along with the leadership of Thor Heyerdahl, succeeded in obtaining interest by the Fondo de Promocion Turistica (FOPTUR) in building a Site Museum that contains the Archeological Project findings.

    The Museum construction was finalized in 1991, following a design suggested by the Túcume Archeological Project to Architect Jorge Cosmopolis Bullon, a native of Chiclayo and sensitive of traditional architecture. The construction is similar to the early colonial chapels which were built by native laborers, following a Prehispanic style. Well known as the ”ramadas”, these structures were built with native materials, such as cane, clay, adobe and wooden columns made of carob trees. Currently, natural lighting is used at the exhibition, and a windmill produces the water supply of the facilities.

    The Museum was awarded the „Hexagono de Plata” award by the Association of Architects of Peru in 1994, as well as an honorable mention during the Biennial of Architecture in Quito in 1995. On August 20, 1993, the exhibition was opened, and each year it celebrates its anniversary with a party and folklore show.

    THE SITE MUSEUM OF

    TÚCUME. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    N

    A CHICLAYO (33KM)

    A ILLIMO

    TÚCUME PANAMERICANA NORTE

    Huaca del ChiscoHuaca del

    Pueblo Sector TEPO

    Huaca Catalino

    Sector NANCOLÁN

    Huaca Larga

    Sector San Antonio

    CPM. La Raya

    Huaca las Balsas

    MUSEO DE SITIO

    TÚCUME

    Caserío Túcume Vejo

    CERRO PURGATORIO

    Huaca Pintada

    COMPLEJO ARQUEOLÓGICO TÚCUME 221.5 Ha.

    Área arqueologica intangible

    Via de acceso actual a) Museo

    Ruta de visita actual a) Directo a las pirámides b) Por el bosque seco

    Miradores turísticos

    Centro poblado

    Circuito en trabajo a) Huaca Larga

    b) Huaca Las Balsas

    c) Huaca I. 5

  • Site Museum Work

    The museum has a collection based on the materials from the excavations carried out by the Túcume Archeological Project in the Pyramids of Túcume. Therefore, it works to protect, preserve and conserve this legacy. Likewise, the museum has also developed a plan to protect and preserve the general archeology and cultural patrimony of the district of Túcume. One of the most important lines of additional interest is that of the oral rural traditions. With this strategy, the museum promotes and develops various activities in an attempt to involve the local people in conservation tasks and tourist development. Therefore, it provides educational activities through workshops directed to artisans, transportation providers, local guides, restaurants, educational centers and different organizations. It promotes the creation of small local businesses through small business loans.

    In this effort it has had the support of The European Union and Promperu, the British Embassy, local companies, local, regional and national development organizations and foreign cultural institutions. To provide continuity, the Museum has promoted the creation of an organization called the Association for the Conservation of the Patrimony and the Tourist Development of Túcume (from its acronym in Spanish ACODET).

    This institution is composed of the Municipality of Túcume, the Site Museum, the Government, the Tourism Club and local teachers. ACODET promotes a combined effort and is open to the participation of all people who share its objectives and goals in four areas: a) Research and Conservation, b) Education, c) Promotion, and d) Regulation of Tourist Services.

    The museum believes that the conservation of the archaeological and cultural patrimony in general is not only the task of experts, but of everyone. This should be a permanent, long-term effort with a solid educational basis.

    Finally, the conservation efforts should provide tangible benefits to the local communities, and the museum should be integrated in the programs of community development.

    Main Hall

    THE SITE MUSEUM OF

    TÚCUME. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    6

  • Lambayeque Culture

    The northern coast of Peru is an arid territory bordered on the east by the first spurs of the western mountain range of the Andes. The coastal deserts are formed by dry rivers, which become active during the summer months during the rainy season of the highlands. Towards the west, the rich and varied sea, has always been one of the most important resources, as well as a source of myths and religious traditions.

    The Lambayeque culture developed on the north coast of Peru between the valleys of Chicama and Piura. The area of Lambayeque was its most important center. The beginnings of its development occurred around 700 years A.D. following the collapse of the Moche culture (100 B.C. to 700 A.D.) During those years, cultures such as the Wari from Ayacucho, which expanded its dominion from Pachacamac in Lima to the north, as well as the regional cultures of Cajamarca and Moche, influenced the development of a new northern tradition that is now known as Lambayeque.

    The Lambayeque culture continued its development until the successive arrivals of the Chimú conquerors in 1375, the Incas in 1470 and finally the Spaniards from 1532 on. During its 700 years of development, the Lambayeque culture had an initial period that endured until 1100 A.D. when there were devastating torrential rains. Batán Grande, the most important center in this period, was abandoned and set on fire. The second period of local development continued until the Chimú conquest, followed by the Inca conquest, and finally the Spanish conquest. Túcume began its development around the year 1000, and it became, with the abandonment of Batán Grande, the most important elite urban center of the region. For that reason, it is considered the last great capital of the Lambayeque Kingdom.

    This development produced large urban centers, characterized by large pyramid shaped buildings, such as Chotuna, Batán Grande and Túcume, where an elite group managed a complex administrative system of the vast natural resources

    *Classic vase of the Lambayeque culture. It represents the bird deity with facial decorations, winged eyes and ears; crown and breastplate.

    It is generally accompanied by animals, temples or men. These vessels, mainly black, are found from the first years of the

    Lambayeque culture until the colonial period. Some researchers believe that it represents Naymlap or ÑAM LA (sea bird), who was

    the most important deity of this culture.

    (especially of land and water) as well as the human resources inside its area of influence. The economy focused on agriculture, based on the largest irrigation system of the whole Peruvian coast. This extensive agriculture had a severe impact on the ecology, since the forests of carob trees were replaced by large extensions of cultivated lands.

    Sailing and fishing were essential for a population linked to the sea from its mythical origins. These experienced seamen established maritime contacts and commercial relationships in distant areas such as Ecuador, Colombia and probably Central America. Likewise, the northern regional contacts included the highlands, as well as the mountain and lowland rainforest.

    One of the best known industries was the metalwork done with gold, silver, copper and precious stones. The ”tumis”, or ceremonial scepters, funeral masks, vases and jewelry in general stand out as the most important, and often depict the effigy of the bird god and its sea environment. The