Changes to the work environmentOver the past 30 40 years the way that people work has changed.Most people used to work traditional 9-5 hours 5 days a weekNowadays there are far more flexible working patterns in place to fit in with modern lifestyles.
Reasons for changesChanges in societyMore women returning to work after having childrenMore people setting up their own businessMore people choosing to work part timeIntroduction of IT allows people to work away from the office
Flexible working patternsFull time people working around a 37-40 hour week.Part Time any job which has less than 37 hours a week allows people to fit in other activities such as family or studyingFlexitime employees can choose when they work as long as they work their contracted hours. There will be core hours when all employees must be at work eg 10 am-12 noon and 2 pm -4 pm. If more than contracted hours worked in a week then staff can build up these hours for a day off (flexi-day).
Flexible working patterns contJob Share when 2 people share one job splitting the hours between them. The hours can be split to suit the individuals doing the job. It is important that they keep in touch so that each knows what the other is doing.Home working employees are able to complete work from home saves time on travelling and allows them to fit the job in with their lifestyleTeleworking employees are able to work away from the office they can stay in touch via technology eg email, mobile phone, webcams
Flexible working patterns contHot desking if there are many employees working away from the office there is no need to have a desk for each person. There will be desks available to book for staff members (who usually work away) to make use of if necessary. There will usually be a phone and a PC to enable staff to access their work.Touchdown areas similar to hot desking but they do not need to be booked employee may just need to pop in to send an email it may just be a seating area with wi-fi connection.Career breaks some organisations offer career breaks eg women having time out to have a family. The length of the break varies from one organisation to another.Non-paid leave an employee may be allowed to take a certain amount of time off but will not receive any pay.
Benefits of flexible working patterns - employeesHappier workforce as they have more freedom and a degree of choice in when to workImproves their work-life balance enables them to enjoy family life etcReduces stress levelsPeople who may not usually be able to work can do so easily eg people with disabilities can work from homeLess travelling for employees
Benefits of flexible working patterns - employersHappy work force produces better quality goods or servicesEmployees more likely to stay with a company if they are happy so reduces cost of recruiting and training staffLess absenteeism and staff can make appointments outside working hours due to flexitimeLess office space is needed so saves on rent etcCan attract best employees to the organisation
Contract of EmploymentThe Employment Rights Act 1996 requires that each employee should be given a contract with the company for more than one month. The contract should include:The name and address of the employer and employeeThe job title The start date Hours of workPay details the amount and the date of paymentHoliday entitlementSickness benefitsPension detailsGrievance/disciplinary proceduresAmount of notice to be given if employee decides to leave
Types of contract
Temporary there is no definite end date for the job may be useful for to give an employee a trial period and if they are any good they may be made permanent. May be useful to use this contract to employ people for only busy times in the company.Permanent has no end date and is a secure job it will last until the employee decides to leave or until the organisation makes them redundantFixed term has a definite start and finish date often used for a specific project and until that project is finishedFull time full time contract in the UK is 37.5 hours Part time is an employee working less than the full time 37.5 hours