Theres more to it than speaking - Learner Independence through reading the language... Dr Lynn Erler Oxford University Department of Education lynn.erler@education.ox.ac.uk

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Slide 2 Theres more to it than speaking - Learner Independence through reading the language... Dr Lynn Erler Oxford University Department of Education lynn.erler@education.ox.ac.uk Slide 3 [seeking a pedagogy for reading within the CLT classroom]: Whats going on in your head when youre reading French? We dont read French. Its all muddled. Its not like what weve been saying in lesson. It doesn t look like what Miss tells us. Slide 4 What they are saying what they know! READING DECODING SPEAKING HEARING, LISTENING WRITING Slide 5 4 When reading a word you might not know in French, do you: yes no sometimes a. skip the word . b. try to sound out the word . c. go back to the word when you think you might have an idea about its meaning .. d. go back to a word and double-check that it makes sense . e. look at the word and guess what it means from familiar bits in it f. guess the word from the pictures which are near it .. g. invent a meaning .. h. ask a friend .. i. ask the teacher .. j. wait and see if the teacher says what it means k. look up the word in the dictionary or glossary... l. guess the meaning from words around it............ m. Something else? If so, what? _______________________________ Slide 6 When you see a French text of several sentences or a paragraph, do you: yes no sometimes a. wait for the teacher to explain. b. skip it . c. try to sound out each word d. go back to a word or section and double-check that it makes sense . e. scan for words that look familiar, and try to guess the meaning of the text from them .. f. scan for words that look like English and try to guess meaning of the text from them . g. guess from the pictures what it is all about h. invent a meaning .. i. ask a friend what it means . j. ask the teacher what it means .. k. wait and see if the teacher says what it means l. look up many words in the dictionary or glossary.. m. guess the meaning from words around it.............. n. Something else? If so, what? ________________________________ Slide 7 359 Year 7s happy; not bothered puzzled, worried, angry, embarrassed reading aloud in French?45.3% 48.4% pronouncing French aloud?46.6% 48.0% How do you feel when: Results of the pen and paper rhyme tests: jour........ heure (silent decoding) pot.......... beaux (1) 70% could not successfully identify more than a third of rhyming words correctly N = 359 (2) mean result = 50%; only 3% achieved better than chance results N = 1,735 Sounding out Slide 8 Sounds of word - heard or said Printed word MEANING GPC Orthography Phonology Context and schemata knowledge Slide 9 Printed word Sounds of word (based on Seidenberg & McClelland 1989) Teaching and learning words and phrases in the Foreign Language Classroom in England learners EL1 pre-literacy approaches, grain size, sequence changes, consonants vs vowels flexibility in phoneme manipulation, general mistrust of GPC consistency due to opaqueness of English slippery issues of feedforward G to P transparency of French (cf English) and feedback opaqueness P to G of French. From: Ehri, Goswami, Ziegler L1 & L2 GPC Slide 10 Assorted Vowels, silent letters, nasals The sounds and spellings in French L.Erler 2010 Slide 11 Une chanson a comme quatre chats comme mes friss i comme oui Mimi u comme Lulu o comme beau dodo ou comme tous les jours e comme le cheveu comme ma mre et oi comme moi L.Erler 2010 Slide 12 a a Rounded lips, mouth quite open, tongue flat L.Erler 2010 Slide 13 tata chat ge mama quatre cahiercahier ami lala L.Erler 2010 a a Slide 14 Papa va la gare. a a L.Erler 2010 Slide 15 o au eau very round mouth and a little open tongue hangs in mid air L.Erler 2010 Slide 16 dodo dodo beau au faux chocolatcrocodile pianissimo hpitalhpital L.Erler 2010 o au eau Slide 17 Toto saute dans leau. o au eau L.Erler 2010 Slide 18 es, er, ez, et, ai mouth hardly open, tongue quite high at back L.Erler 2010 Slide 19 ferm lesles sesses coutez fris jai tt mesmes L.Erler 20 Slide 20 sixsix LilyLily litlit oui midimidi MimiMimi ville livreJhabite L.Erler 20 iyiy Slide 21 tutu ruerue menumenu salutsalut LuluLulu une judojudo supersuper L.Erler 2010 u Slide 22 e eu, eur The sound of uhh with the mouth slightly open, lips a bit forward Its called a schwa. L.Erler 2010 Slide 23 Je veux jouer le jeu deux heures. e eu, eur L.Erler 2010 Slide 24 mre faire pre frre anniversaire paire lair L.Erler 2010 Slide 25 Une chanson a comme quatre chats comme mes friss i comme oui Mimi u comme Lulu o comme beau dodo ou comme tous les jours e comme le cheveu comme ma mre et oi comme moi L.Erler 2010 Slide 26 Ma tortue ne marche pas vite. Elle aime manger de la salade. Elle est contente mais tourjours trs lente! L.Erler 2010 Slide 27 Voici un bon lapin blanc! un on in an L.Erler 2010 Slide 28 Scottish Curriculum for Excellence! READING decoding SPEAKING HEARING, LISTENING WRITING Coherence for teacher and learner across the learning Reflecting individual variables and variance Can be enjoyed collaboratively Is intensely personal Creates LEARNER INDEPENDENCE Cross-curricular links to English and to wider reading Creates a basis for progress and personal experience Slide 29 Thank You! Words and Sounds Supporting language learning through phonics Lynn Erler & Julie Prince ISBN 978 1 904 243 92 2 CILT 2010 lynn.erler@education.ox.ac.uk