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The following videotape programs are available from Glencoe as supplements to Chapter 2:
Cleopatra: Destinys Queen (ISBN 1-56501-4545) The Great Pharaohs of Egypt
(ISBN 0-7670-02733) King Tut (Volumes 1 and 2) (ISBN 1-56501-2364) Great Pyramids of Giza and Other Pyramids
Tomb of the Gods: The Great Pyramid(ISBN 0-7670-0081-1)
To order, call Glencoe at 18003347344. To findclassroom resources to accompany many of thesevideos, check the following home pages:A&E Television: www.aande.comThe History Channel: www.historychannel.com
TEACHING TRANSPARENCIESTEACHING TRANSPARENCIESChapter Transparency 2 L2
Graphic Organizer StudentActivity 2 Transparency L2
What I Know What I Wantto Find Out What I LearnedHow Can ILearn More
Graphic Organizer 2:K-W-L-H ChartCHAPTER TRANSPARENCY 2
Western Asia and Egypt (3500500 B.C.)
Map OverlayTransparency 2 L2
0 200 km
Beginning of New Kingdom
End of Middle Kingdom
Beginning of Middle Kingdom
End of Old Kingdom
Beginning of Old Kingdom
Narmer unites two kingdoms. Capital established at Memphis
Egypt divided into upper and lower kingdoms
Nomadic hunter-gatherers settle in Nile Valley
Map Overlay Transparency 2
Enrichment Activity 2 L3
by The M
Name Date Class
Enrichment Activity 2
deposited rich silt on the land, making itgood farmland.
The Seasons of the Nile
DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions below in the space provided.
1. What is the main idea of the selection? _____________________________________________
2. From what you have read about Egyptian civilization, how necessary was an abundantlabor force to prepare the fields for planting? _______________________________________
3. Why do you think kings derived their power from their ability to predict the flood?
4. Why do you think land closer to the river was more valuable? ________________________
5. From what you have read about Egyptian religion, briefly describe the role water ingeneral, and the Nile in particular, might have played in the religion of ancient Egypt.
Ancient civilizations developed nearrivers. When the rivers flooded, they
The behavior of the Nile determined the seasons for farmers in ancient Egypt. Therewere really three seasons: inundation, receding waters, and drought. Inundationwas the period during which the Nile flooded. Afterwards, the flood waters receded,withdrawing from the fields. Farmers plowed the land and planted their crops duringthis time. Drought was the dry period, when farmers harvested their crops.
Knowing in advance how much the Nile would flood was an important role of govern-ment, and much of the kings power came from their ability to accurately predict the extentof the floods. Good flooding meant abundant harvests; a low flood could mean famine. AsEgyptian civilization progressed, it became possible to move farther upstream to measurethe source of flooding and get earlier information on the extent of the years flood.
Egyptian farmers devised a series of dams, levees, and canals to control the floodingriver. They built levees around villages to keep water out. They constructed earthen dams infields after the flood to keep water in long enough to enrich the soil. They dug canals andthen punctured the dams to allow water to flow into fields as needed. As a final method ofirrigation, they carried water by hand to distant fields not reached by the floods.
The value of landhow heavily it was taxedwas determined by its proximity to theriver. Lowland fields that flooded naturally were the most prized. Those farther inlandthat needed to be flooded through irrigation were taxed at a lower rate.
Primary Source Reading 2 L2
Name Date Class
Finding Tutankhamens Tomb
Popular interest in ancient Egypt soared with the discovery in 1922 ofthe sealed tomb of the young ruler Tutankhamen. Though King Tutwas actually a minor figure in history, the discovery influenced fashion,jewelry, home decoration, and even popular music. Sensational newspaperswarned of a curse on those who had opened the tomb.
Well hidden in the rocks of the Valley of the Kings, near Thebes,Tutankhamens tomb was unusual because it was almost untouched by van-dals or grave robbers. Magnificent works of art and useful objects, rich withgold and gems, were found with the young pharaoh. Veteran British archaeol-ogist Howard Carter had spent more than ten years searching for the tomb ofTutankhamen. The find was a last-chance triumph, for Carters sponsor, LordCarnarvon, was ready to abandon the project.
This reading is from Carters own story of what he saw when he firstopened Tutankhamens tomb. At this point, workers at the dig had spentweeks clearing out blocked-up stairways and passages cut into the rock cliffswhere royal tombs were placed.
Guided Reading In this selection, read to learn what Carter discovered in Tutankhamens tomb.
The day following (November 26th) was theday of days, the most wonderful that I have everlived through. . . . Throughout the morning thework of clearing continued, slowly . . . onaccount of the delicate objects that were mixedwith the filling [in the passageway]. Then, in themiddle of the afternoon, 30 feet down from theouter door, we came upon a second sealeddoorway . . . behind it was the answer to thequestion.
. . . With trembling hands I made a tinybreach in the upper left hand corner [of thedoor]. Darkness and blank space, as far as aniron testing-rod could reach, showed that what-ever lay beyond was empty. . . . Widening thehole a little, I inserted the candle and peeredin. . . . At first I could see nothing, the hot airescaping from the chamber causing the candleflame to flicker, but presently, as my eyes grewaccustomed to the light, details of the roomwithin emerged slowly from the mist, strangeanimals, statues, and goldeverywhere theglint of gold.
For the momentan eternity it must haveseemed to the others standing byI was struckdumb with amazement. When Lord Carnarvon,unable to stand the suspense any longer,
inquired anxiously, Can you see anything?, itwas all I could do to get out the words, Yes,wonderful things! Then widening the hole a lit-tle further, so that we both could see, we insert-ed an electric torch [flashlight]. . . .
Gradually the scene grew clearer, and wecould pick out individual objects. First, rightopposite to us . . . were three great gilt couches,their sides carved in the form of monstrous ani-mals [leopards] . . . with heads of startling real-ism. . . . Next, on the right, two statues caughtand held our attention: two life-sized figures of aking in black, facing each other like sentinels,gold kilted, gold sandalled. . . .
These were the dominant objects that caughtthe eye at first. Between them, around them,piled on top of them, there were countless oth-ersexquisitely painted and inlaid caskets[boxes with lids]; alabaster vases, some beauti-fully carved . . . ; strange black shrines, from theopen door of one a great gilt snake peeping out;bouquets of flowers or leaves; beds; chairs beau-tifully carved; a golden inlaid throne; . . . on theleft a confused pile of overturned chariots, glis-tening with gold and inlay; and peeping frombehind them another portrait of a king.
. . . Presently it dawned upon our
P R I M A R Y S O U R C E R E A D I N G 2
APPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTAPPLICATION AND ENRICHMENTHistory SimulationActivity 2 L1
Introduction by host (30 seconds):
Ideas of topics to be discussed in talk (34 minutes):
Questions from host or audience (1 minute):
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Talking HeadsPlanning Worksheet
Select one of these pairs for your talk show.
Phoenician alphabet inventor and Ashurbanipal Moses and Zoroaster
Egyptian merchant and Persian road engineer Nebuchadnezzar and Solomon
Phoenician sailor and Chaldean stargazer
Actors Props Master Audience memberswith questions
Host Director Publicity
Name Date Class
2H I S T O R YS I M U L A T I O NAC T I V I T Y
Historical SignificanceActivity 2 L2
Name Date Class
Hammurabis code was a great innova-tion of Mesopotamian civilization. The codeprovid