Today's World Today's Personalities 23/Philadelphia PA Inquir¢  Today's World Ivan H. Peterman THERE

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  • THE PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER, THURSDAY MORNING. JULY 15, 1954 d e f g h * * 3

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    Today's World Ivan H. Peterman

    THERE is a disposition among certain low-pressure patriots of the writing fraternity to sniff and besmirch, and over-emphasize with pious reference to civil rights, whenever an anti-Communist makes a slip, or treads beyond the docu- mented fact. This overload of indignation is the more notice- able, because monumental as are the Communist lies, distor- tions, double-crossings, aggressions, and tortures, their com- ment then, if any, is most restrained and brief.

    The curious case of Paul Crouch is of current note; he has been "waffled" by the Leftwing lads of all category—press, radio, even cartoons. They did the same on Whittaker Cham- bers, Louis F. Budenz, Elizabeth Bentley, many others who, having repented, turned in a job for God and country.

    • * * Going beyond the personality, the Lettish critics are also

    quite shy when comes a denouement like Guatemala's, where the phony "Democratic front" is revealed as made entirely on Moscow model, with the additional come-uppance that their sponsors sent them duds and throw-away weapons, in return for good money. Precisely the dirty deal Russia gave Loyalist Spain, draining off Madrid's entire gold reserve for inadequate arms, and an overload of commissars and Red propagandists. One could feel sorry for the victims, if they weren't so brazenly unrepentant.

    • • • ' And yet one requires a clipping bureau's services to obtain

    from the Left even a eemblance of admission that things weren't as they'd been representing, in Guatemala.

    Just now there is a strange hush while Secretary of State Dulles, who changed his mind as did Congress on that "No EDC, no Aid," resolve, is huddling with Premier Mendes-France. Is this the beginning of a new recognition "gimmick," by which some form of U. S. acceptance is wangled for Peiping's cut- throats? One suspects Mendes-France, a sly operator, has been told by Molotov and Chou En-lai, two slightly slyer ones, that he must get Dulles to Geneva, or else. Has the French premier anything else with which to bargain?

    • * i *

    Meanwhile, amid yips about "isolationism," "go-it-alone," and other fright slogans, the United States wavers on the verge of more concessions to weakness. Never in the world's history did a leading nation having every tool it requires for self- mastery rely on a worse and more abject lot of non-fighting, high-costing, wishy-washy allies. That, if you want the truth, is the consensus of some of our best fighting men, who are as sick of the dance as are you.

    • • •

    That brings us to another ex-Communist and his testimony, this one no professional informer, however. He is Dr. Marek S. Korowicz, until last September a member of Poland's U.N. dele- gation. Said he on Sept. 24, 1953, after chucking Communism over the side, before the 83d Congress' Committee on Un- American Activities:

    "The Polish delegation to United Nations is nothing but an extension of the Russian delegation. It is an absolute fiction that there is any independence whatsoever . . ."

    Question: Mr. Scherer: "The same condition would exist If Red China were admitted to the United Nations, would it n o f "

    Dr. Korowicz: "It is stressed in thousands upon thousands of articles and speeches in Poland in the past years, by Polish statesmen and politicians, that the first effect of the admission to U.N. of Communist China would be in the Security Council, which is the most important part of United Nations . . . where the Soviet representative would no longer be isolated in what is considered the most important Soviet propaganda platform in the world."

    James P. Mitchell U. S. Secretary of Labor

    (Guest columnist for Victor Riesel, who is on his way to Europe)

    THE civilian labor force in the United States was 64.425,000 last month. At that time, 61.119.000 were employed and 3.305,000 were unemployed. Of those employed, 54,297,000 were in non-agricultural

    work and 6,822,000 had jobs on farms. About 31 percent of the civilian workers are women. There are approximately 17,000,000 members of labor unions.

    What helps the 64,000,000 workers and their families gen- erally helps the whole country. People who work have interests as workers. They also have interests as members of their cities or towns, political parties, fraternal organizations, civic bodies and religious groups, and as members of the consuming public.

    • * •

    It is often hard to tell which of these many, and some- times conflicting, interests control their actions in any specific case. One thing is certain, however—the basic purpose of most human action is to get food, shelter, clothing and some luxuries for themselves and their families.

    President Eisenhower is very much interested in the welfare of all the working people of our country and their families. That is why he has such a fine program to help all our people. It is sound, fair and realistic. It deserves everybody's support be- cause it is designed to meet the needs of all of our people.

    » • » •

    Several parts of the President's program are of special in- terest and aid to working people:

    President Eisenhower recommended extending the Old Age and Survivors" Insurance program to 10,000.000 more persons and increasing its benefits. An act to do this already passed the House of Representatives.

    The President asked Congress to pass a new housing pro- gram which would make homes easier for low-income families to get and would help clear up slums. The Senate has already passed a good housing act.

    At the President's request. Congress is now working on im- proving the unemployment insurance system. President Eisen- hower is asking that 6,000,000 more American workers be able to get unemployment insurance payments if they are out of work through no fault of their own.

    • • • At the suggestion of the President, I wrote to the Governors

    of the States, urging them to increase the duration and amounts of benefits under their unemployment insurance program. Some State action has already been taken on this request. It is hoped that when most State legislatures meet next spring, more action will be taken.

    To meet the health needs of our people, President Eisen- hower recommends providing Government reinsurance to help private and nonproht insurance companies give broader pre- paid medical and hospital care on a voluntary basis to many more people,

    • • • In addition, this Administration has done much to promote

    the well-being of minority groups. The President's Committee on Government Contracts has

    promoted employment opportunities on Government work for members of minority groups.

    In cooperation with the Committee, the Board of Commis- sioners of the District of Columbia has written into contracts led by the District Government clauses prohibiting discrim-j ^ O l A P ^ E ^ ination. v v L L n i %JL.SJ

    Today's Personalities

    CONFESSES William Wolf, J r . 21 ( left) , who has admitted slaying of Anthony C. Lankford, 29, an insurance executive, is arraigned before Magistrate James A. Kline in Hamil- ton township, N. J., outside Trenton. Next to him is De- tective William Ryan. Below: Detectives examine sofa chair in which Lankford was found dead in his apar t - ment on an estate near Yardley, Bucks county. At bot- tom is a photo of the victim. Story on Page 1.

    HOLDUP John L. Michel, of 1174 Jericho rd., Abington township, appears at Ab- ington police headquarters after firing a shot and helping to rout two gunmen who tried to rob the Abington Bank and Trust Co. of which he is president. One suspect has been captured. Story on Page 1.

    WHERE THE VICTIM WAS FOUND

    There are other ways in which President Eisenhower's: Administration has- assisted in promotion of the general wel- fare:

    For example, there has been during 1954 a very high degree of industrial peace. The number of work stoppages, workers in- volved in them, man-days of idleness, and the percent of esti- mated working time lost by work stoppages were all lower dur- j ing the first four months of 1954 than during any corresponding period since the Second World War.

    • » * * *

    Both President Eisenhower and I believe that industrial! relations matters are best handled if Government intervention is held to a minimum.

    This has encouraged the parties to settle their own prob- lems.

    Czechoslovakia Special to The Inquirer and the Chicago Daily News Service

    B ELIEVE it or not there's one place where Soviet satellite workers—women at that—can get what they want from the government. That's in Czechoslovakia's Skoda factory at Pilsen, central

    Europe's most important armaments plant. • • •

    According to an eyewitness, just-arrived in Paris, who him- self worked in the Skoda factories at the time, months of poor food conditions, particularly lack of meat and fats, finally got the women worked up to the point of rebellion.

    On May 22, after "months" without enough meat to "feed our families," they staged a demonstration. They silently paraded the streets, at first. Then, they barricaded themselves in a Stalin Square drag store. From there they shouted demands for meat, butter and oil from the town authorities.

    • • • In Prague the news of unrest in Pilsen was taken so se-

    riously that Vice President of the Council, Dolansky, decided to take a party of economic experts to Pilsen to investigate.

    He e