Topics Early Social and Play Skills Joint Attention Teaching Social Skills Development of Toy Play Play with Peers Closing Thoughts

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Slide 2 Topics Early Social and Play Skills Joint Attention Teaching Social Skills Development of Toy Play Play with Peers Closing Thoughts Slide 3 Early Social and Play Skills Slide 4 A Child Should Be Able to: Be in close proximity to others Engage (longer and longer) Take turns Imitate actions and sounds Demonstrate joint attention Develop appropriate play And, most importantly, experience the joy of being with others! Slide 5 What Do We Often See with Young Children with ASD? In their own world Repetitive behavior, including repetitive play Use of motor skills to interact with people rather than gaze or verbal communication Slide 6 Assessing Early Social Skills How does he interact with his family and his environment? What works? How does he get his needs met? What motivates him? What activities/routines are difficult for him? For his family/caregivers? Slide 7 Activity Go to the Profile and complete Social and Play Skills - Question 1 1. Describe this childs social and play skill challenges, strengths, and needs. Slide 8 Joint Attention Slide 9 When two people: Share interest in an object or event AND Understand that they are both interested in the same object or event Joint Attention Slide 10 Responding Initiating Slide 11 Strategies to Encourage Joint Attention Focus on: Play and turn-taking Looking at faces and giving some eye contact Pointing Slide 12 Strategies to Encourage Joint Attention Be at the childs eye level Stand in the childs line of sight Hold objects up to your face just before giving them to the child Use an animated voice and exaggerated expressions Slide 13 Let child wear sunglasses or a visor Try lace Try different positions Try different distances Look in the mirror together Strategies to Encourage Joint Attention Slide 14 Shape the childs finger into a point and have him touch a toy or picture Point to/touch things you are talking about Move your finger from the childs face to the object and say look Tie a ribbon around your pointing finger - or wear a false fingernail - to draw attention to it Slide 15 Strategies to Encourage Joint Attention Point using a flashlight in a dark room Point using a foam sword Point to objects in the store as you shop together Offer choices and help him point to the one he wants Slide 16 Teaching Social Skills Slide 17 What We Know Young children: -May benefit from less structured and more naturalistic approaches than what might be used with older children with autism -Learn most easily through play and interaction with the adults who are most important in their lives Young Exceptional Children, Volume 9, Number 3 Slide 18 We Focus on PLAY! Play offers the most natural and the most frequent opportunities for young children to learn and engage. Slide 19 Things to Remember When You Play Play more than talk When talking, try to just comment Be animated and enthusiastic, without overwhelming the child Have fun! Slide 20 4 Steps for Teaching Social Skills Slide 21 Step One: Observe and Match Observe the child What does he spend his time doing? What are his passions? Then: do what he is doing match his behavior. Slide 22 Step Two: Join In Join the childs play by adding to it! Slide 23 Step Three: Take Turns Do something and then wait Interpret the smallest of behaviors as a turn be a careful observer Dont focus on what the child may be doing wrong Take the same number of turns as the child Slide 24 Suppose He Wont Take a Turn? Give a signal of some kind, like pointing or making a sound Give a gentle prompt, to help him take his turn Immediately reward him when he takes his turn Slide 25 Step Four: Develop Routines Remember, routines Have steps Have steps that are always in the same order Are repeated again and again And each person has a role to play Slide 26 Developing Routines Use turn-taking to develop the routine Name the routine Practice the routine throughout the day Slide 27 Development of Toy Play Slide 28 Open-ended Play Purpose is not clear Can be used in a variety of ways No clear ending or completion Slide 29 Close-Ended Play: Clear purpose Fixed sequence or order Clear ending Slide 30 Complexity of Toy Play Exploratory Combinational Cause and effect Functional Simple pretend Slide 31 Easiest Toy Play Activities Close-ended Include limited toys / materials Involve one partner to support play Have separate toys / materials for each Require no sharing, turn-taking or waiting Require no listening or language Slide 32 Slide 33 Keys to Developing Toy Play: Imitation Have two sets of toys, if possible Remember to start by imitating the child Start with imitating simple actions with toys Use gentle prompting, if needed, to ensure success Reinforce Slide 34 Keys to Developing Toy Play: Define the Play Space Consider: Physical boundaries Limiting distractions Limit available toys and activities Have a predictable play routine Slide 35 Teaching Social Communication to Children with Autism: A Practitioner's Guide to Parent Training and A Manual for Parents (2 book set) Brooke Ingersoll, Ph.D., and Anna Dvortcsak, CCC/SLP Slide 36 Play with Peers Slide 37 Signs a Child May Be Ready: Has mastered play with some different kinds of toys Is developing imitation skills Can take turns Is staying longer in interactions with adults Slide 38 Strategies for Play with Peers Start with one friend at a time Choose someone a little older Start with one friend playing in the same room but not with the same toys Then have two sets of the same toys for side-by-side play Then have one set of toys to share Slide 39 Can I Play? Slide 40 Activity Go to the Profile and complete Social and Play Skills - Questions 2 and 3. 2. Select a few social and/or play skills from the list above in question 1 that are priorities for this child in the next year. 3. Look at the skills you just prioritized and list every day activities and settings where you could practice those skills. Slide 41 Key Strategies to Develop Social & Play Skills Use language just above the childs level of communication Ensure your play/interactions match the childs ability or are just above Wait for him to respond Move ahead slowly Have him stay in the interaction just a little longer Slide 42 Activity Go to the Child Profile and complete Social and Play Skills - Question 4. 4. Review the strategies that you discussed during todays training and the social and/or play skill priorities that you identified above in question 3. Below list the skills on the left and a strategy or strategies you will use to teach those skills. Slide 43 Closing Thoughts Slide 44 When You Are Successful, the Child Will Voluntarily interact and play with you Initiate play with you James MacDonald Slide 45 When You Are Successful, the Child Will Stay in interactions with you for longer periods of time Increase his number of turns James MacDonald Slide 46 When You Are Successful, the Child Will Imitate you Prefer to be with you instead of being alone James MacDonald Slide 47 When You Are Successful, the Child Will Have play that is changing and developing Show his pleasure and enjoyment in spending time with you!! James MacDonald