Tourism in Japan

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Text of Tourism in Japan

SVEUILITE U RIJECI

FAKULTET ZA MENADMENT U TURIZMU I UGOSTITELJSTVU

TOURISM IN JAPAN

(Written paper)

Studij: Sveuilini redovni

Opatija, november 2012.

SVEUILITE U RIJECI

FAKULTET ZA MENADMENT U TURIZMU I UGOSTITELJSTVU

TOURISM IN JAPAN

(Written paper)

Subject:

International tourism

Opatija, november 2012.

CONTENTINTRODUCTION 1. JAPAN

1.1. Population

1.2. Birth of Modern Japan

1.3. History of tourism

1.4. Tourism today2. TOURIST FACILITIES

2.1. Castels

2.2. Historic towns

2.3. Shrines and tamples

2.4. Museums

2.5. Industrial tourism

2.6. Transport

2.7. Cultural activities

2.8. Accomodation3. TOURISM AFTER FUKUSHIMA DISASTER4. CONCLUSON5. LITERATURE

INTRODUCTIONZa turizam se sa sigurnou moe rei da je u prolom vijeku poprimio globalne dimenzije jer osnovnu karakteristiku turistikog trita predstavlja masovnost odnosno relativno veliki broj ljudi u meunarodnim i domaim turistikim putovanjima. Procjene nekih eksperta ukazuju da se u turistika kretanja danas ukljuuje skoro 70% ljudi u svijetu, posjeujui skoro sve dijelove sveta, ak i one koji su nekada bili nepristupani. Nesporno je da je turizam faktor rasta svjetske privrede, ali i najvea izvozna industrija svijeta

Tourism in Japan is enjoying a steady increase of overseas visitors, according to statistics provided by the Japan Tourism Marketing Company. While its capital, Tokyo, draws the majority of business travelers, Japan's diversity of historic sites, monuments and shrines -- coupled with the beauty of its natural landscapes -- attracts many first-time tourists to outlying cities that are easily accessed by an expansive railway system

In this written paper we discuss about tourism in Japan. Cilj rada je prije svega definirati i objasniti nastanak turizma u Japanu, a zatim prikazati njegovu turistiku ponudu. Ovaj rad e biti primjer kako jedna ekonomski razvijena drava koja ime brojne turistike resurse koristi to i dalje za dobrobit i razvoj svoje cjelokupne ekonomije.1. JAPANJapan is situated in northeastern Asia between the North Pacific and the Sea of Japan. The area of Japan is 377,873 square kilometers, nearly equivalent to Germany and Switzerland combined or slightly smaller than California. Japan consists of four major islands, surrounded by more than 4,000 smaller islands. Shown below are the four major islands, their locations and sizes.Hokkaido (northern island)83,000 square kilometers

Honshu (main island)231,000 square kilometers

Shikoku (smallest island)19,000 square kilometers

Kyushu (southern island) 42,000 square kilometers

Japan's topographical features include coastlines with varied scenery, towering mountains, which are very often volcanic and twisted valleys that invite visitors into the mysterious world of nature.

There is only one official language spoken in Japan, which is of course Japanese. However, many Japanese are able to understand English to a certain extent since English is the foreign language that everyone must learn as part of compulsory education.1.1. Population

Japan's population is over 126 million. Most Japanese reside in densely populated urban areas. Japan's capital city is Tokyo. The population of the Tokyo Metropolitan Area including the city, some of its suburbs and the surrounding area is approximately 12 million.

Major cities of Japan and their approximate populations

CityPopulation

Tokyo 12,059,000

Yokohama 3,426,000

Osaka2,598,000

Nagoya2,171,000

Sapporo1,822,000

Kobe1,493,000

Fukuoka1,290,000

Sendai1,008,000

1.2. Birth of Modern Japan

In 1868, Emperor Meiji moved his government from Kyoto to Tokyo and set Japan on a course of modernization that would transform it from a feudal society to an industrialized nation in the course of only a few decades. Western culture and influence flowed into Japan at a rapid tempo, including Western dress, food, architecture, industry, and more. Following World War II, Japan adopted a democratic constitution that, among other things, stipulated that sovereign power resided with the people, denounced war, and guaranteed human rights as eternal and inviolable. In 1964, Tokyo hosted the Summer Olympic Games, broadcasting to the world that Japan was indeed a modern, industrialized nation.

1.3. History of TourismThe origins of early traditions of visits to picturesque sites are unclear, but early sight-seeing excursions was Matsuo Basho's 1689 trip to the then "far north" of Japan, which occurred not long after Hayashi Razan categorized the Three Views of Japan in 1643. During the feudal era of Japan, from around 1600 to the Meiji Restoration in 1867, travel was regulated within the country through the use of shukuba or post stations, towns in which travelers had to present appropriate documentation. Despite these restrictions, porter stations and horse stables, as well as places for lodging and food were available on well-traveled routes.

During this time, Japan was a closed country to foreigners, so no foreign tourism existed in Japan. Following the Meiji Restoration and the building of a national railroad network across Japan, tourism became more of an affordable prospect for domestic citizens and visitors from foreign countries could enter Japan legally. As early as 1887, government officials recognized the need for an organized system of attracting foreign tourists; the Kihinkai (?), which aimed to coordinate the various players in tourism, was established that year with Prime Minister Ito Hirobumi's blessing. Its early leaders included Shibusawa Eiichi and Ekida Takashi. Another major milestone in the development of the tourism industry in Japan was the 1907 passage of the Hotel Development Law, as a result of which the Railways Ministry began to construct publicly-owned hotels all throughout Japan. 1.4. Tourism TodayDomestic tourism remains a vital part of the Japanese economy and Japanese culture. School children in many middle schools see the highlight of their years as a visit to Tokyo Disneyland or perhaps Tokyo Tower. High school students visit Okinawa or Hokkaid. The extensive rail network together with domestic flights sometimes in planes with modifications to favor the relatively short distances involved in intra-Japan travel allows efficient and speedy transport. In inbound tourism, Japan was ranked 28th in the world in 2007.[5] In 2009, the Yomiuri Shimbun published a modern list of famous sights under the name Heisei Hyakkei (the Hundred Views of the Heisei period).

Neighbouring South Korea is Japan's most important source of foreign tourists, with arrivals of 2.4 million in 2010 which made up 27% of total number of tourists visited Japan

Tourism in Japan attracted 8.3 million foreign visitors in 2008, slightly more than Singapore and Ireland.[1] Japan has 16 World Heritage Sites, including Himeji Castle and Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto. Kyoto receives over 30 million tourists annually.[2] Foreigners also visit Tokyo and Nara, Mount Fuji, ski resorts such as Niseko in Hokkaid, Okinawa, ride the shinkansen and take advantage of Japan's hotel and hotspring network.

In 2010 8,611,175 tourists visited Japan.

rankcountrynumber (people)percentage

1

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korea" \o "South Korea" South Korea2,439,81628.3%

2

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China" \o "China" China1,412,87516.4%

3

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan" \o "Taiwan" Taiwan1,268,27814.7%

4

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States" \o "United States" United States727,2348.4%

5

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hong_Kong" \o "Hong Kong" Hong Kong508,6915.9%

6

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia" \o "Australia" Australia225,7512.6%

7

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand" \o "Thailand" Thailand214,8812.5%

8

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom" \o "United Kingdom" United Kingdom184,0452.1%

9

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Singapore" \o "Singapore" Singapore180,9602.1%

10

HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada" \o "Canada" Canada153,3031.8%

Others1,295,34115.0%

Total8,611,175100%

2. TOURIST FACILITIES2.1. CastelsEdo Castle (Edo-jo) was the home castle of the line of Tokugawa shoguns who ran the Edo government which ruled Japan for roughly 260 years (from the beginning of the 17th century until 1867). It was originally built in 1457 by the daimyo Ota Dokan, who was also well-known as a poet. As it was the castle of the founding shogun of the Edo government (Tokugawa Ieyasu), it became the building that symbolized the prestige of successive shoguns, and was also the center of political power. It was the largest castle in Japan in those days, with the inner compound measuring roughly 8 km in diameter, and the outer compound measuring around 16 km. The castle donjon with a five-tiered facade was an enormously high building with a stone wall measuring 51.5 m from ground level. This was destroyed, however, in the great fire of 1657. It is currently the Imperial Palace of the Emperor of Japan

Osaka Castle (Osaka-jo) was built by the hegemon Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who ruled Japan in the latter half of the 16th century,