Tourism Statistics 2008 - Draft Compilation Guide

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2011 CICTUR-Tourism Statistics 2008 - Draft Compilation Guide

Text of Tourism Statistics 2008 - Draft Compilation Guide

  • International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008 Draft Compilation Guide

    Madrid, March 2011 Statistics and Tourism Satellite Account Programme

  • Table of contents Foreword ........................................................................................................................................... i-ii List of abbreviations and acronyms ....................................................................................................iii Acknowledgments (PENDING) ......................................................................................................... iv Presentation of IRTS 2008 Compilation Guide ...............................................................................v-vi Chapter 1 The role of the International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics (IRTS 2008) ....................................................................................................................1-7

    A. Introduction....................................................................................................................1-3 B. Setting up an internationally consistent System of Tourism Statistics (STS): The conceptual framework.............................................................................................3-5 C. Setting up an internationally consistent System of Tourism Statistics (STS): International comparability of data and indicators.........................................................5-7

    C.1. Identifying the statistical units..............................................................................5-6 C.2. The basic information framework for international comparability of tourism

    statistics ................................................................................................................6-7 Part A). Demand Chapter 2 Conceptual background and related observations issues: general overview ...............8-23

    A. Introduction....................................................................................................................... 8 B. The basic tourism conceptual framework ....................................................................8-14

    B.1. Country of residence / Place of residence ..........................................................8-10 B.2. The usual environment of an individual ...........................................................10-12 B.3. Observation units ..............................................................................................12-14

    B.3.1. Tourism trip ........................................................................................12-13 B.3.2. Visitor ...................................................................................................... 13 B.3.3. Travel party and travel group .............................................................13-14

    C. Characteristics of the observation units .....................................................................14-22 C.1. Characteristics of tourism trips.........................................................................14-20

    C.1.1. Main purpose ......................................................................................14-16 C.1.2. Types of tourism products ..............................................................16-17 C.1.3. Duration..............................................................................................17-18 C.1.4. Origin and destination ............................................................................. 18 C.1.5. Modes of transport..............................................................................18-19 C.1.6. Types of accommodation ........................................................................ 19 C.1.7. Organization of trips...........................................................................19-20

    C.2. Characteristics of visitors ...................................................................................... 20 C.3. Characteristics of travel parties ........................................................................20-22

    C.3.1. Size .......................................................................................................... 21 C.3.2. Composition ............................................................................................ 21 C.3.3. Main purpose ......................................................................................21-22

    D. Forms of tourism: inbound/domestic/outbound.........................................................22-23

  • Chapter 3 Measuring flows and characteristics of tourism trips and visitors.............................24-62 A. Introduction..................................................................................................................... 24 B. Measurement issues and some general characteristics...............................................24-27

    B.1. Objectives .........................................................................................................25-26 B.2. Frequency of measurement...............................................................................26-27

    C. Inbound tourism .........................................................................................................27-51 C.1. Phase one: Measuring the total number of international travellers and visitors........................................................................................................28-40

    C.1.1. Typology of the different modes of transport to arrive to or depart from a country ....................................................................................29-30 C.1.2. Complexity of the measurement of flows ..........................................30-32 C.1.3. Main sources for the measurement of global flows............................32-40

    C.1.3.1. Official administrative sources........................................35-39 C.1.3.2. Complementary sources ..................................................39-40

    C.2. Phase two: Establishing the characteristics of international visitors and of tourism trips..................................................................................................40-49

    C.2.1. The specificities of the observation of characteristics of inbound visitors ................................................................................................40-42 C.2.2. Statistical sources ...............................................................................42-49

    C.2.2.1. Border surveys.................................................................42-47 C.2.2.2. Surveys at commercial accommodation establishments..................................................................47-48 C.2.2.3. Household surveys in originating markets ......................48-49

    C.3. Tables of results................................................................................................49-51 D. Domestic tourism .......................................................................................................51-60

    D.1. Household type surveys: general overview ......................................................52-54 D.2. Household type surveys: learning from experience..........................................54-59

    D.2.1. The specificities of the observation of domestic tourism using households surveys ...................................................................55-56 D.2.2. Factors with incidence on the statistical design of the sample...........56-59

    D.2.2.1. The propensity to travel is not evenly spread over the territory neither over households nor overtime ...............56-57 D.2.2.2. Recall bias........................................................................57-58 D.2.2.3. Making tourism understandable to interviewers .............58-59

    D.3. Table of results .................................................................................................59-60 E. Outbound tourism ......................................................................................................60-62

    E.1. Table of results ...................................................................................................... 62 Chapter 4 Measuring tourism expenditure....................................................................................63-81

    A. Introduction..................................................................................................................... 63 B. Tourism expenditure and its different categories.......................................................63-79

    B.1. Recalling the basic concepts.............................................................................63-64 B.2. Different categories of tourism expenditure and their relationship to forms of tourism..........................................................................................................64-69

    B.2.1. Definitions ..........................................................................................64-66 B.2.2. Determining the national economy involved in some specific transactions by visitors .......................................................................66-69

    B.3. Measuring inbound tourism expenditure ..........................................................69-76 B.3.1. Border survey .....................................................................................70-75

    B.3.1.1. Specific issues..................................................................71-72

  • B.3.1.2. Other issues relevant also for other forms of tourism .....72-75 B.3.2. Surveying at popular tourism sites or accommodation establishments.................................................................