Training, skills and competencies of the information professional. a new paradigm, a new training model. maria elisa cerveira Prague 2010. The librarian and the archivist: the traditional training model. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Training, skills and competencies of the information professional
Training, skills and competencies of the information professionala new paradigm, a new training modelmaria elisa cerveiraPrague2010
1The librarian and the archivist: the traditional training modelIn most countries, professional training of archivists and librarians took a long time to become institutionalized within universities and was assured by other organizational bodies, including associations and professional schools.
22The librarian and the archivist: the traditional training modelEducation and training of librarians and archivists was deeply technical and conservative because it was linked to institutions whose mission was the safeguard of the Nations documentation legacy, such as national libraries or archives.33The librarian and the archivist: the traditional training modelSome of the courses were shared by librarians and archivists (as in cole des Chartes) but most of them were separated and established near important libraries or archives that provided in-service training.This training model emerged with the French Revolution and was widely disseminated throughout the nineteenth and twentieth century.
44The librarian and the archivist: the traditional training modelIn the beginning of the twentieth century many professional associations such as the Society of American Archivists, the Library Association or L Association des Bibliothcaires Franais were the promoters of library and archivists' courses that were essentially practical and provide the basic knowledge and upgrade to the professional activity.
55Documentalist: the new information professionalAt the beginning of XX century a new group of professionals emerged, the Documentalists, as a result of the pioneering work of Paul Otlet and the International Institute of Bibliography.In 1909, within the American Library Association emerge a new professional association - the Special Libraries Association (SLA)66Documentalist: the new information professionalDocumentalists didnt want to attend the same training courses as librarians for several reasons:The perception that the informational phenomenon goes beyond the paper documents.Their work context was different from libraries. They work in companies, in information services, in business enterprises.Their background was also different because most of them were engineers, mathematicians, physicists and didnt come from humanities areas.77Information science and the emergence of new training modelsAfter 1960, when the Information Science was recognized, the landscape of education tends to diversify, with a multiplicity of courses and curricula models.Although it is not easy to identify trends and stable structural lines in the curricula because everything was changing rapidly. 88Information science and the emergence of new training modelsIt was the beginning of wide-ranging training programs, offering an education in archives, librarianship and documentation (or information science) and the establishment of new specialized courses, encompassing either the library (library science) and documentation / information science or restricted to the area of the archives.99Information science and the emergence of new training modelsIn the new courses the conservative, technical and historicist model prevails even if they seem renewed with new names (Library Science, Archival Science) and new technological disciplines.
1010Information science and the emergence of new training modelsThe new "sciences", Library Science, Archival Science, Museum Science, were simply practices, as regards Yves Le Coadic they were organization empirical practices (pratiques empirique dorganization). These practices are visibly transformed by Information Technology (IT) but we can observe the failure of the traditional librarian and archivist in understanding the "information" phenomenon and process.
1111Information science and the emergence of new training modelsThe concept of document prevails - the three-dimensional artifact (object), where the man registered information, and in second arises the mindfact (Information), its producer, and the origin of the info-communication phenomenon and all his complexity.1212The primacy of informationWhen do we begin to realize the primacy of information over the document (information carrier)?It began with the photography, the movie, the radio, the microfilm, the television and at last the new information and communication technologies that brought a dynamic approach to the informational process.
1313The primacy of informationNow we can see that information is not attached to any support, it is something that is possible to transfer to other carrier without losing quality, and now we can recognize there is no document without information but the opposite is possible.
1414The primacy of informationSocial information is the structured set of coded representations (symbols, signifiers) socially contextualized and able to be registered in any tangible medium (paper, film, magnetic disk, etc.) and / or communicated in different times and spaces.
1515The primacy of informationFrom this definition we can notice the importance of language (ability to articulate ideas, sounds and signs) and code (the language spoken and written, the numerical rating, drawing, etc.) which are the basis of information and characterized as a social phenomenon.1616The primacy of informationWe can also observe some of the properties of information such as (1) Structure by the action (human and social)(2) Dynamic integration(3) Meaningfulness(4) Quantification(5) Reproducibility(6) Transmissibility
1717The primacy of informationThe centrality of social information as an object (and not only as a source) of knowledge has deep, wide and even unpredictable epistemological implications. The key is to establish a new paradigm we call the scientific-informational marked by the following essential features:Appreciation of information (human and social practice / process), its own background (organic - contextual) and its legacy / cultural importance;1818The primacy of informationDeclaration of the constant and natural informational dynamism opposed to document immobility. Inability to maintain the division between information professionals by the institutional or technological space they work (archive, library service, computer software) because this criteria is superficial and does not cover the dynamic context of information production (organic) or information use (functionality).
1919Information Science - what is it?Information science is that discipline that investigates the properties and behavior of information, the forces governing the flow of information, and the means of processing information for optimum accessibility and usability. It is concerned with that body of knowledge relating to the origination, collection, organization, storage, retrieval, interpretation, transmission, transformation, and utilization of information.()2020Information Science - what is it?It is an interdisciplinary science derived from and related to such fields as mathematics, logic, linguistics, psychology, computer technology, operations research, the graphic arts, communications, library science, management, and other similar fields.(...)Librarianship and documentation are applied aspects of information scienceBORKO, Harold Information Science -what is it? American Documentation. Washington. 19:1 (Jan. 1968) 3-5
2121Skills and competencies according to some international organizationsEUROGUIDE LIS - ECIA (European Council of Information Associations)Body of Professional Knowledge - CILIP (Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals) Competencies for Information Professionals - SLA (The Special Libraries Association)2222EUROGUIDE LISFields of expertise: Group I Information Group T Technologies Group C Communication Group M Management Group S Other scientific knowledge: This particular group takes into account the competencies associated with the users sectors or with highly specialized information or documents that need to be treated.
2323EUROGUIDE LIS Group I InformationI01 Relations with users and clientsI02 Understanding the LIS environmentI03 Application of the law of informationI04 Contents and knowledge managementI05 Identification and validation of information sourcesI06 Analysis and representation of informationI07 Information seekingI08 Management of collectionsI09 Enrichment of collectionsI10 Material handling of documentsI11 Organization of site and equipmentI12 Conception of products and services
2424EUROGUIDE LISGroup T Technology T01 Computer based design of information systems T02 Computer based development of applications T03 Publishing and editing T04 Internet technology T05 Information and computer technology
2525EUROGUIDE LISGroup C Communication C01 Oral communication C02 Written communication C03 Audiovisual communication C04 Computerized communication C05 Using a foreign language C06 Interpersonal communication C07 Institutional communication
2626EUROGUIDE LISGroup M Management M01 Global management of information M02 Marketing M03 Sales and diffusion M04 Budgetary management M05 Project management and planning M06 Diagnosis and evaluation M07 Human resources management M08 Management of education and training
2727EUROGUIDE LISAPTITUDESA Personal RelationsB ResearchC AnalysisD CommunicationE ManagingF Organizing
2828Body of Professional Knowledge - CILIPThe BPK sets out the broad framework of areas of knowledge and practice that characterize information and library work.The BPK is presented in diagrammatic format, the nucleus of which is a core schema (devices, knowledge and skills exercised by the information professional) contextualised by the applications environment and complemented by generic and transferable skills.2929CORE SCHEMA3030Personal/collective memoryCuration/inf resource managementInf. Need/ user behaviourInf. Service provisionOperation on contentBody of Professional KnowledgeCore SchemaCONCEPTUAL STRUCTURESKNOWLEDGEUSER/CLIENTINFORMATIONCOLLECTION/INFO RESOURCEDOCUMENTATIONRecording/publishing3131Competencies for Information Professionals - SLAProfessional CompetenciesA. Managing Information Organizations B. Managing Information Resources C. Managing Information Services D. Applying Information Tools and Technologies
Personal Competencies - a set of attitudes, skills and values that enable practitioners to work effectively and contribute positively to their organizations, clients and profession. 3232Information Science in Porto UniversityCore scientific areas:- Information Systems (SIST)- Information Organization and Processing (OPI)- Information Service (SERV)Additional scientific areas:- Administration and Management (GAC)- Social Sciences and Humananities (SHS)- Informatics (I)
3333Public and private higher Education Entities3434Higher Education Courses (created with Bolonha)3535Internship proposals in the public and private sector.3636No. of internship proposals / organizations (4 years)3737Total of internship proposals3838Thank you3939