Treatment and Reutilization of Medical Waste

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Treatment and Reutilization of Medical Waste. CHBE446 Team 2: Heather Cook, Savannah Green, Mike Wellen, Dave Weglein. Agenda. Introduction Market Analysis Current Uses Goals Process Outline Safety Considerations Concluding Remarks. What is medical waste?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Treatment and Reutilization of Medical Waste

Treatment and Reutilization of Medical WasteCHBE446 Team 2: Heather Cook, Savannah Green, Mike Wellen, Dave WegleinSavannah: 1-5Heather: 6-8Dave: 9-11Mike: 12-15IntroductionMarket AnalysisCurrent UsesGoalsProcess OutlineSafety ConsiderationsConcluding RemarksAgendaAccording to the EPA: Any solid waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicalsPlastics, textiles, PVCBiological material/wasteGlass (syringes)DressingsWhat is medical waste?

livescience.comMedical Waste Tracking Act of 1988Cradle to grave tracking systemManagement standards for segregation, packaging, marking, labeling, and storage of medical wasteRecord keeping requirements & penalties for mismanagementCoalition for Safe Community Needle DisposalDrop box/collection sites, mail-back programs, syringe exchange programs, at home needle destruction devicesSpecific state regulationsFor MD regulations, visit www.mde.maryland.govHow is it regulated?Yes!Hospitals, doctors offices, medical research facilitiesSeeking ways to cut costsSeveral billion pounds of waste generated each yearMarket for the productsGet paid to take the inputsIs there a market for it?

holykaw.alltop.comCompany - Environmental Energy Resources Uses Plasma-Gasification-Melting (PGM) techniqueHigh conversion of waste to syngas, steam, and solidsPyrolysis and gasificationPlants in Russia and IsraelCurrent Uses (I)

Current Uses (II)

Company - Energy-Inc Pyrolysis (decompose organics w/o O2)Gasification (produce syngas w/o combustion)Heat/energySyngas: 1,885,000 MMbtu/yearBiochar: 9,125 tons of biochar annuallyElectricity: 22,000 kWh

Energy-Inc Number500 tons of waste per day22,000 KWh of electricity or thee quivalent of 22,000 homes per hour1,100,000MM btu of thermal energy per yearor1,885,000 MMbtu of syn gas per year and9,125 tons of biochar annually

Switch from disposal to utilizationSterilize and recycle wasteOptimize the process to reutilize as much waste as possibleCreate a cost effective processSave money, preserve landfill space, follow regulations Our Goals

thecambelltimes.com

Inputs: (~10 tons/day)Gauze (99% collagen)Plastic (syringes)Gloves (latex)NeedlesOutputs: SteamCO2Possibly the syngas itselfOrganic fertilizerOverall Inputs/Outputs

ljworld.comSeparate waste in specified containers (completed by medical facilities) Pick up waste and deliver to reutilization facilitySend to reactor to turn into syngasSend to Thermal Residence Chamber, which keeps the gasification going and brings to equilibriumGo through a heat recovery steam generatorClean gas with APC equipment and send to be sold or combustedGeneral Steps

Pyrolysis (Gibbs), Gasification (Gibbs), Thermal Res Chamber (Kinetic), Steam generator (Heat exchanger), APC? (Scrubber)Process Flow Diagram

PGM: [Pyrolysis (Kinetic), Gasification (Kinetic)], Thermal Residence Chamber: [bringing to equilibrium (Gibbs)], HRSG: [Steam generator (Heat exchanger)], APC (Scrubber, condenser, etc)Heat exchangersReactorsSeparators/scrubbersPumps/compressors

Unit Operations

http://www.inentec.com/pemtm-technology/process-details.htmlPersonal protective equipment while handling waste and equipment (goggles, mask, etc)Specified containers for different types of wasteProper labeling Sterilization of product before reuseControls in processRegulation of outputsCaution - high temperatures and pressuresSafety and Environmental Considerations

cvcenvironmental.comProper disposal of medical waste has been regulated since 1988

Hospitals demand more cost effective waste treatment techniquesEmphasis on reusing the treated waste

Medical waste can be turned into useful, profitable products such as steam, syngas, and fertilizers

Takeaway PointsThank you!http://www.epa.gov/osw/nonhaz/industrial/medical/http://www.eer-pgm.com/_Uploads/dbsAttachedFiles/May_2011.pdfhttp://www.energy-inc.com/technology/http://rpn.baumpub.com/news/1599/new-conversion-process-designed-to-eliminate-medical-waste-in-landfillshttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261912002322http://www.inentec.com/pemtm-technology/process-details.htmlReferences