Union Stables

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Union Stables – 1909-1910 – Described as a “monster five-story brick stable” in the Seattle Daily Times when it was built, the 43,200 square foot building’s current owner wants to rehab the Belltown building. While much of the area was burned in 1910 following a fire at another stable, the large livery stable was spared.

Text of Union Stables

  • Name (common, present, or historic): Union Stables

    Year built: 1909-10

    Street and number: 2200 Western Avenue

    Assessor's file no.: 1977200605

    Legal description: Lots 9 & 12 in Block 40 of A. A. Denny's Sixth Addition to the Town of Seattle as laid out by A. A. Denny (commonly known as A. A. Denny's Sixth Addition to the City of Seattle) according to plat thereof recorded in Volume 1 of Plats, page 99, records of King County, Washington

    Plat name: A.A. Dennys Sixth Addition Block: 40 Lot: 9 & 12

    Present owner: M & M Company Owner's address: 88 Lenora Street Seattle, WA 98121

    Present use: Furniture Warehouse & Retail Storeflash sales (partially vacant)

    Original owner: Benjamin & Maddocks Original use: Livery stables Architect & Builder: George C. Dietrich

    SEE ATTACHED for physical description, statement of significance, and photographs

    Submitted by: Boris Castellanos, Asset Manager Address: Allegra Properties 88 Lenora Street Seattle, WA 98121 Phone: (206) 812-7812 Date: February 6, 2013 Reviewed (historic preservation officer): Date:

  • Landmark Nomination Union Stables 2200 Western Avenue Seattle

    BOLA Architecture + Planning Seattle February 6, 2013

  • Landmark Nomination Union Stables 2200 Western Avenue Seattle February 6, 2013 CONTENTS

    Landmarks Nomination Form (1 page) 1. Introduction 1 Background Research Local and National Landmarks Seattles Landmark Designation Process 2. Proper ty Data 4 3. Histor ical Context 5 Historic Overview of Belltown Livery Stables in Seattle Early History of the Union Stables and its Original Owners, Benjamin & Maddocks Later Owners and Occupants Original Designer and Builder, George C. Dietrich

    4. Architectural Descr iption 10 Urban Context and Site The Building Structure and Exterior Interior Plan and Features Changes to the Building 5. Bibliography 14 6. Photos & Graphics 16

    Cover: Tax record photo, 1937 (Puget Sound Regional Archives) and contemporary view.

    BOLA Architecture + Planning 159 Western Avenue West, Suite 486 Seattle, Washington 98119 206.447.4749

  • Union Stables 2200 Western Avenue, Seattle Landmark Nomination BOLA Architecture + Planning February 6, 2013 1. INTRODUCTION Background This landmark nomination report on the former stables at 2200 Western Avenue was undertaken at the request of the property owner, M & M Company. The building is located on the northeast corner of the intersection of Western Avenue and Blanchard Street in Seattles Belltown neighborhood, two blocks north of the Pike Place Market Historic District. The owner is proposing to rehabilitate the building. This nomination document is being provided in advance of the MUP application and permit process and building design reviews to verify the buildings historic status. This report includes data about the property, a historic context statement, and an architectural description. The context statement focuses primarily on historic themes and events, including the development of Western Avenue and the Belltown neighborhood, the life and work of original owners and the designer/builder, and the stable as a building type. The architectural description addresses the site and building, along with changes that have been made to it over time. A bibliography is provided at the end of the report, followed by historic and contemporary images and a site plan. Research Research for the landmark nomination report and a National Register of Historic Places Nomination was undertaken in October and November 2012 by Preservation Planner Sonja Molchany and Principal Susan Boyle, of BOLA. Some additional research occurred in December. Sources included the following:

    City of Seattle Department of Planning and Development (DPD) microfilm permit and

    drawing records, and Seattle Municipal Archives (SMA) photographic collection Property information from King County iMaps and tax assessors property record cards from

    Puget Sound Regional Archives Historic photos from the digital collections of the University of Washington Libraries Special

    Collections and Museum of History and Industry (MOHAI)

  • Union Stables, 2200 Western Avenue Landmark Nomination BOLA Architecture + Planning February 6, 2013, page 2

    Historic Polk Directories, Kroll and Sanborn maps, and articles from the Seattle Times Historical Archives available in the Seattle Room of Seattle's Central Public Library and through the librarys website

    City of Seattle Department of Neighborhoods historic site inventory forms and earlier

    landmark nominations Research included examination of the original drawing records, tax records, and historic maps and photographs. Several site visits were taken to view and document buildings exterior and interior elements, site features, and its neighborhood context. Local and National Landmarks Designated historic landmarks are those properties that have been recognized locally, regionally, or nationally as important resources to the community, city, state, or nation. Official recognition may be provided by listing in the State or National Registers of Historic Places or locally by the Citys designation of the property as a historic landmark. The City of Seattles landmarks process is a multi-part proceeding of three sequential steps involving the Landmarks Preservation Board:

    1) submission of a nomination and its review and approval by the Board 2) a designation by the Board 3) negotiation of controls and incentives by the property owner and the Board staff

    A final step in Seattles landmarks process is approval of the designation by an ordinance passed by the City Council. All of these steps occur with public hearings to allow input from the property owner, applicant, the public, and other interested parties. Seattles landmarks process is quasi-judicial, with the Board ruling rather than serving as an advisory body to another commission, department, or agency. Under this ordinance, more than 400 individual properties have become designated landmarks in the City of Seattle. Several hundred other properties are designated by their presence within one of the City's eight special review districts or historic districts, which include the Harvard-Belmont, Ballard Avenue, Pioneer Square, Columbia City, Pike Place Market, and International, Fort Lawton, and Sand Point Naval Air Station historic districts. Designated landmark properties in Seattle include individual buildings and structures, building assemblies, landscapes, and objects. In contrast to the National Register or landmark designation in some other jurisdictions, the City of Seattles process does not require owner consent. Seattles Landmark Designation Process The City of Seattle's Landmarks Preservation Ordinance (SMC 25.12.350) requires a property to be more than 25 years old and have significant character, interest or value, as part of the development, heritage or cultural characteristics of the City, State or Nation. The standard calling for significant character may be described as a standard of integrity. Integrity is a term used to indicate that sufficient original building fabric is present to convey a propertys historical and architectural significance.

  • Union Stables, 2200 Western Avenue Landmark Nomination BOLA Architecture + Planning February 6, 2013, page 3

    Seattles ordinance also requires a property meet one or more of six designation criteria: Criterion A. It is associated in a significant way with an historic event, which has had a

    significant effect on the community, city, state, or nation. Criterion B. It is associated in a significant way with the life of a person important in the history

    of the city, state, or nation. Criterion C. It is associated in a significant way with a significant aspect of the cultural, political

    or economic heritage of the community, city, state or nation. Criterion D. It embodies the distinctive visible characteristics of an architectural style, period or

    method of construction. Criterion E. It is an outstanding work of a designer or builder. Criterion F. It is an easily identifiable feature of its neighborhood or the city due to the

    prominence of its spatial location; contrasts of siting, age or scale; and it contributes to the distinctive quality or identity of its neighborhood or the city.

    In Seattle, a landmark nomination may be prepared by a property owner, the Citys Department of Neighborhoods, or by any interested party or individual. The ordinance requires that if the nomination is adequate in terms of its information and documentation, the Landmarks Board must consider it within a stipulated time frame. There is no city ordinance that requires an owner to nominate its property. Such a step may occur if an owner proposes substantial development requiring a Master Use Permit (MUP). Since July 1995, DPD has required a review of potentially eligible landmarks as a part of the MUP process for residential and commercial projects of certain sizes and in specific zones in the city. Seattles landmarks process does not include consideration of future changes to a property, the merits of a development proposal, or continuance of any specific occupancy, as these are separate land use issues.

  • Union Stables, 2200 Western Avenue Landmark Nomination BOLA Architecture + Planning February 6, 2013, page 4

    2. PROPERTY DATA Original Name: Union Stables Address: 2200 Western Avenue

    Seattle, Washington 98121 Site Location: Northeast corner of the intersection of Western Avenue and

    Blanchard Street in Belltown Tax