Unit 1 | Main vocabulary Straightforward | Intermediate

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  • Straightforward Elementary Second edition Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012 1

    Unit 1 | Main vocabulary Straightforward | IntermediateWord Frequency

    of UsePart of speech

    Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence

    Self-image

    consider (sb) + adj phr /knsd(r)/ to think about someones feelings or reactions I consider myself lucky to live in such a nice house.

    consider (sb) to be

    phr /knsd(r) t bi/ to have a particular opinion about someone or something I consider myself lucky to be alive.

    describe (sb) as ... phr /dskrab z/ to say that someone or something is a particular type of person or thing

    Was this the man she had once described as a hero?

    proud to + infinitive phr /prad tu/ feeling happy about something you are connected with There was a time when we were proud to wear the Union Jack.

    see (sb) as phr /si z/ to consider someone or something in a particular way I dont see myself as an old-age pensioner.

    think of (sb) as phr /k v z/ to have a particular opinion about someone or something I think of myself as a European, but Ive lived in the US for the last ten years.

    Describing people

    average *** adj /v()rd/ around a usual or ordinary level or standard Police are looking for a man of average build.

    bald * adj /bld/ with little or no hair on your head He went bald when he was quite young.

    blond * adj /blnd/ blonde hair is pale yellow in colour She has long blonde hair.

    build * n C /bld/ the size and shape of someones body He was of medium build and about my height.

    complexion * n C /kmplek()n/ the appearance of the skin on someones face, and whether it is pale, dark, smooth etc

    He has an oily complexion.

    dark *** adj /d(r)k/ if a white person is described as being dark, they have brown or black hair and sometimes skin that is not light in colour

    He was a tall dark man.

    healthy *** adj /heli/ showing that you are physically strong and not ill Shes got a healthy complexion.

    muscular adj /mskjl(r)/ very strong and attractive, with muscles that have been developed through exercise

    He was tall, blond, and muscular.

    narrow *** adj /nr/ small in width, especially when compared to how high or long something is

    She has a thin face and a long, narrow nose.

    pale *** adj /pel/ a pale person has skin that is lighter than usual because they are ill, shocked, or worried

    When he returned, he looked pale and weary.

    pointed * adj /pntd/ with a point at the end Hes got a long, pointed chin.

    prominent ** adj /prmnnt/ sticking out She has very prominent cheekbones.

    round *** adj /rand/ shaped like a circle or a ball Which hairstyles would look good with a round face like mine?

    shaved adj /evd/ with the hair removed He has a shaved head.

  • Straightforward Elementary Second edition Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012 2

    Unit 1 | Main vocabulary Straightforward | IntermediateWord Frequency

    of UsePart of speech

    Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence

    shiny * adj /ani/ something that is shiny has a bright surface that reflects light She had shiny black hair.

    slim ** adj /slm/ thin in an attractive way She had a slim youthful figure.

    straight ** adj /stret/ straight hair has no curls or waves Hes got straight brown hair.

    tanned adj /tnd/ someone who is tanned has darker skin than before because of spending time in the sun

    He was very tanned.

    wavy adj /wevi/ a wavy line or wavy hair has a lot of waves or curls in it She has wavy blonde hair.

    wide *** adj /wad/ measuring a large distance from one side to the other He has a big nose and a wide head.

    Other words & phrases

    agency ** n C /ed()nsi/ a business that provides a service for people or companies, especially by giving them information or making arrangements

    He lied his way into a job with a successful advertising agency.

    analyst ** n C /nlst/ someone whose job is to carefully examine a situation, event, etc in order to provide other people with information about it

    Political analysts are not sure what the outcome will be.

    arrest ** v /rest/ if the police arrest someone, they take that person to a police station because they believe he or she has committed a crime. Someone who has been arrested is under arrest, and if they are not allowed to leave, they are in custody

    Police raided the store at dawn, arresting six men and seizing hundreds of pirated CDs.

    arrogant * adj /rnt/ someone who is arrogant thinks they are better or more important than other people and behaves in a way that is rude and too confident

    He made an extremely arrogant remark.

    automatic ** n C / adj /tmtk/ an automatic weapon Mitty is holding a heavy automatic and the crowd believe him.

    ban ** v /bn/ to say officially that people must not do, sell, or use something The book was banned from school libraries.

    base *** n C /bes/ a place from which an activity can be planned, started, or carried out

    Terrorists had been using the warehouse as a base for their operations.

    beefeater n C /bifit(r)/ a guard at the Tower of London who wears a traditional red uniform and black hat

    The guards at the Tower are popularly known as Beefeaters.

    bite ** v /bat/ to use your teeth to cut or breaksomething, usually in order to eat it

    She bit into her sandwich.

    bottom *** n C / adj /btm/ in the lowest place or part Look at the bottom half of the page.

    career *** n C /kr(r)/ a job or series of related jobs that you do, especially a profession that you spend a lot of your working life in

    Choosing a career can be a very difficult decision.

    cashier n C /k(r)/ someone whose job is to receive or give money in a shop, bank etc

    She gave the money to the cashier.

    challenge *** n C /tlnd/ something that needs a lot of skill, energy, and determination to deal with or achieve, especially something you have never done before and will enjoy doing

    I was bored with my job and felt I needed a new challenge.

  • Straightforward Elementary Second edition Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012 3

    Unit 1 | Main vocabulary Straightforward | IntermediateWord Frequency

    of UsePart of speech

    Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence

    chaos ** n U /kes/ a situation in which everything is confused and in a mess Six months after the revolution, the country is still in chaos.

    chew ** v /tu/ to use your teeth to bite food in your mouth into small pieces so that you can swallow it

    High-fibre foods take longer to chew.

    citizen *** n C /stz()n/ someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country and has the right to the legal and social benefits of that country as well as legal obligations towards it

    She married an American and became a US citizen.

    clever ** adj /klev(r)/ good at learning or understanding things Id like to be a doctor but Im not clever enough.

    clip * n C /klp/ a short part of a film, television programme, or news story that is shown separately

    In another clip, Portillo is working behind the cash till at the supermarket.

    coalition ** n C /kl()n/ a temporary union of different political parties that agree to form a government together

    The Greens have agreed to join the coalition government.

    courtroom n C /k(r)trum/ a room where legal cases are judged Cheers rose from the courtroom when the verdict was given.

    crossword * n C /krsw(r)d/ a word game on paper, in which the answers to questions called clues are written in rows of squares that cross each other so that some letters are shared

    He likes doing a crossword puzzle in the evenings.

    cucumber n C /kjukmb(r)/ a long thin vegetable that has a dark green skin and is white inside. It is usually eaten raw in salads

    There selling organic cucumbers.

    decent ** adj /dis()nt/ good, or good enough Are there any decent restaurants around here?

    deputy *** n C / adj /depjti/ someone whose job is the second most important in a department or organization, and who takes the responsibilities of the most important person in some situations

    Hes the deputy ambassador to Sweden.

    dial * v /dal/ to press the buttons, or to turn the dial, on a telephone in order to call someone

    In an emergency dial 999.

    diplomacy n U /dplmsi/ the ability to deal with people in a sensitive way that does not upset or offend them

    Tact and diplomacy are skills that every good receptionist has.

    election *** n C /lek()n/ an occasion when people vote for someone to represent them, especially in a government

    Only about 20% of the people voted in the local government elections.

    emergency services n pl /m(r)dnsi svsz/ the organizations that deal with fire, crime, accidents, and injuries, for example the police and the fire services

    What number you do dial for the emergency services?

    episode ** n C /epsd/ a part of a television or radio story that is broadcast separately and forms one of a series

    I cant wait to see the next episode.

    executive ** n C / adj /zekjtv/ a senior manager in a business or other organization I attended a meeting with some of the companys top executives.

    expert *** n C /eksp(r)t/ someone who has a particular skill or who knows a lot about a particular subject

    I need to speak to a computer expert.

  • Straightforward Elementary Second edition Macmillan Publishers Limited 2012 4

    Unit 1 | Main vocabulary Straightforward | IntermediateWord Frequency

    of UsePart of speech

    Phonetic Spelling Definition Sample Sentence

    eye-opener n C /a p()n(r)/ a situation that shows you something surprising that you did not know before

    Visiting people in priso